Dear enlightened friends,
I hear almost everyday people saying and thinking that if a murderer is hanged to death, justice has been done. Is it really so? Capital punishment or nothing can bring back a departed soul. Am I right?
I think, true justice can only be attained when a society eliminates violent crimes including murder. Utopia?
Qisaas = The state’s duty of tracing an offender for just recompense.
2:178 (Security of life is the cornerstone of a civilized society.) O You who have chosen to be graced with belief! The Law of Just Recompense (Qisaas) has been prescribed for you in dealing with murder. If a free person has committed murder, that free person will face the law. If a servant has committed murder, that servant will face the law. And if a woman has committed murder, that woman will face the law. If the victim’s kin pardons the guilty, the murderer must be appreciative and pay an equitable compensation to the kin in handsome gratitude. This pardon is a concession and mercy from your Lord. Whoever, after this, trespasses this laws will have an awful doom in the Court of God. [Equitable compensation takes into account the financial situation of the accused. For unintentional murder and other details, see 4:92-93, 5:32, 17:33, 42:40. Color, creed, race, status or gender of the victim or the offender will have no bearing before the Justice System]
2:179 There is (protection of) life for you in the Law of Just Recompense, O You who use your intellect! This is so that you may live in security. [So, ‘Qisaas’ is a deterrent and not revenge]
4:92 It is not conceivable that a believer will slay another believer unless it be by mistake. If one kills a believer by mistake, there is the duty of freeing a believing person from bondage; may it be slavery, extreme poverty, crushing debt or oppression. And pay compensation to the victim's family unless they forgo it by way of charity. In case the victim was a believer, and belonged to a tribe who are at war with you, free a believing person from bondage. If the victim was a believer, and belonged to a tribe with whom you have a peace treaty, you should pay the compensation to his family in addition to freeing a believing person from bondage. For those who find this settlement beyond their means, two consecutive months of ‘Saum’ are ordained by way of repentance from God. God is the Knower, the Wise. [‘Saum’ 2:183. The State will help if the violator is old, sick or poor. 4:64]
4:93 Whoever slays a believer intentionally, his or her punishment is Hell to abide therein, God will reject him and an awful suffering is prepared for him. [Unjust killing of any human being, regardless of color, creed, religion or sex is a grievous offense that is tantamount to slaying the entire humankind. So, the offender shall be punished accordingly. Intentional murder of any human being is also a crime against the State, therefore, the State would be responsible for tracing, and bringing the offender to justice. Qisaas = The duty of tracing an offender for just recompense. 2:178, 5:32-33]