Ghadeer Khum: The Biggest Scam in Muslim History is the Basis of Shia Beliefs.
by Kaukab Siddique, PhD
The Shi'ite claim that the Prophet, pbuh, proclaimed Ali, r.a., to be his "Mawla" at a watering hole known as Ghadeer is a FABRICATION. It does not appear in any of the early narrations of hadith including the earliest biography of the Prophet, pbuh, by Ibn Ishaq.
This is what Ibn Ishaq wrote:
"When Ali came (back) from the Yemen to meet the Apostle in Mecca, he hurried to him and left in charge of his army one of his companions who went and covered every man in the force with clothes from the linen Ali had. When the army approached, he (Ali) went out to meet them and found them dressed in the clothes. When he asked what on earth had happened, the man (his deputee) said that he had dressed the men so that they might appear seemly when they mingle with the people. He (Ali) told him to take off the clothes before they came to the Apostle and they did so and put them back among the spoil(s). The army showed resentment at their treatment…when the men complained of Ali, the Apostle arose to address them and he (the narrator) heard him (the Prophet) say: “Do not blame Ali, for he is too scrupulous in the things of Allah, or in the way of Allah, to be blamed.”
(Ibn Ishaq, Seerah Rasool-Allah, p.650)
Notice that the words "mawla Ali" are not mentiond at all.
As I continued my research, it became clear that the "Mawli Ali" fabricated "hadith" is part of a bigger scam.
The Shias claim that the Prophet, pbuh, gathered all the Muslims at Ghadeer Khum and told them that Ali, r.a., is as much their "mawla" as the Prophet, pbuh, himself.
Most Muslims do not know that Ghadeer Khum is 230 km from Makka.
Makka had drawn the entire Muslim community because Hajj is a religious obligation and it was the Prophet's , pbuh, farewell Hajj. At this gathering the Prophet, pbuh, gave his famous sermon in which he taught Muslims how to be Muslims.
He did not say a word about Ali, nor did he call them to gather again at Ghadeer Khum.
After the pilgrimage, the Muslims left for their homes.
There is NO HADITH which says that the Prophet, pbuh, called the 100,000 or so to gather again at Ghadeer Khum.
There was no way to call them. There were no telephones or emails. Gathering at Ghadeer Khum was not a religious obligation. So on what basis would they gather out in the desert?
Did he send horsemen proclaimimg to people to gather at Ghadeer Khum and not to go home? There is not even a weak hadith or narrative of any kind showing that people were obliged to gather at Ghadeer khum.
The Muslims of Makka would not come out 230 km into desert to Ghadeer Khum for no religious reason.
The Muslims of Yemen and Taif would go south.
Only the Muslims of Madina would go north with the Prophet, pbuh. Even to gather them would be difficult because there was no religious obligation. Again NOT ONE SAHABI is reported to have narrated that horsemen were sent out to command Muslims to gather at Ghadeer Khum.
Thus the only story of Ghadeer Khum is about this small force which had returned from Yaman and was angry with the commands of Ali, r.a. As we noticed in the narrative from Ibn Ishaq, the words "Ali Mawla" do not occur in the Prophet's, pbuh, efforts to reduce the anger of the troops against Ali, r.a.
Two hundred years later Shias fabricated the story about "Mawla Ali" and used gossip and hearsay to insert it in the Musnad of Ahmad and a few others.
Bukhari, who is the strictest collector of hadith, gives the ghadeer khum story without the fabrication of "Mawla Ali."
Here it is:
Narrated Buraida, r.a:
The Prophet sent Ali to Khalid to bring the Khumus (of the spoils of war) and I hated Ali, and Ali had taken a bath (after a sexual act with a captive-girl from the Khumus). I said to Khalid, "Don't you see this (i.e. Ali)?" When we reached the Prophet, I mentioned that to him. He (the Prophet) said, "O Buraida! Do you hate Ali?" I said, "Yes." He said, "Do you hate him, for he deserves more than that from the Khumus." [Sahih Bukhari (volume 5, Book 59 Number 637]
Here there is no mention of "Mawla Ali." Instead there is a much more serious issue. The Prophet, pbuh, had shown through his own example that Muslims should marry women captured in war. Was Ali, r.a., violating that Sunnah or did he marry that woman?
This becomes even more serious when we remember that Ali, r.a., was married to the Prophet's, pbuh, own daughter.
As we know from other hadith narrations, Ali displeased Fatima, r.a. in his efforts to marry other women.