Our Beacon Forum

TSQ: THUS SPEAKS THE QUR'AN - 5
By:Dr Shabbir, Florida
Date: Thursday, 8 November 2018, 9:04 pm

Another very significant factor has been playing its role almost
unnoticed. The Quran has been, perceptibly and imperceptibly,
making a Universal impact on human civilization during the last
fourteen centuries. The celebrated French surgeon, thinker and
historian, Robert Briffault (1876-1978), has very convincingly
elaborated this fact in his remarkable work, "The Making of
Humanity."

The Quran Is On The March
“The ideas that inspired the French Revolution and the Declaration of
Rights that guided the framing of the American Constitution and inflamed
the struggle for independence in the Latin American countries [and
elsewhere] were not inventions of the West. They find their ultimate
inspiration and source in the Holy Koran.” ….“The Renaissance of Europe
did not take place in the 15th century. Rather it began when Europe learned
from the culture of the Arabs. The cradle of European awakening is not
Italy. It is the Muslim Spain.” (Robert Briffault, The Making of Humanity)
1. Despotism: At the time of the advent of Islam in 610 CE, kings and
tyrants were ruling countries, nations, and tribes. There was no idea of
human liberty, equality, and rule of law. The Quran uprooted tyranny
with one stroke of pen:
No person has the right to command obedience of people even though he
is a messenger of God. [3:79]
Command belongs to God alone and all His commands are given in the
Quran. [6:57] So, a truly Islamic government will not rule, it will only
implement those laws.
Now, look at recent history. Isn't the world moving away from despotism,
kingdoms and autocracies?
2. Democracy: It is often claimed that Bacon, Rousseau, Locke and other
European thinkers laid down the foundations of modern democracy. But
the Quran had decreed fourteen centuries ago:
The affairs of the believers are a matter of counsel. [42:38]
Muslim rulers were elected and then obtained allegiance of the masses.
(Ironically, autocratic rule today is seen mostly among countries that call
themselves Muslim. This is another instance of the Muslims' departure
from the Quran).
3. Human worship: The exalted Messenger broke the idols of personalities.
The greatest man who ever walked this earth kept repeating,
"I am but a mortal like you.” [18:110]
Since the exalted Messenger's advent, human worship has been dwindling
throughout the world.
4. Racism: Fourteen centuries ago, the whole world was drenched in
racism. Aristotle taught around 500 BC that the Greeks were superior to all
nations. He ‘owned’ 40 slaves and brought 40 kinds of logic in support of
slavery. The Romans divided their own people among classes. There were
about eight slaves per Roman elite. India demonstrated racism to an
extreme degree; a newborn's whole life depended on whether he was born
into a Brahman (priest), Khatri (soldier), Vaish (businessman), or Shudra
(untouchable) family.
Muhammad (S) toppled the world of false traditions, "There is no
superiority of a black over a white or a white over a black. All of you belong
to the same single stock. The best among you is the one who is best in
conduct." [Farewell Address, 49:13]
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Who is the considered the greatest leader of these times? It is Nelson
Mandela, who fought and won the battle against apartheid.
5. Human Rights: Here I suggest that the reader examine three most
celebrated documents on human rights:
• The British Magna Carta (1215 CE)
• The American Constitution (1787 CE)
• The United Nations Charter of Human Rights (1945)
Then study only the brief "Farewell Sermon" of the exalted Messenger
Muhammad and compare. The intelligently written human documents seem
to pale in comparison to just one sermon of Muhammad (S).
The Quran had declared in the 7th century, "Indeed, We have conferred
dignity on all children of Adam” (regardless of where the child is born).
[17:70]
6. The Caste System: The exalted Messenger declared and established
human brotherhood and equality by personal example. He belonged to
the noblest of tribes and families. Yet, he humbly repeated "I am a
mortal just like you." He further advised his closest family members that
being a relative of Muhammad will be of no avail to them. He established
that the only criterion of superiority among men and women will be their
character (or conduct). Color, creed, family, gender or wealth would not
impart honor to any individual.
Now which way is the world moving?
7. Slavery: The exalted Messenger shook up the so-called masters of men:
"Their mothers had born them free. How could you enslave them? What
if you were made their slaves and they were made your masters!"
The Quran, while explicitly pronouncing equality and brotherhood of all
humans, ordered to "Free all captives and slaves for ransom or better as
kindness." There is no third option. [47:4] The emancipation of slaves (male
and female) took place without shedding a drop of blood. It was a noble
revolution in the hearts of people. Without the Divine Light, the 19th
century America, even under the great leadership of Abraham Lincoln, had
to sacrifice one million dead and wounded attempting to abolish slavery!
8. Priesthood: At the dawn of Islam, priesthood was the worst oppressor
of humanity. They were considered to possess infinite occult powers.
They enjoyed greater authority than the kings did. They could condemn
the "Children of God" to be hanged, crucified or burnt alive!
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The Quran proclaimed that God is the only Knower of the Unseen. [72:26]
There is no medium between man and God because He is “closer to him
than the Vena Cava." [50:16]
9. Womens' Rights: In the times when women were considered the property
of men and were treated worse than slaves; when "Eve" and "evil" were
considered synonymous and a woman was a "shameful load of sin", when
Christian conferences were discussing questions such as
- Does woman have a soul? - Is she human? - Will she be resurrected?
The Quran declared:
O’ Men & Women! You have a common origin. [4:1]
“… All of you, men and women, belong to the same single stock.” [49:13]
The believers, both men and women, are colleagues one of another. [9:71]
"Women have rights unto you as you have rights unto them." [2:187]
"Every person will be rewarded according to one's actions, male or
female." [4:32]
And the exalted Prophet taught:
- Paradise lies at the feet of your mothers.
- The best among you is the one who is best to his wife.
- O’ Men! You will be questioned about your treatment of women.
On the other hand, the New Testament still teaches: "Let the woman learn
in silence . . . She is to keep silent . . . Adam was not deceived but the
woman was deceived and became a transgressor. (Timothy 2:11-15).
"The head of every man is Christ, the head of a woman is her husband …
for if a woman will not veil herself then she should have her head shaved …
woman [was created] for man" (Corinthians 11:3-10).
It is interesting to note that women gained the right to vote in 1920 in the
USA. When did Muslim women attain it? In the 7th century!
10. Science: While Europe was struggling through the Dark Ages, Muslims
were performing scientific miracles under the Quranic teaching that natural
laws had been made subservient to man. 2:34] Here is one of the scores of
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amazing scientific facts given in the Quran in the seventh century that were
unknown to mankind even in the 1900s: The sun was always thought to be
stationary in the center of the solar system. The Quran had, however,
revealed 1400 years ago, "The sun is moving along toward its appointed
destination." [36:38]. Only in the 20th century, science discovered that the
sun is moving toward a specific destination at 43,200 miles per hour!
“Roger Bacon owed his illumination to the Muslim Moors of Spain. The
great figures of European Renaissance could see further because they
stood on the shoulders of the giants of the Muslim world. …. Those
achievements represent what the Muslim world has been in the past. They
also point to what it could become in the future.” (Richard Nixon - Nixon's
Ten Commandments)
11. Nationalism: Arnold Toynbee in his celebrated 1952 work, “The World
and the West”, called nationalism a form of idol worship. In his writings
and lectures he repeatedly urged the world leadership to break this idol.
After all, who is unaware of the devastation caused to our planet by the
World Wars I and II? Nationalism was the obvious root cause of this
massive trauma to humanity.
Years before Toynbee, Sir Muhammad Iqbal, on the authority of the Quran,
called nationalism "the modern idol that mankind has sculpted". Fourteen
hundred years ago, the Quran had ordained all mankind to be one nation.
[2:213, 10:19 and many more verses] That announcement left no room for
manmade geographical boundaries.
12. Pragmatism: At the dawn of Islam, Greeks were the torchbearers of
knowledge in the world but the Greek knowledge rested on theory and
logic. Experimentation had no place in their system of learning. Aristotle
had written that women were deficient in intellect because they had only 28
teeth. He never even bothered to look! He also stated that an egg would
perpetually float in the ocean! It was only Islam that taught mankind of the
necessity of testing a theory or ideology by way of experimentation.
17:36 And you shall not follow blindly any information of which you have
no direct knowledge. (Using your faculties of perception and conception)
you must verify it for yourself. In the Court of your Lord, you will be held
accountable for your hearing, sight, and the faculty of reasoning.