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Muhammad only from Al-Qur'an
By:Ahmed Moosa, Cape Town
Date: Saturday, 24 August 2019, 11:41 pm

Biography of the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad only from Al-Qur'an
Aug 24 at 2:22 PM

Ahmed Moosa

Biography of Muhammad from AlQuran.doc

Sunnah verses with Arabic - Copy.pdf

HADITH _ALL_ VERSES IN AL-QURAN hadith appears 28 times in Al-Quran.pdf

Subject: Biography of the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad only from Al-Qur'an


I trust you are well. I have attached a biography of the Messenger of Allah, and below is a small part of the document. Please use it as there is no copyright. I have tried my best to condense it but as you and I know it is impossible to do so when it comes to the Divine Book. None the less I have tried to so that it may encourage perhaps yourself to continue with it and to consider to publish it in a book form for future generations to benefit from, insha Allah.
I wish you well, and may Allah reward you for all your efforts in propagating the Absolute Truth. Refer to chapter 3 v 60. Chap 2 v 147. Chap 10-32, 36, chap 5 vs 44, 45, 47, etc.

Was Salaam,


A synopsis of the biography of Muhammad[1] the Messenger of Allâh exclusively from Al-Qur’ân:

Chapter 8 verse 27. “O ye that believe! Betray not the Trust (i.e.Al-Qur’ân) of Allâh and the messenger (i.e. Muhammad), […]”

For decades numerous books have been written on the life of Prophet Muhammad, but to my knowledge, and I am open to correction, I have not come across a single book on his biography based exclusively from Al-Qur’ân.

Let me be very clear, for anyone truly interested in knowing the life history of Muhammad, one must read the complete Divine Book a number of times to get a fair idea of his life. Al-Qur’ân explains his life in much detail but serious study is needed. Let me say at the outset that this document is but a small part of his life that I have compiled from within the Divine Book.

My reason for writing this essay: in January 2018, I met a person who is busy with his doctorate on the Life of Prophet Muhammad, and on inquiring from him what books he is consulting for his doctorate; he said that he is taking his information from William Muir. I inquired if he is using any other sources, and he said proudly that Muir is ‘more than sufficient as he has written so many volumes’ on the Prophet’s life that it is more than sufficient, and in his opinion, that ‘no other source is needed’. He then went on to say that Muslims do not really know much because they have not researched Islamic history so we have to rely on western writers.

He quoted various western authors who I never heard of and I could see he was ‘full of himself” – conceited I would say, because he raved about these authors as if they were so great that if anyone had not read their works they were not ‘intelligent.’ As this took place at a function of a very close friend who I hold in very high esteem I did not want to get into an argument as it was not the place for it. However, as a person who is supposed to be intelligent surely he should have realised that Muir who lived about one thousand one hundred years after Muhammad could never have known anything about him, unless he consulted writings by others, and I am quite sure there must have been Muslims works Muir must have consulted, otherwise how else could he know anything about Muhammad? And those writers he consulted also lived hundreds of years after Muhammad. Now if Muir had studied Al-Qur’ân and understood the message, then he would not have quoted information from unauthentic sources which the Divine Book condemns as idle tales in chapter 31 verse 6. Muir followed blindly, and so do those who accept his writings as authentic just like a flock of sheep. But as I always say, when one has blinkers on, it is almost impossible to get one to understand, especially when they think they know it all. A very sad situation indeed!

Anyway, for many years I had this notion of writing an essay on the life of Muhammad, but always put it off because I felt that Muslims who claim to love the prophet, and believe in the Divine Book would study Al-Qur’ân to know about his life. How wrong I am, as this person was completely unaware that The Qur’ân has his biography! The majority of Muslims read books written by many authors on this very subject, but almost all quote from other sources and very little from Al-Qur’ân. That is why most are unaware that the life history of their prophet is in Al-Qur’ân. I hope that this modest effort of mine will open the way for more serious research into the life of Muhammad from Al-Qur’ân exclusively, by research scholars from the Darul Ulooms and Universities. Will that happen? I have my doubts.

As stated above, one must study[2] the Divine Book to see how Allâh explains the life of Muhammad in numerous verses in His Book. Only when one studies IT (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) for oneself seriously will one see and understand more of his life.

To begin the analysis the following verses must be kept in mind:

Allâh states the following in His Divine Book:

Ÿ تَفْسِيرًا وَأَحْسَنَ بِالْحَقِّ جِئْنَاكَ إِلَّا بِمَثَلٍ يَأْتُونَكَ وَلَا

Chapter 25 verse 33. “AND NO QUESTION DO THEY BRING TO THEE (i.e. Muhammad[3]) BUT WE[4] (i.e. Allâh) REVEAL TO THEE (i.e. Muhammad) the TRUTH AND THE AH’SANAL TAFSEER (best explanation) (thereof).” (The Arabic word Tafseer appears only once in the entire Qur’ân)

Chapter 11 verse 1. “Alîf Lâm Râ (This is) a Book (i.e. Al-Qur’ân), with verses basic or fundamental (of established meaning), FURTHER EXPLAINED IN DETAIL, - FROM ONE WHO IS WISE (i.e. Allâh) and well-acquainted (with all things):”

Allâh states the following reason for Revelation:

Chapter 16 verse 64. “And WE (i.e. Allâh) sent down the Book (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) to thee (i.e. Muhammad) FOR THE EXPRESS PURPOSE, that thou (i.e. Muhammad) shouldst make Clear (ayâtu bay’yinat) to them those things in which they differ, and that IT (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) should be a Guide and a Mercy to those who believe.[5]”

To further substantiate the above verses Allâh states:

Chapter 42 verse 10. “Whatever it be wherein ye differ, the decision thereof is with Allâh. Such is Allâh my (i.e. Muhammad’s) Rabb: in Him (i.e. Allâh) I (i.e. Muhammad) trust and to Him (i.e. Allâh) I (i.e. Muhammad) turn.”

Chapter 16 verse 89. “…We (i.e. Allâh) have sent down to thee (i.e. Muhammad) the Book (i.e. Al-Qur’ân), explaining all things, a Guide, a MERCY, glad tidings to Muslims.”

Chapter 3 verse 109. “To Allâh belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth: to Him (i.e. Allâh) do all questions go back (for decision).”

Chapter 75 verses 16 to 19 “Move not your (i.e. Muhammad’s) tongue so as to make haste therewith. It is OUR (i.e. Allâh’s) DUTY TO COMPILE (collect and arrange) IT (i.e. Qur’ân) and to regulate[6] its reading. But once We (i.e. Allâh) have regulated its reading, follow you its reading (as regulated). Even it is OUR (i.e. Allâh’s) DUTY TO EXPLAIN IT (i.e. Qur’ân) (as necessary)”. (Translation by Dr. Kamal Omar)

Chapter 17 verse 89. “And We (i.e. Allâh) have explained to mankind, in This Qur’ân, every kind of similitude: yet the greater part of men refuse (to receive IT) except with ingratitude!”

Chapter 41 verse 44. “Had We (i.e. Allâh) sent This Qur’ân (in the language) other than Arabic, they would have said: “why are not its verses explained in detail?” What! (a Book) not in Arabic and (a Messenger) an Arab?” Say: “IT (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) is a Guide and a healing to those who believe; and for those who believe not, there is a deafness in their ears, and it is blindness in their (eyes): they are (as it were) being called from a place far distant!”

The above verses gives us an indication that the same points will be explained again and again in various ways to make us understand, so that we do not formulate our opinions. And that is exactly what the following verse make clear:

Chapter 17 verse 41. “WE (i.e. ALLÂH) HAVE EXPLAINED (things) IN VARIOUS (ways) (SÂR’RAFNÂ) IN THIS QUR’ÂN, in order that they may receive admonition, but it only increases their flight (from the Truth)!”

Allâh will explain His message is repeated about 25 times in The Divine Book. Some of the references are given at the end of this article. I shall give minimum comments as the verses explain themselves. It is best to refer to Al-Qur’ân for oneself to get a better understanding.

A word to focus on when studying the verses is wherever the Arabic word ‘Qûl’ (i.e. ‘say’) appears, note that in most cases it means Allâh commanded Muhammad to say / to answer / to inform his contemporaries what they inquired or disputed about. In this way we can immediately know exactly what he said and those words he uttered are secured in Al-Qur’ân for all time. We do not have to speculate / conjecture because we have his authentic sayings absolutely preserved in The Divine Book. A perfect example is where Muhammad is commanded four times to ‘say’ to the unbelievers:

Chapter 6 verse 19. “Say: “What thing is most weighty in Evidence?” Say: “(Allâh) is witness between me (i.e. Muhammad) and you; This Qur’ân hath been revealed to me (i.e. Muhammad) by Wâhy (inspiration), that I (i.e. Muhammad) may warn you and all whom IT (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) reaches. Can ye possibly bear witness that besides Allâh there is another god?” Say: “Nay! I (i.e. Muhammad) cannot bear witness!” Say: “But in truth He (i.e. Allâh) is the one Allâh, and I (i.e. Muhammad) truly am innocent of (your blasphemy of) joining others with Him (i.e. Allâh).”



We begin where Allâh informs mankind that Muhammad was an orphan:

Chapter 93 verse 6. “Did He (i.e. Allâh) not find thee (i.e. Muhammad) an orphan and give thee (i.e. Muhammad) shelter (and care)?”

Muhammad was looking for guidance and Allâh gave him guidance:

Chapter 93 verse 7. “And He (i.e. Allâh) found thee (i.e. Muhammad) wandering, and He (i.e. Allâh) gave thee (i.e. Muhammad) guidance.”

The best guidance is from Allâh: The word ‘say’ informs us that Allâh commanded Muhammad to say the words that follow:

Chapter 2 verse 120. “Say: “The Guidance of Allâh that is the (only) Guidance.” “Wert thou (i.e. Muhammad) to follow their desires after the knowledge[7] which hath reached thee (i.e. Muhammad), then wouldst thou (i.e. Muhammad) find neither Protector nor helper against Allâh.”

Muhammad was in need and Allâh made him independent:

Chapter 93 verse 8. “And He (i.e. Allâh) found thee (i.e. Muhammad) in need, and made thee (i.e. Muhammad)independent.”

With that independence he assisted and fed his companions:

Chapter 33 verse 53. “O ye who believe! Enter not the Prophet's houses, - until leave is given you for a meal, (and then) not (so early as) to wait for its preparation: but when ye are invited, enter; and when ye have taken your meal, disperse, without seeking familiar talk. Such (behaviour) annoys the prophet: he (i.e. Muhammad) is ashamed to dismiss you, but Allâh is not ashamed (to tell you) the truth. And when ye ask (his ladies) for anything ye want, ask them from before a screen: that makes for greater purity for your hearts and for theirs. Nor is it right for you that ye should annoy Allâh’s Messenger, or that ye should marry his (i.e. Muhammad’s) widows after him at any time. Truly such a thing is in Allâh’s sight an enormity.”

[Allâh chooses His messengers as stated in the following verses: Chapter 3 verses 33 & 34; chapter 22 verses 75; chapter 68 verse 50; chapter 3 verse 179; chapter 40 verse 15; chapter 16 verse 121; chapter 20 verse 13; chapter 19 verse 58; chapter 6 verses 83 to 90; and numerous more. Some of these verses are quoted further on].

Muhammad did not expect he was going to be chosen as a messenger:

Chapter 28 verse 86. “And thou (i.e. Muhammad) hadst not expected that the Book (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) would be sent to thee (i.e. Muhammad) except as a MERCY from thy Rabb[8] (Lord): therefore lend not thou (i.e. Muhammad) support in any way to those who reject (Allâh's Message).”

Only after being selected as a messenger of Allâh was Revelation vouchsafed to Muhammad, and thereafter he understood what was Revelation and Imân (belief):

Chapter 42 verse 52. “And thus have We (i.e. Allâh), by Our command, sent inspiration (aw’hay’nâ) to thee (i.e. Muhammad): thou (i.e. Muhammad) knewest not (before) what was Wâhy (Revelation), and what was imân (faith); but We (i.e. Allâh) have made the (Qur’ân) a light, wherewith We (i.e. Allâh) guide such of Our servants as We (i.e. Allâh) will; and verily thou (i.e. Muhammad) dost guide (mankind) to the straight Way, (i.e. Qur’ân)”-

The following verses make clear Allâh revealed Al-Qur’ân to Muhammad:

Chapter 42 verse 3. Thus doth (Allâh) send inspiration to thee (i.e. Muhammad) as (Allâh did) to those before thee, - Allâh, Exalted in power, full of Wisdom.”

Chapter 46 verse 2. “The Revelation of the Book (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) is from Allâh the Exalted in Power, full of Wisdom.”

Chapter 39 verses 1 & 2. “The Revelation of This Book is from Allâh, the Exalted in power, full of Wisdom. Verily it is We (i.e. Allâh) who have revealed the Book to thee (i.e. Muhammad) in truth: so serve Allâh, offering Him sincere devotion.”

Chapter 40 verses 2. “The Revelation of This Book is from Allâh; Exalted in Power, full of Knowledge,”-

Chapter 41 verses 2 & 3. “A Revelation from (Allah), Most Gracious, Most Merciful; - a Book, (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) whereof the verses are explained in detail; - a Qur'ân in Arabic, for people who understand;”-

Chapter 3 verse 144. “Muhammad is no more than a messenger: many were the messengers that passed away before him. If he (i.e. Muhammad) died or were slain, will ye then turn back on your heels? If any did turn back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allâh. But Allâh (on the other hand) will swiftly reward those who (serve Allâh) with gratitude.” (In 92 verses Allâh says Muhammad’s duty is to warn and give glad tidings)

Chapter 63 verse 1. “When the hypocrites come to thee (i.e. Muhammad), they say, “we bear witness that thou (i.e. Muhammad) art indeed the Messenger of Allâh.” Yea, Allâh knoweth that thou (i.e. Muhammad) art indeed His (i.e. Allâh’s) Messenger and Allâh beareth witness that the hypocrites are indeed liars.”

Chapter 47 verse 2. “But those who believe and work deeds of righteousness, and believe in the (Qur’ân) sent down to Muhammad - for it is the Truth from their Rabb, - He (i.e. Allâh) will remove from them their ills and improve their condition.”

The commencement of Revelation:

Chapter 73 verse 5. “Soon shall We (i.e. Allâh) send down to thee (i.e. Muhammad) a weighty Message (i.e. Al-Qur’ân).”

The Weighty Message revealed to Muhammad:

Chapter 6 verse 19. “Say: “What thing is most weighty in Evidence?” Say: “(Allâh) is witness between me (i.e. Muhammad) and you; This Qur’ân hath been revealed to me (i.e. Muhammad) by Wâhy (inspiration), that I (i.e. Muhammad) may warn you and all whom IT (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) reaches. Can ye possibly bear witness that besides Allâh there is another god?” Say: “Nay! I (i.e. Muhammad) cannot bear witness!” Say: “But in truth He (i.e. Allâh) is the one Allâh, and I (i.e. Muhammad) truly am innocent of (your blasphemy of) joining others with Him (i.e. Allâh).”

This weighty message is described by Allâh as follows:

Chapter 59 verse 21. “Had We (i.e. Allâh) sent down This Qur’ân on a mountain, verily, thou wouldst have seen it (i.e. the mountain) humble itself and cleave asunder for fear of Allâh. Such are the similitudes which We (i.e. Allâh) propound to mankind, that they may reflect.”

Chapter 13 verse 31. “If there were a Qur’ân with which mountains were moved, or the earth were cloven asunder, or the dead were made to speak, (this would be the one!) But, truly, the command is with Allâh in all things! Do not the believers know that, had Allâh (so) willed, He (i.e. Allâh) could have guided all mankind (to the right)?”

Please pay attention to these verses! Look at the power of the words. Are we so engrossed in our mundane activities that we do not even make a little attempt to study and understand this most Powerful Divine Message? Muhammad underwent tremendous hardship propagating this Message, and most Muslims claim to love him but make no effort to understand the Message!

Allah promised that Muhammad will not forget the Revelation as IT is being Revealed:

Chapter 87 verse 6. “By degrees shall We (i.e. Allâh) teach thee (i.e. Muhammad) to declare (the Message), so thou (i.e. Muhammad) shall not forget,”

What was Muhammad to do with this weighty message?

Chapter 74 verse 1 & 2. “O thou (i.e. Muhammad) wrapped up (in the mantle)! Arise and deliver thy Warning!”

Chapter 5 verse 67. “O Messenger. Proclaim the (Al-Qur’ân) which hath been sent to thee (i.e. Muhammad) from thy Rabb. If thou (i.e. Muhammad) didst not (do so), thou (i.e. Muhammad) wouldst not have fulfilled and proclaimed His (i.e. Allâh’s) mission. And Allâh will defend thee (i.e. Muhammad) from people (who mean mischief). For Allâh guides not those who reject Faith.”

Chapter 21 verse 45. “Say, “I (i.e. Muhammad) do but warn you according to Revelation” (i.e. Al-Qur’ân): but the deaf will not hear the call, (even) when they are warned!”

Chapter 38 verse 87. “This (Al-Qur’ân) is no less than a Message to (all) the worlds.”

Muhammad says he has indeed fulfilled Allâh’s command in proclaiming the Message of Al-Qur’ân:

Chapter 21 verses 108 & 109. “Say: “What has come to me (i.e. Muhammad) by inspiration is that your Allâh is one Allâh. Will ye therefore bow to His will (in Islam)?” But if they turn back, say: “I (i.e. Muhammad) have proclaimed the Message to you all alike and in truth; but I (i.e. Muhammad) know not whether that which ye are promised is near or far.”

The Revelation was not revealed all at once but was revealed in parts / stages:

Chapter 25 verse 32. “Those who reject imân say: “Why is not the Qur’ân revealed to him (i.e. Muhammad) all at once? Thus (IT is revealed), that We (i.e. Allâh) may strengthen thy (i.e. Muhammad’s) heart thereby, and We (i.e. Allâh) have rehearsed IT (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) to thee (i.e. Muhammad) in slow, well-arranged stages, gradually.”

Chapter 17 verse 106. “(IT’S) a Qur’ân which We (i.e. Allâh) have divided (into parts from time to time), in order that thou (i.e. Muhammad) mightest recite[9] it to mankind at intervals: We (i.e. Allâh) have revealed IT (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) by stages (i.e. parts).”

On delivering the message of Revelation, how did the majority react?

Chapter 10 verse 15. [Allâh declares] “But when Our (i.e. Allâh’s) Clear Signs (Ayât) are rehearsed unto them (i.e. the people), those who rest not their hope on their meeting with Us (i.e. Allâh): (the unbelievers say to Muhammad): “Bring us a reading (other than this Qur’ân), or change this: (Muhammad is commanded) SAY: “IT IS NOT FOR ME (i.e. Muhammad) OF MY OWN ACCORD TO CHANGE IT (i.e. AL-QUR’ÂN): I (i.e. Muhammad) FOLLOW NAUGHT BUT WHAT IS REVEALED UNTO ME (i.e. Al-Qur’ân): if I (i.e. Muhammad) were to disobey my Rabb, I (i.e. Muhammad) should myself fear the penalty of a great Day (to come).”

In the above verse, Muhammad is commanded to say: he cannot change anything, so how could it even be remotely possible for him to bring another book? So it shows there was no other book during his life time which he and his companions followed- see further on!

[1] Chapter 37 verse 181. “AND PEACE ON ALL THE MESSENGERS!” (Allâh has already placed peace on all His messengers- there is no distinction among Allâh’s messengers as stated in Chapter 2 verse 136; Chapter 3 verse 84; Chapter 2 verse 285; Chapter 4 verses 150 to152- refer to Al-Qur’ân for the verses)

[2] All True Believers Defined In This Verse: Chapter 2 verse 121. “Those to whom We (i.e. Allâh) have sent the Book (i.e. Qur’ân) STUDY IT (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) AS IT (i.e. Al-Qur’ân), SHOULD BE STUDIED: THEY ARE THE ONES THAT BELIEVE THEREIN: those who reject imân (faith) Therein, (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) - the loss is their own.”

[3] All Messengers Were Human Beings / Mortals: Chapter 25 verse 20: “And the messengers whom We (i.e. Allâh) sent before thee (i.e. Muhammad) were all (men) who ATE FOOD and walked through the streets: We (i.e. Allâh) have made some of you as a trial for others: will you have patience? For Allâh is one who sees (all things).” (cf: Chapter 14 verses 10 to 12)

Chapter 21 verses 7 & 8. “BEFORE THEE (i.e. Muhammad), also, ALL THE MESSENGERS WE (i.e. Allâh) SENT WERE BUT MEN, to whom We (i.e. Allâh) granted inspiration: […].” “NOR DID WE (i.e. Allâh)GIVE THEM BODIES THAT ATE NO FOOD, NOR WERE THEY EXEMPT FROM DEATH.”

[4] Western critics of the Qur’ân frequently point to the allegedly “incoherent” references to Allâh - often in one and the same phrase - as “He”, “Allâh”, “We” or “I”, with the corresponding changes of the pronoun from “His” to “Ours” or “My”, or from “Him” to “Us” or “Me”. They seem to be unaware of the fact that these changes are not accidental, and not even what one might describe as “poetic licence”, but are obviously deliberate, a linguistic device meant to stress the idea that Allâh is not a “person” and cannot, therefore, be really circumscribed by the pronouns applicable to finite beings.

[5] The concept of the term belief could be very problematic if its English linguistic meaning is applied to the guidance that came from Allâh. We reproduce the following meanings of the English term first. The term belief according to The New Collins Concise Dictionary means:“1. a principle, etc., accepted as true or real, especially without proof. 2. opinion; conviction. 3. religious faith. 4. trust or confidence, as in a person’s abilities.” The Oxford Paperback Dictionary gives the following definition: “1. the feeling that something is real and true; trust, confidence. 2. something accepted as true; what one believes. 3. acceptance of the teachings of a religion etc.; these teachings.” (i) ÂMANÛ~ if the above definitions of the term were applied to the guidance that came from Allâh, then it would mean that it is something that is not based on truth. The Arabic word for a believer is Mu’min and one who claims to be one is addressed in the Qur’ân as ‘O you who has truly believed’- ‘amânû’- the Arabic term îmân or amânû as used in many verses of the Arabic Glorious Qur’ân as: ‘those who have carefully studied and analysed a subject and has found the truth about it. Then, as a result of the findings believes in its truth based on evidence, and acted upon it.’ Refer to chapter 2 verse 121 for further explanation. The Arabic term has many branches, which are used in Islâm, and has many meanings, yet it never includes something that cannot be proved!

[6] Regulate: ‘1 control by rule. 2 subject to restrictions. 3 adapt to requirements.’ The Concise Oxford Dictionary 1990.

[7] Chapter 4 verse 166: “… Allâh bears witness that what (i.e. Qur’ân) He (i.e. Allâh) hath sent unto thee (i.e. Muhammad) He (i.e. Allâh) hath sent from HIS (i.e. Allâh’s own) KNOWLEDGE and the malâ’ikah bear witness: but enough is Allâh for a witness.” (cf: Chapter 3 verse 60; Chapter 10 verse 32; Chapter 10 verse 82; Chapter 42 verse 24)

[8] According to Ar-Râghib al-Isfahânî, it means ‘to nurture a thing in such a manner as to make it attain one condition after another until its goal of completion’ Mufradât alfâz al-Qur’ân by ar-Râghib al-Isfahânî. Please note that the word has different meanings when it does not refer to the Creator. In Chapter 87 verses 1 to 3 the meaning of Rabb is explained by Allâh as follows: “Glorify the name of thy Rabb’bikal A’la (Guardian-Lord Most High), Who hath created, and further, given order and proportion; Who (i.e. Allâh) hath ordained Laws. and granted Guidance;”

[9] Recite: ‘to repeat from memory; to read aloud; to narrate’: keep in mind that Allâh had instilled Al-Qur’ân into Muhammad’s mind as stated in chapter 26 verses 192 to 194. Not quoted refer to Al-Qur’ân.

Kind regards