SO CALLED ‘DUROOD’:
Let’s begin this discourse on the subject of ‘Durood’ with the following verses which pertain to any subject / topic regarding Al-Qur’ân.
The Explanation Of Al-Qur’ân Is By Allâh Alone:
Chapter 25 verse 33: “AND NO QUESTION DO THEY BRING TO THEE (i.e. Muhammad BUT WE (i.e. Allâh) REVEAL TO THEE (i.e. Muhammad) the TRUTH AND THE AH’SANAL TAFSEER (best explanation) (thereof).”
Important: The Arabic words at the end of this verse are Ah’sanal Tafseer! Tafseer in this context and verse means Best Explanation and Interpretation. (Refer to Lane’s Lexicon). In other words the best explanation and interpretation of Al-Qur’ân is by Allâh, the author alone through Tasreef, meaning repeating the same point in various ways, as stated in chapter 17 verse 41, below.
Chapter 17 verse 41: “WE (i.e. ALLÂH) HAVE EXPLAINED (things) IN VARIOUS[i] (ways) (SÂR’RAFNÂ) IN THIS QUR’ÂN, in order that they may receive admonition, but it only increases their flight (from the Truth)!”
Muslims have been so indoctrinated and brain washed over the centuries to blindly accept that whenever the following verse of Al-Qur’ân is recited in the masjid, or any function, or anywhere, and also that when the Prophet’s name is mentioned or reference is made to him then it becomes imperative to recite ‘durood’ upon him, meaning that the listeners must invoke Allâh to bless the prophet. In this way the Muslim will receive x-number of blessing upon him/herself.
Let me quote the verse:
Chapter 33 verse 56. “Allâh and His malâ’ikah send blessings on the prophet: O ye that believe! Send ye blessings on him, and salute him (i.e. Muhammad) with all respect.”
In turn the Muslims respond by saying: the following is a rough translation of the ‘durood’- “O Allâh send peace and blessing upon the prophet!”
Now is that not making a mockery of Allâh? Allâh says in the above verse that He (i.e. Allâh) and His malâ’ikah have already send blessings, yet the indoctrinated blind masses advise Allâh to send peace and blessings upon Muhammad when Muslims should be doing so!
In chapter 37 verse 181 Allâh has stated that He (i.e. Allâh) has already placed blessings on all His messengers.
Chapter 37 verse 181. “AND PEACE ON ALL THE MESSENGERS!” (there is no distinction among His (i.e. Allâh’s) messengers as stated in Chapter 2 verse 136; Chapter 3 verse 84; Chapter 2 verse 285; Chapter 4 verses 150 to152)
Furthermore, just thirteen verse before verse 43 a similar message is given by Allâh on the believers:
Chapter 33 verse 43. “He (i.e. Allâh) it is who sends blessings on you (believers), as do His (i.e. Allâh’s) malâ’ikah, that He (i.e. Allâh) may bring you out from the depths of darkness into Light: and He (i.e. Allâh) is full of Mercy to the believers.” (there are many verse in Al-Qur’ân which states that Al-Qur’ân is the Light: eg: chapter 7 verse 157; chapter 61 verse 8; chapter 42 verse 52; chapter 7 verse 158; etc)
The verse that Allâh and His malâ’ikah sends blessing upon the believers is never quoted in conjunction with verse 56 to my knowledge, in all years that I have attended talks, lectures. Why?
How come when this verse is read Muslims do not say: ‘O Allâh send blessings on the believers?’ Is that not what we should be invoking because we do that on verse 56? Not so?
The answer to verse 56 lies in the following verses, keeping in mind that only Allâh explains His ayat and not anyone else. We know that the messenger is dead, and no matter what we say – through lip service- is of no benefit to him or even to us. However, by continuing to do as he was ordered, giving the message, we honour and assist him, which becomes a source of blessing for him as well as us. Please note that the verses below are just a few quoted and that one will have to study Al-Qur’ân with deep reflection to uncover many similar verses.
Question: How did Allâh send blessing and peace upon Muhammad during his life time?
Answer is in the following ayat:
Chapter 42 verse 52. “And thus have We (i.e. Allâh ) , by Our command, sent inspiration to thee (i.e. Muhammad): thou knewest not (before) what was wâhy (Revelation), and what was imân (faith); but We (i.e. Allâh ) have made the (Qur’ân) a Light, wherewith We (i.e. Allah) guide such of Our servants as We (i.e. Allâh ) will; and verily thou (i.e. Muhammad) dost guide (mankind) to the straight Way,”-
Chapter 28 verse 86. “And thou (i.e. Muhammad) hadst not expected that the Book (Al-Qur’ân) would be sent to thee (i.e. Muhammad) except as a Mercy from thy Rabb (Lord): therefore lend not thou (i.e. Muhammad) support in any way to those who reject Allâh's (Message).”
Chapter 93 verses 6 and 7. “Did He (i.e. Allâh) not find thee (i.e. Muhammad) an orphan and give thee (i.e. Muhammad) shelter (and care)? And He (i.e. Allâh) found thee (i.e. Muhammad) wandering, and He (i.e. Allâh) gave thee (i.e. Muhammad) guidance.”
Chapter 8 verses 62 to 64. “Should they intend to deceive thee (i.e. Muhammad),- verily Allâh sufficeth thee (i.e. Muhammad): He (i.e. Allâh ) it is that hath Strengthened thee (i.e. Muhammad) with His (i.e. Allâh’s) aid and with (the company of) the Believers; and (moreover) He (i.e. Allâh) hath put affection between their hearts: not if thou (i.e. Muhammad) hadst spent all that is in the earth, couldst thou have produced that affection, but Allâh hath done it: for He (i.e. Allâh ) is Exalted in Might, Wise. O Messenger, sufficient unto thee (i.e. Muhammad) is Allâh, - (unto thee) and unto those who follow thee (i.e. Muhammad) among the believers.”
Chapter 9 verse 100. “The vanguard (of Islam) - the first of those (i.e. Muhajirs) who forsook (their homes) and of those who gave them aid (i.e. Ansar), and (also) those who follow them in (all) good deeds, - well- pleased is Allâh with them, as are they with Him (i.e. Allah): for them hath He (i.e. Allâh) prepared Gardens under which rivers flow, to dwell therein for ever: that is the Supreme felicity.”
Chapter 33 verse 23. “Among the believers (i.e. Muhajirs and Ansar) are men who have been true to their Covenant with Allâh. Of them some have completed their vow (to the extreme), and some (still) wait: but they have never changed (their determination) in the least:”
Chapter 48 verse 29. “Muhammad is the messenger of Allâh. And those (i.e. Muhajirs and Ansar who are with him (i.e. Muhammad) are strong against unbelievers, (but) compassionate amongst each other. Thou wilt see them bow and prostrate themselves (in prayer), seeking Grace from Allâh and (His) good Pleasure. On their faces are their marks, (being) the traces of their prostration. This is their similitude in the At-Taûrat; and their similitude in the Al-Injeel, is like a seed which sends forth its blade, then makes it strong; it then becomes thick, and it stands on its own stem, (filling) the sowers with wonder and delight. As a result, it fills the unbelievers with rage at them. Allâh has promised those among them who believe and do righteous deeds forgiveness, and a great reward.”
Chapter 3 verse 13. “There has already been for you a sign in the two armies that met (in combat): one was fighting in the cause of Allâh, the other resisting Allâh. These saw with their own eyes twice their number. But Allâh doth support with His aid whom He (i.e. Allâh) pleaseth. In this is a warning for such as have eyes to see.”
The above verses / ayat are clear in themselves that Allâh guided and assisted Muhammad with true believers (i.e. Muhajirs and Ansar and that even if Muhammad had done everything possible with might and main he would not have been able to join their hearts together; but Allâh did that through the medium of the malâ’ikah! (cf: chapter 33 verse 56)
Now taking the above ayat in context we now understand when Allâh says He (i.e. Allah) send peace and blessings on Muhammad that is how Allâh sent the help Muhammad needed in carrying out his mission. The following ayat (verses) explain that mission that was entrusted to him:
Chapter 5 verse 67. O Messenger. Proclaim the (message of Al- Qur’ân) which hath been sent to thee (i.e. Muhammad) from Thy Rabb (Lord). If thou (i.e. Muhammad) didst not, thou (i.e. Muhammad) wouldst not have fulfilled and proclaimed His (i.e. Allah’s) mission. And Allâh will defend thee (i.e. Muhammad) from men (who mean mischief). For Allâh guides not those who reject Faith.”
Chapter 41 verse 33. “Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allâh , works righteousness, and says, "I am of those who bow in Islam”
Chapter 6 verse 19. “Say: “What thing is Most weighty in evidence?" Say: Allâh is witness between me (i.e. Muhammad) and you; this Qur’ân hath been revealed to me (i.e. Muhammad) by wâhy (inspiration), that I (i.e. Muhammad) may warn you and all whom it reaches. Can ye possibly bear witness that besides Allâh there is another God ." Say: "Nay! I (i.e. Muhammad) cannot bear witness!" Say: "But in truth He is the one Allâh, and I (i.e. Muhammad) truly am innocent of (your blasphemy of) joining others with Him."
Chapter 42 verse 48. “If then they run away, We (i.e. Allah) have not sent thee (i.e. Muhammad) as a guard over them. Thy (i.e. Muhammad’s) duty is but to convey (the Message). And truly, when We (i.e. Allah) give man a taste of a Mercy from Ourselves, he doth exult thereat, but when some ill happens to him, on account of the deeds which his hands have sent forth, truly then is man ungrateful!”
Chapter 8 verse 27: “O ye that believe! Betray not the Trust (i.e.Al-Qur’ân) of Allâh and the messenger (i.e. Muhammad), […]”
There are numerous such verses.
Now how are the believers to carry out the command in chapter 33 verse 56? Surely not by lip service! Here are the verses that explain this verse which is one of the most misunderstood verses in the whole Qur’ân!
Chapter 7 verse 157. “Those who follow the messenger, the unlettered Prophet, whom they find mentioned in their own (scriptures),- in the At-Taûrat and the Al-Injeel;- for he (i.e. Muhammad) commands them what is just and forbids them what is evil; he (i.e. Muhammad) allows them as lawful what is good (and pure) and prohibits them from what is bad (and impure); he (i.e. Muhammad) releases them from their heavy burdens and from the yokes that are upon them. So it is those who believe in him, honour him, help him, and follow the Light which is sent down with him (i.e. Muhammad), - it is they who will prosper.”
Chapter 48 verse 9. “In order that ye (o mankind) may believe in Allâh and His Messenger (i.e. Muhammad) and that ye may assist and honour him (i.e. Muhammad), and celebrate His (i.e. Allâh’s) Praises morning and evening.”
Chapter 7 verse 158. “O Mankind! I (i.e. Muhammad) am sent unto you all, as the Messenger of Allâh, to whom belongeth the dominion of the heavens and the earth: there is no god but He: it is He (i.e. Allah) that giveth both life and death. So believe in Allâh and His Messenger, the unlettered Prophet (i.e. Muhammad), who believeth in Allâh and His words: follow him that (so) ye may be guided.”
Chapter 21 verse 25: Not a messenger did We (i.e. Allâh) send before thee (i.e. Muhammad) without this inspiration sent by Us (i.e. Allâh) to him: that there is no god but I (i.e. Allâh); therefore worship and serve Me (i.e. Allâh).”
Chapter 6 verse 155: “And this is a Book (i.e. Qur’ân) which We (i.e. Allâh) have Revealed as a Blessing: so follow IT (i.e. Qur’ân) and be righteous, that ye may receive mercy.”
Chapter 43 verse 44: “This (i.e. Qur’ân) is indeed the message, for thee (i.e. Muhammad) and for thy people; and soon shall ye (all) be brought to account.”
So to honour Muhammad is to help him, and as believers it becomes our bounden duty to present the message of Al-Qur’ân to mankind as he was ordered to do. That is what it means to send blessings to him as the following verse informs us: (cf: chapter 6 verse 33; chapter 18 verse 6; chapter 12 verse 103; chapter 4 verse 41; chapter 25 verse 30 etc)
Chapter 4 verse 85. “Whoever recommends and helps a good cause becomes a partner therein: and whoever recommends and helps an evil cause, shares in its burden: and Allâh hath power over all things.”
Coming to chapter 33 verse 43 regarding the believers: how Allâh sends blessings upon the believers:
Chapter 48 verse 4. “It is He (i.e. Allah) who sent down tranquillity into the hearts of the believers, that they may add imân (faith) to their imân (faith);- for to Allâh belong the forces of the heavens and the earth; and Allâh is full of knowledge and Wisdom;”-
Chapter 14 verse 1. “Alif. Lam. Ra. a Book which We (i.e. Allah) have revealed unto thee (i.e. Muhammad), in order that thou (i.e. Muhammad) mightest lead mankind out of the depths of darkness into light - by the leave of their Rabb (Lord) - to the way of (Allâh) the Exalted in power, worthy of all praise!”-
Chapter 14 verse 52. “Here is a Message for mankind: let them take warning there from, and let them know that He (i.e. Allah) is (no other than) one Allâh . Let men of understanding take heed.”
There are more than ninety verses in Al-Qur’ân that state Muhammad must deliver the message to mankind. He (i.e. Muhammad) is no longer alive, so we as believers, as stated above, must assist him to disseminate the message to mankind he was given and that is what is meant in chapter 33 verse 56. Not lip service and making a mockery by saying to Allâh to send peace and blessings by words!
The above is just a very brief summary. Please do your own research.
Compiled by: Ahmed Moosa
Cape Town (19 February 2019)