Any thoughts about the following.
“The revolt of the Young Turks in 1908 against the authoritarian
regime of Sultan Abdul Hamid began among the
intellectuals of Salonika. It was from there that the demand
for a constitutional regime originated. Among the leaders
of the revolution which resulted in a more modern government
in Turkey were Djavid Bey and Mustafa Kemal.
Both were ardent doenmehs. Djavid Bey became minister
of finance; Mustafa Kemal became the leader of the new
regime and he adopted the name of Atatürk. His opponents
tried to use his doenmeh background to unseat him, but
without success. Too many of the Young Turks in the
newly formed revolutionary Cabinet prayed to Allah, but
had as their real prophet Shabtai Zvi, the Messiah of
Smyrna.” Page 122 The Secret Jews / Joaichm Prinz
The Dönmeh (Turkish: Dönme) were a group of crypto-Sabbateans in the Ottoman Empire