Part III: Notes and references.
*The Qur’an nowhere mentions a human soul, spirit or spirituality.
**Eve (the original Hebrew word, Hawwaa) means “life spring”.
***Aadam = Adam = Man. His wife = Woman. Udma = Ability to live together as a community. Aadam from Udma thus, indicates humankind. The word “Eve” or Hawwa is not mentioned in the Qur’an. She is described with dignity as Mer’a-til-Aadam = Adam’s Zaujah = Wife, Consort, Mate of Adam = Mrs. Adam.
**** Satan = The straying Ego = Selfish desires = Desire that rebels against the higher controls of sound
judgment = Emotions that overpower Permanent Moral Values = Intrinsic or extrinsic evil prompting = Negative peer pressure = Violent emotions = Self-glorification = Anything distant from goodness and progress = False pride = A rumor monger = Fiery temperament = Slanderer = A hinderer of good = He who
spreads corruption and disorder on earth = Anyone who impels others into violating Divine Commands = A hinderer of good = Bad companionship = One who deceives or charms people into violating Divine laws = Any being or influence that alienates humans from the Creator = One who distances itself from Divine grace.
- QXPvi by Dr. Shabbir Ahmed
- Good News Bible
- The Amplified Bible
- Eastons Bible Dictionary by M. G. Eastons