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Shashi Tharoor is a brilliant Indian politician and thinker. However, "Maulana" Syed Abul Hasan Nadwi of Lucknow (d.1999) summed up the entire discussion in his monumental work, QADIYANIAT: MUTAL'A WA JAAEZA as follows.
My translation from Arabic to English: "The British in India were not only Godforsaken (Khuda Na-taras) cruel rulers, they were torch bearers of a civilization that was a fountain of bloody crimes and moral turpitude. .................... They were a professionally criminal nation whose social and political crimes on Indian Muslims are an everlasting blot on their face."