"This is why Muhammad had flown to Jerusalem in an elaborate dream to lay the foundation for mutual love and coexistence of the Muslims, the Christians and the Jews."
Most of your post is waffle and the last line demonstrates that you have not understood the Qur'an. There was no physical flight, there was no visionary/spiritual flight, there was no dream flight! IQRA:
The Fairy Tale Exposed
To begin with the demolition of this fairy tale I would like to quote, as usual, from that most misunderstood of books, the Qur’an (remember it, top shelf, wrapped in fine silks, revered but not remembered with meaning and understanding...?).
17:1 Glorious is He Who initiated the migration of His servant by night, from the Sacred Masjid to the Remote Masjid whose environment We did bless that We may show him some of Our signs (ayat in Arabic). He is the Hearer, the Seer. [20:23. Signs that the Divine System will begin to prevail from there]
This has been misunderstood and the fantastic story of our beloved Messenger going to Jerusalem and then "up to" heaven added to Muslim beliefs. Many translators of the Qur’an put the name Jerusalem in brackets after the words "farthest place" which is not there in the Arabic, so their only intention is to mislead. Also, the Qur’an uses the word "ayat" which is translated as "signs" but ayats are the verses of the Qur’an and we know that part of the revelation of this Book was given while the Messenger was in Medina. The word "signs" can also be used to show the implementation of the Qur’anic System written in Allah's Book. When the Qur’an says that we should approach it in a state of cleanliness this means of the mind and not just washing the physical body. Hence, we have to read the pure Qur’an without any of the preconceived notions that distort its meaning; purity of mind.
Why would the Messenger need to receive instructions for praying when he had received the whole of the Qur’an in a process that is called "Wahi" which is best described as "inspiration"? To speak to Moses and Jesus while up in heaven and have Allah looking as if He does not understand how many times humanity can pray in a day or how long he can fast for, turns Muslims into a people of mindless fairy tale believers. The Miraj story has Allah not knowing that mankind cannot spend the whole of the day praying or all of the year fasting but is corrected by His own Messengers, Abraham, Jesus and Moses. These same Messengers were given wisdom and knowledge by Allah who then has them teaching Him!!!!!!! Does this make Allah All-knowing, and All-wise or does it reflect badly on those who associate such nonsense to Him?
20:52"...My Lord never errs, nor forgets"
The words of the Qur’an slam the fabricated story into the fires of hell.
The mosque in Jerusalem is indeed called Al Aqsa but this mosque was built over one hundred years after the Messenger’s death so could not be the Al Aqsa that is mentioned in the Qur’an. Al Aqsa means "safe haven far away" and does not describe, by itself, a physical object or place but an environment where Islam was preached and practiced. Also, the word "ASRA" has been understood to mean night flight which is flapping one’s wings, or that of a winged horse, on a journey to the stars. In Surah 20 verse 77 and Surah 26 verse 52 they have the same word to describe the exit of Moses and the children of Israel from Egypt, at night, that is fled at night:
20:77"Take away My slaves by night and strike for them a dry path in the sea" 26:52 "Take away my slaves by night, for you will be pursued"
Properly understanding the words Al Aqsa and Asra gives us a clear meaning to the above verse in Surah 17, the Messenger left Mecca, the area of Haraam around the Kabah, at night to go to a place of safety. Any Muslim can tell you that this event was the start of the Muslim calendar at the time of the Hijra! The Messenger left Mecca at night and journeyed (he actually "fled" the city because there was an apparent plot to kill him) to Medina where he was able to teach and practice Islam to the people. He built a mosque where he conducted all of his and the community’s activities based on the Qur’an. Islam as a way of life was shown to the unbelievers, the "signs," as quoted above, were the revelation of the Qur’an and how to implement the practical Islam system. The Messenger and his companions were normal human beings and so they proved that Islam was not a theoretical ideology but a reality, a true Deen, way of life. A woman could ride unmolested from one side of the Islamic world to the other during this period of "safety" and this is what is being inferred to by this verse as well.