5:3 The following things are Forbidden to you:
Carrion, blood, the flesh of swine, anything (not just meat) that has been dedicated to any other than God (such as an idol, grave or saint), any animal that has been strangled to death, or beaten to death, or killed by fall, or gored to death, or eaten by a wild animal unless you are able to slaughter it while it is still alive, and (also Forbidden is) what is sacrificed on idolatrous altars (devotional stones or blocks in shrines considered sacred). And (you are forbidden) from dividing one another’s portions through raffling, and divining the future by such means as arrows, for these are deviations. This Day, the rejecters of the Truth have lost all hope of (making compromises with) your System of Life. But, do not fear them, but fear Me. This Day, I have perfected your Law for you, completed My favor upon you, and chosen for you Al-Islam as the System of Life. If anyone is forced by dire necessity (to consume the Forbidden), with no intention of transgression, God is indeed Forgiving, Merciful.
[Mayitah = Carrion = Dead meat = An animal that dies of itself. Azlaam = Divining arrows = The conjecture of foretelling the future = Raffle = Lottery = Dividing things or time for one another through randomly picking up slips of paper. Deen = System of Life = The Law. 2:173, 2:185, 2:219, 5:90]
5:4 They ask you (O Prophet) what foods are Permissible. Tell them all good things of life are Lawful to you. As for the hunting animals, the catch of your trained dogs and falcons, as God has taught you, is Permissible. Mention God's name thereupon. Always be mindful of God’s Laws. His Law of Requital is swift in reckoning.
Surah 16 verse 14
16:14 And He it is Who has made the sea subservient. You eat from it tender fresh meat and take from it gems which you may wear. And on that very sea you see the ships roaming through the waves so that you might seek of His Bounty and be appreciative.
Surah 20 verses 80-82
20:80 O Children of Israel! We saved you from your enemy, and then made a Covenant with you by the right-hand slope of Mount Sinai, and gave you ample provision, meats and wholesome vegetation. [2:57, right-hand slope 19:52]
20:81 Saying, “Partake and enjoy the decent provisions which We have bestowed upon you. But do not disregard equity and none shall be deprived of the natural resources. Transgress not in this respect lest My disapproval should descend on you. And those nations on whom descends My disapproval do perish indeed!”
20:82 And certainly, I am the Protecting Forgiver. There is plenty of room in My Laws to forgo wrongs of the past, so repent by coming back to the right path. Those who believe in My Laws, keep the collective good of the society in mind, and maintain that Order, will find themselves on the way to Success.
Here, the Quran gives clear instructions as to what foods we are not allowed to consume.
1. Dead meat, carrion, are animals that you find already killed by disease or other animals. These are forbidden because as soon as death occurs decomposition begins as well as the problem of harmful bacterial diseases. Animals caught by hunting dogs and birds of prey, e.g. falcons, may be eaten as long as you are able to slaughter them yourselves.
2. Blood means not drinking running blood from animals (which some tribes in Africa still do this e.g. the Massai, in Kenya) and removing as much blood from them as possible by way of cutting the jugular vein and windpipe . The spine is not cut as this leaves the nerves passing from the brain to heart intact and this keeps the heart pumping until a large part of the blood is removed from the body. The animal twitches from time to time and this is not due to pain but the muscles contracting automatically as the blood is depleted from the tissues. Blood is an ideal medium for bacteria and other diseases to grow in and this is why as much blood as possible should be removed from the animal.
3. Swine is obviously pig meat.
4. Many idol worshippers consume food after praying to false deities and these are also strictly forbidden to Muslims as well. Food dedicated to anything or anyone else (idols and saints) is not allowed to be consumed. Well intentioned food that is distributed to the poor and needy by non-Muslims who have “blessed” them should not be eaten unless there is an undeniable need to do so. This includes food prepared in Hindu and Sikh temples and freely given to anyone in need. Food aid is a different matter and does not have any restrictions imposed upon it since it is usually donated by governments and aid agencies who are not religiously motivated.
Some more verses for you to ponder over:-
Surah 5 verse 87-88
5:87 O You who have chosen to be graced with belief! Do not deprive yourselves of the good things of life that God has made Lawful to you. But commit no excesses. God does not love those who exceed the limits. [Self-mortification by ascetics, monks and mystics is not the way to ‘purify’ the ‘soul’]
5:88 Thus, partake of the Lawful, good things that God grants you as sustenance. And be conscious of God, in Whom you are believers.
Surah 10 verses 57-60
10:57 O Mankind! There has now come to you Enlightenment from your Sustainer, and a healing for everything that troubles your hearts, and Guidance, and Grace to all who embrace it.
10:58 Say, “In this Bounty of God and in His Grace – in this, then, let them rejoice. It is better than all the treasures that they may amass.”
10:59 Say, “Have you considered how God sends down to you all kinds of provisions for your minds and bodies? Then you render some of them unlawful and some lawful?” Say, “Has God permitted you to do this? Or do you invent lies and attribute them to God?” [The clergy go after manmade dogmas thus tampering with the revealed Word of God and declare unlawful His Bounties of sustenance, food, clothes, ornament of life and things of aesthetic beauty such as art. 7:32. See 34:13 how a Prophet of God, Solomon decorates his kingdom with beautiful works of art]
10:60 Does it ever occur to the people who tamper with religion and invent lies concerning God, that they will have to face Him on the Resurrection Day? God is Infinitely Bountiful toward mankind, but the majority of them do not show gratitude in word and action.
6:141 He it is Who creates Bounties for you, such as gardens that are cultivated, greens that are wild, palm trees of various kinds, crops in diversity, olives and pomegranates, fruits that are similar and diverse. Enjoy them, but give Him His Right on the Day of the Harvest. And waste not the Bounty of God. Surely, He does not love the wasteful. [‘give Him His Right’ = Give God His Right = Render to the poor what is their Divinely ordained right. Time to reflect on Zakaat: See 2:3, 11:64, 55:10]
6:142 Among the large and small quadrupeds some are for work and transportation and others for flesh, and their skins for bedding materials. Enjoy what God has provided you. And do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Satan (your selfish desire) is your open enemy.
6:143 Take the example of eight quadrupeds: Two sheep, one male and one female, two goats, one male and one female. Say, “Is it the two males that He has forbidden, or the two females, or the calves in the wombs of the females? Tell me if you have true knowledge.
6:144 Then two camels, one male and one female, two cows, one male and one female. Say, “Is it the two males that He has forbidden, or the two females, or the calves in the wombs of the two females? Were you witnesses when God made such prohibitions? Who can be a greater transgressor than the one who invents a lie and attributes it to God? They mislead people without knowledge. God does not intervene to guide those who displace knowledge with conjecture.”
6:145 Say, "I do not find in the Revelation given to me, any food that is prohibited for one who wishes to eat except: Carrion (dead meat), or running blood, or the flesh of swine – for, certainly, it is a barrier to the moral development. Or, anything (not just meat) that has been, in defiance to Commands, has been dedicated to other than God.” If one is forced by dire need without being deliberate and without transgressing, your Lord is Forgiving, Merciful.
[2:173, 5:3. Rijs = Unclean = Disapproved = Contaminated = Foul = A barrier to moral development. Science still needs to learn how pork can be a barrier to morality. Fisq = Deviation = Abomination = In defiance of Divine Commands = Disobedience of God = Drifting away from reason]