THE FACTS ABOUT ABU HURAIRA, r.a., beloved STUDENT OF MUHAMMAD, pbuh:
[Ed. note: r.a. = radi Allah unh =Allah be pleased with him.]
[pbuh = peace be on him. ]
Research by Kaukab Siddique, PhD
There can be no doubt that Muhammad Mustafa, the final messenger of Allah, pbuh, loved Abu Huraira, r.a. and in turn Abu Huraira, r.a., loved Muhammad, pbuh, more than anyone or anything in the world.
Abu Huraira, r.a., along with 70 others from the Banu Dos tribe, embraced Islam and did Hijrah to join forces with Muhammad, pbuh.
Abu Huraira, r.a., left everything in the world to embrace the Prophet, pbuh. He took his mother and his slave with him on the journey to Madinah leaving everything else behind. When he reached Madinah, he found that the Prophet, pbuh, was in Khaibar, fighting a Jewish tribe.
Abu Huraira, r.a., joined the Prophet, pbuh, in the final days of the battle at Khaibar, in the 7th year of the Hijrah. His first act on meeting the Prophet, pbuh, was TO FREE HIS SLAVE. Islam teaches the freeing the slaves and Abu Huraira, r.a., started his life with the Prophet, pbuh, by freeing his slave.
The Prophet, pbuh, took Abu Huraira, r.a., with him on a series of Jihad expeditions immediately after the battle of Khaibar. Some eyewitness narrations of these expeditions by Abu Huraira, r.a., are available in Hadith and in early history books.The purpose was to ward off attacks by Jewish and other tribes which were moving to attack the Muslims. For instance there is a narration by Abu Huraira about the expedition of Wadi al-Qurra in Tabari's TARIKH, vol. 3. A very severe expedition was that of Zaat ar-raqa'a. Some details in Bukhari's Sahih indicate that there were only one camel for six mujahideen. They rode by turns and the rough terrain tore up the the feet of the Sahaba. Abu Huraira, r.a., prayed Salatul Khauf with the Prophet, pbuh, on this expedition.
[Bukhari's Sahih, vol. 2]
Abu Huraira, r.a., then took part in major Islamic moves by the Prophet's, pbuh, army, including the CONQUEST of MAKKA, 8 Hijri, BATTLE of HUNAIN,, and in the expedition of TABOOK, 9 Hijri. Tabook was very difficult and required a journey of 350 miles in severe summer weather which challenged the Romans for 20 days and foiled their attack plans.
[See Bukhari's Sahih, vol. 2, for Abu Huraira's participation.]
After these major moves, the Prophet, pbuh, also sent out Abu Huraira, r.a., in smaller raids to stop various threats. On one such occasion, the Prophet, pbuh, said to Abu Huraira, r.a.: "I put you under Allah's Trust and safeguard and He is the one whose Trust is never wasted."
[ Sunan of Ibn Maja, vol.2]
During the Caliphate of Abu Bakr, 'Umar and 'Usman [Allah be pleased with all three], Abu Huraira, r.a., continued to participate in Jihad. One of the HISTORY CHANGING battles in Islamic history was the BATTLE OF YARMOUK which brought down the power of the Roman empire. The historian Ibn Asakir in his Tarikh Damishq writes that the Banu Azd, with its sub group of the Banu Dos, with Abu Huraira, r.a., in its core, was on the RIGHT WING of the Islamic army. The huge Roman army attacked and the outnumbered Muslims would have been wiped out but for the leadership of great companions of the Prophet, pbuh, such as Abu Huraira. Ibn Asakir quotes Abu Huraira, r.a., as he rallied the mujahideen. Abu Huraira said:
"O valiant believers! The hoories of Paradise are awaiting you. Prepare yourself to meet them. Prepare to gain the approach to Allah and to be accepted by Allah. At this time, no place is dearer to Allah than the one where you are standing."
The ferocious Roman onslaught was beaten back. At that point, another 20,000 Romans attacked the small group led by Abu Huraira, r.a. Khalid ibn al-Waleed, r.a., the overall commander of the Islamic army noted the severe pressure on the right wing of his forces. He launched an all out attack on the Romans and routed them. Yarmouk changed the history of the Middle East for ever.
Other historians, Ibn Athir, Ibn Kathir, have noted the participation of Abu Huraira in Jihad as far away as Jilan and Jurjan during the Caliphate of 'Usman, r.a.
This beloved companion of the Prophet, pbuh, is under attack by the sectarians .
WHY DO THESE PEOPLE HATE ABU HURAIRA, r.a.?
For the sectarians there seems to be an element of jealousy that Abu Huraira, r.a., came into the Islamic struggle in its final years and equalled, if not surpassed , most companions of the Prophet, pbuh, in many ways, and in particular in the narration of the Prophet's Hadith.
Abu Huraira, r.a., remained neutral in the conflict between hazrat Ali and Ameer Muawiya as well as in the confrontation between hazrat Ali and 'Ayesha Siddiqa, r.a. Like Hasan,r.a., the elder son of Ali, r.a., Abu Huraira opposed the inter-Muslim conflicts.
The sectarians believe that hazrat Ali spoke against Abu Huraira, r.a. There is no such evidence. There are a couple of statements attributed to Ali, r.a., against Abu Huraira, but these are fabrications produced much after both Ali and Abu Huraira had passed away.
In the sectarian attack distributed by Syed Jarchavi, the person named Awan claims that Abu Huraira, r.a., was "hired" by Muawiyya. This is a figment of Awan's imagination. Most modern readers would not know that during the rule of Ameer Muawiyya there was PEACE AND UNITY in the Muslim realm. Imam Hasan had made peace with Ameer Muawiyya and a spirit of cooperation existed among all segments of society. There was no question of anyone "hiring" Abu Huraira, r.a.