Our Beacon Forum

Suicide and Islam - A Deeper Perspective
By:abdalaziz ariff / indiana
Date: Saturday, 12 October 2019, 5:27 pm

Suicide and Islam - A Deeper Perspective
Published: 30 January 2010 | Written by Nashid Abdul-Khaaliq

“It is He Who giveth life and who taketh it,and to Him shall ye all be brought back. [10:56]

Suicide is strictly forbidden along with the killing of innocents in Islam. God is the author of life and it is only He who could take life or tell human beings under what conditions a life should be taken such as in punishment for murder and spreading destruction and havoc in the land. As human beings we don't own our lives, God does! As such we don't have the authority to take it. Suicide is disrespecting God and being ungrateful for the life He has given us. God has made life sacred for human beings and all his creatures. There are many verses that describe the sacredness of life in the Qur’an. One of the verses is as follows:

Say: "Come, I will rehearse what God hath (really) prohibited you from": Join not anything as equal with Him; be good to your parents; kill not your children on a plea of want;- We provide sustenance for you and for them;- come not nigh to shameful deeds. Whether open or secret; take not life, which God hath made sacred, except by way of justice and law: thus doth He command you, that ye may learn wisdom. Qur'an (6:151)

There are many verses against suicide in the Qur’an. The following verses make the prohibition very clear and illustrates the punishment God bestows on those who commit suicide:

But let there be amongst you Traffic and trade by mutual good-will: Nor kill (or destroy) yourselves: for verily God hath been to you Most Merciful! If any do that in rancor and injustice,- soon shall We cast them into the Fire: And easy it is for God. Qur’an 4:29 - 4:30

In the Judaic or Christian parts of the Bible there are NO direct injunctions against suicide. However, this is not the case in the traditions of Islam. Both Qur’an and Hadiths have direct injunctions against suicide. Sanctions are expressed in the Qur’an against self-killing as in the verse above and also in the following:

God says explicitly in the Qur’an: "And do not throw yourselves in destruction". (2:195)

Muslims also clearly understand that God is He who gives life and it is only He who can take life. The giving and taking of life is God’s domain. In one verse of the Qur’an, God says:

“How can you disbelieve? Seeing that you were dead and He gave you life. Then He will give you death, then again will bring you to life (on the Day of Resurrection) and then unto Him you will return." (2:28)

Muslims also understand that the intentional murder of human beings is forbidden in our religion. The murdering of oneself is also included in that prohibition. God says in the Qur’an regarding this:

“If a man kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell, to abide therein (For ever): And the wrath and the curse of God are upon him, and a dreadful penalty is prepared for him.” (4:93)

“…if any one slew a person - unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land - it would be as if he slew the whole people: and if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people.” (5:32)

According to Qur’an, killing Muslims intentionally -- including oneself -- is one of the worst sins that a Muslim can commit carrying extremely severe punishments. It is explicitly forbidden in the Qur’an.