TESTS IN THIS WORLDLY LIFE:
Question: If Allâh (God) is just, then why are some people born healthy and some with defects; some people are born in rich families, while others in poor families:
Answer: The Qur’ân states that this life is a test for the hereafter:
Qur’ân Chapter 8 v 28: “And know ye that your possessions and your progeny are but a trial and that it is Allâh with whom lies your highest reward”.
Chapter 67 verse 2: “He (i.e. Allâh) Who created Death and Life, that He (i.e. Allâh) may try (test) which of you is best in deed; and He (i.e. Allâh) is the Exalted in Might, oft-Forgiving.”
Chapter 2, verse 155: “Be sure We (i.e. Allâh) shall test you with something of fear and hunger, some loss of goods or lives or the fruits (of your toil-labor, work) but give glad tidings to those who patiently persevere”.
Chapter 63 verse 9: “O you who believe, let not your wealth nor your children divert you from the remembrance of Allâh; and whoever does that, these are the losers.”
Chapter 8 verse 28: “And know ye, that your possession and your progeny are but a trial; and that it is with Allâh with whom lays your highest reward.”
Chapter 17 verse 58. “There is not a population but We (i.e. Allâh) shall destroy it before the Day of Judgment or punish it with a dreadful penalty: that is written In the (eternal) record.”
Chapter 42 verse 30. “Whatever misfortune happens to you is because on the things your hands have wrought, and for many (of them) He (i.e. Allâh) grants Forgiveness.”
Chapter 8 verse 25. “And fear tumult or oppression, which affecteth not in particular (only) those of you who do wrong: and know that Allâh is strict in punishment.”
Chapter 6 verse 65. “Say: "He (i.e. Allâh) hath power to send calamities on you, from above and below, or to cover you with confusion in party strife, giving you a taste of mutual vengeance - each from the other." See how We (i.e. Allâh) explain the signs by various (symbols); that they may understand.”
Chapter 6 verse 67. “For every Message is a limit of time, and soon shall ye know it.”
Chapter 68 verse 44. “Then leave Me (i.e. Allâh) alone with such as reject this hadîth (message): by degrees shall We (i.e. Allâh) punish them from directions they perceive not.”
Chapter 68 verse 45. “A (long) respite will I (i.e. Allâh) grant them: truly powerful is My (i.e. Allâh’s) plan.”
Chapter 10 verse 49. “Say: "I (i.e. Muhammad) have no power over any harm or profit to myself except as Allâh willeth. To every people is a term appointed: when their term is reached, not an Hour can they cause delay, nor (an hour) can they advance (it in anticipation).”
Chapter 2 verse 155. “Be sure We (i.e. Allâh) shall test you with something of fear and hunger, some loss in goods or lives or the fruits (of your toil), but give glad tidings to those who patiently persevere,”
Chapter 2 verse 156. “Who say, when afflicted with calamity: "To Allâh we belong, and to Him (i.e. Allâh) is Our return":-
Chapter 2 verse 214. “Or do ye think that ye shall enter the Garden (of bliss) without such (trials) as came to those who passed away before you? They encountered suffering and adversity, and were so shaken in spirit that even the Messenger and those of Faith who were with him (i.e. the messenger) cried: "when (will come) the help of Allâh." Ah! Verily, the help of Allâh is (always) near!”
From the above verses we can conclude that God will definitely test every one of us.
(a) Judgement will be based upon the difficulty of the test
(b) Human beings with congenital defects are a test for their parents.
Life of this world compared to the hereafter.
Chapter 6, Verse 32: “And this world's life is naught but a play and an idle sport and certainly the abode of the hereafter is better for those who guard (against evil); do you not then understand?”
Chapter 10, Verse 24: “The likeness of this world's life is only as water which We (i.e. God) send down from the cloud, then the herbage of the earth of which men and cattle eat grows luxuriantly thereby, until when the earth puts on its golden raiment and it becomes garnished, and its people think that they have power over it, Our (i.e. God’s) command comes to it, by night or by day, so We (i.e. God) render it as reaped seed; produce, as though it had not been in existence yesterday; thus do We make clear the communications for a people who reflect.”
Chapter 28, Verse 60: “And whatever things you have been given are only a provision of this world's life and its adornment, and whatever is with God is better and more lasting; do you not then understand?”
Chapter 57 , Verse 20: “Know that this world's life is only sport and play and gaiety and boasting among yourselves, and a vying in the multiplication of wealth and children, like the rain, whose causing the vegetation to grow, pleases the husbandmen, then it withers away so that you will see it become yellow, then it becomes dried up and broken down; and in the hereafter is a severe chastisement and (also) forgiveness from God and (His) pleasure; and this world's life is naught but means of deception.”
Chapter 4 verse 78: “Wherever ye are, death will find you out, even if ye are in towers built up strong and high!” […]”
Chapter 6 verse 103: “No vision can grasp Him (i.e. Allâh), but His (i.e. Allâh’s) grasp is over all vision: He (i.e. Allâh) is above all comprehension, yet is acquainted with all things.” Chapter 112 verse 4: “And there is none like unto Him (i.e. Allâh).”
WESTERN CRITICS of the Qur’ân frequently point to the allegedly “incoherent” references to Allâh - often in one and the same phrase - as “He”, “Allâh”, “We” or “I”, with the corresponding changes of the pronoun from “His” to “Ours” or “My”, or from “Him” to “Us” or “Me”. They seem to be unaware of the fact that these changes are not accidental, and not even what one might describe as “poetic licence”, but are obviously deliberate, a linguistic device meant to stress the idea that Allâh is not a “person” and cannot, therefore, be really circumscribed by the pronouns applicable to finite beings.
AL GHAZZALI: “Allâh has got no length and breath as these are attributes of a body which is an originated thing. Its Creator existed from before it. So how would Allâh enter in a body, as Allâh existed by Himself before all originated things and there was nobody along with Him? Allâh is an All Knowing, Almighty, Willing Creator. These attributes are impossible for a body. Allâh exists by Himself without the substances of a body. Allâh is not like any worldly thing, rather He is ever living, ever-lasting, and nothing is like Him. Where is the similarity of the Creator with the created, the Fashioner with the fashioned? Hence it is impossible that anything can ever resemble Allâh!” (“The Revival of the Religious Sciences” Vol. 1)
Chapter 4 verse 135. “O ye who believe! stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allâh (God), even as against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or poor: for Allâh (God) can best protect both. Follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest ye swerve, and if ye distort (justice) or decline to do justice, verily Allâh (God) is well- acquainted with all that ye do.”
Chapter 2 verse 177. “It is not righteousness that ye turn your faces towards east or west; but it is righteousness to believe in Allâh (God) and the Last Day, and the angels, and the Book, and the Messengers; to spend of your substance, out of love for Him (God), for your kin, for orphans, for the needy, for the wayfarer, for those who ask, and for the ransom of slaves; to be steadfast in prayer, and practice regular charity; to fulfill the contracts which ye have made; and to be firm and patient in pain (or suffering) and adversity, and throughout all periods of panic. Such are the people of truth, the Allah (God) fearing.”
Compiled by: Ahmed Moosa
E. & O. E. (15 March 2016)