Book Review #2
Why Bush was Able to Mislead Americans after 9.11.
The role of Muslim Torture victims in Deceiving CIA
Qaddafi. Mubarak, Musharraf
by Kaukab Siddique, PhD
The One Percent Doctrine: Deep Inside America's Pursuit of its Enemies Since 9/11 by Ron Suskind, published by Simon & Schuster, 2006, Pp. 367, hardback $27.
Books about 9/11 have become an industry in the U.S. Almost all of them are either propaganda or aimed at making quick money for writers bent on cashing in on whatever little they might know about it. Suskind's book is very unusual in that it documents, in considerable detail, the failure of what he calls the so-called war on terror.
In this era of disinformation, one must cautiously begin by asking: Why has this book been published? It seems to be a reflection of the continuation of the conflict between Nationalism and Zionism WITHIN the American power structure. The main points made by Suskind are:
* Dick Cheyney, the Vice President of the U.S., not George Bush, is the real "mind" behind the "war on terror." Of course by now it's common knowledge that Bush is not a thinking type but believes in the projection of military power as a solution to all foreign policy issues. Suskind's contribution is to bring out Cheyney's "doctrine" for war which Bush and Rumsfeld fulfill. Its main point is that action should be taken against ANY Muslim group if there is even a one percent chance that it might be/could be helping or supporting or harboring a terrorist. Thus just about EVERY Islamic group in the world became a "potential" enemy for the U.S. Also, EVERY source of Muslim finance became, potentially, a source of funding for al-Qaida, because a ONE PERCENT chance of such help going forth is always there.
* Suskind's hero is George Tenet, the head of the CIA, whose people repeatedly brought the danger from Islamic leader Osama bin Laden to the attention of Bush and Condileeza Rice. Their warnings were ignored, in spite of being pressed on the administration. As a result the 19 Islamic fighters successfully breached U.S. security and destroyed a part of the Pentagon and both the Towers in New York, thus inflicting trillions of dollars in damage.
* Why did CIA Director Tenet stay on after his warnings had been ignored and 9.11 happened? Suskind says that immediately after 9.11, Bush could have destroyed Tenet's career by putting all the blame on him for the obvious intelligence failure and Tenet would have been scapegoated by the entire nation. As a result, Tenet became subservient to Bush and tried to meet all of the administration's demands till he could take it no longer and resigned.
* An aspect of the book which is damning for the Bush administration is Suskind's conclusion that Bush knew from CIA intelligence, as the time for his re-election neared, that Osama was NOT going to attack America a second time any time soon. Bush did not share this with the American people and got, narrowly, re-elected on the basis of the "fear" factor. Osama actually helped Bush by sending out a message just before the elections, because for Osama, a U.S. under continued Bush leadership would ensure the mobilization of the Muslim world and would continue to keep America isolated, with Israel alone as its "ally."
* Little is known of the fate of Islamic leadership level fighters from Al-Qaida who were captured during the first two years of the "war on terror" with the help of General Musharraf, Libya's Qaddafi, and Hosni Mubarak of Egypt. The U.S. tortured them with the most advanced forms of degradation which destroy human personality without leaving a mark on the body. Some of the Islamic captives who would'nt break were "rendered" to Hosni Mubarak's regime which assured the U.S. that it could break any human being.
* Torture did NOT work at all but it brought forth responses from the Islamic prisoners which created intense "terrorism" alerts within the U.S. The prisoners were telling the torturers what they wanted to hear. Some prisoners still did not break. The book provides information about the torture of the leading Islamists captured by the U.S. with the help of General Musharraf. I'll take one example:
1, On March 27, 2002 the U.S. captured Abu Zubaydah in Faisalabad, Pakistan. Only General Musharraf and a handful of Pakistani intelligence officers [ISI] were informed. Pakistani police in Faisalabad were told that it was a sweep against immigration violators. CIA, FBI and ISI were in the lead. [p.88]
1a. President Bush made a big deal of the capture of Abu Zubaydah and announced to the whole world that Abu Zubaydah was "one of the top operatives plotting and planning destruction on the United States." [p.99] However, as the CIA analyzed the computers and documents captured with Abu Zubaydah, it became clear that he was no more than a courier and a transporter of Islamic families linked to al-Qaida and certainly not a leader of armed operations. Bush then begged Tenet not to let the story out that the captured man was not really important.
"Bush said: 'I said he [abu Zubaydah] was important. You're not going to let me lose face on this, are you?'" Tenet decided to stay loyal. His reply: "No sir, Mr. President." [p.100]
1b. Then came TORTURE and the role of U.S. doctors: Abu Zubydah had been seriously injured in the battle which occurred when he was caprured. America's "finest medical professionals" were used to restore him back to health so that he could be tortured. Suskind lists the kinds of sophisticated torture used. The victim felt totally at his captors' mercy and started telling them what he thought that would like to hear.
* "Under this duress, Zubaydah told them that shopping malls were targeted by Al-Qaida." [p.114] Then he said banks were targets. Then he said, supermarkets, several at a time, would be hit. Then water systems. Then apartment buildings. Each time the U.S. carried out coast-to-coast security to protect these alleged targets. The whole thing was a fake because Abu Zubaydah was not part of Al-Qaida's armed operations and had no way of knowing anything like that.
* Jose Padilla was arrested on the word of Abu Zubyadah. Suskind claims that Padilla probably met Zubaydah in Pakistan and talked reckless talk about hitting America.
Al-Jazeerah's Role: Two important Al-Qaida leaders, Ramzi bin al-Shibh and Khalid Shaikh Muhammad, were captured directly or indirectly with the help of Al-Jazeerah's top reporter Yosri Fouda. The two gave him an interview in Karachi, Pakistan under strict rules of journalistic confidentiality. A media service which works with intelligence agencies loses all credibility, so Mr. Fouda strongly denies having turned in the two leaders he interviewed. The information about Ramzi and Khalid being located in Karachi went from Fouda first to a relative of the Emir of Qatar and then to the Emir himself who took it to CIA Director Tenet who was his personal friend.
Ramzi was subjected to every form of torture the U.S. had in its book but he didn't break although he may have gone crazy. Khalid Shaikh Muhammad too underwent torture. Finally the U.S. threatened to kill his children. This was a mistake: Khalid wouldn't speak any longer.
In spite of Al-Jazeerah, the two would still not have been captured but for the good services of General Musharraf who placed all of Pakistan at the disposal of the CIA and the FBI.
Al-Qaddafi's Story: The Bush administration claims that Qadhafi was scared of undergoing the same fate as Saddam Hussain and decided to reveal and give up Libya's nuclear weapons program. Suskind brings out quite a different story which undermines Bush's claims. Qaddafi wanted to work with the Bush people against the Islamic people [the "terrorists"] and to get off the hook about the Lockerbie tragedy by giving large sums of money to the families. Qadhafi's people gave the opening to the U.S. to investigate Pakistan's nuclear program which they claimed was offering nuclear exports to Libya and other countries.
[The book goes into details of the U.S. worries about Pakistan's nuclear outsourcing and how the Pakistani scientists were punished.]
Al-Qadhafi gave out the names of all the Islamic opponents of his regime so that the CIA could hunt them down. One of these was an operative of Al-Qaida whom the Qadhafi regime really wanted killed. The Islamic leader was Ibn al-Shaikh al-Libi [literally "the Libyan"]. Qadhafi could not reach him because he was in Pakistan. Once the CIA knew where he was, with the help of General Musharraf, al-Libi was captured. After capture, he was sent to Egypt to be tortured by Hosni Mubarak's torture expertts. However, al-Libi decided to die rather than talk when the CIA case officer threatened to find al-Libi's mother and "f..." her. [P. 76]