The What & Why Of The Universe:
It is often said that great minds think alike. Quite a few brilliant minds in the
West, at the height of their intellectual inquiry, seem to come close to the
glorious concepts, principles, and ideals of Divine intelligence given in the
Quran. For example:
“I think, therefore I am.”
– Rene Descartes (1590 to 1650, French philosopher)
Descartes’ ability to think proved to him and others that his existence was
real. Most simply, this demolishes the false dogmas of "Wahdat al-Wujud"
(Unity of being), Mysticism, Pantheism, and Sufism all of which deny the
real existence of everything but God.
Plato thought of the Universe as ‘a reflection of ideas', “The real existence
is only of the World of Ideas. All that we see around us is an image of that
Great Hindu philosophers thought of the Universe as God’s dream, “Lord
Brahma is dreaming in a deep slumber. The dream is this Universe and the
day He wakes up, it would be the end of the show.” Some thought of God
as “Nut Rajan”, the Great Player: “The Universe is a toy and Lord Rama is
playing with it.” Said a little differently by philosopher Manu, “The Cosmos
is Ramji’s ‘leela’ (doll) and Ramji is playing with her.” [Pandit Jawahar Lal
Nehru, Sir William Muir, the governor of UP during the 1860s]
The Quran states that the entire Universe, including mankind, has a real
existence. It has been created for a definite purpose, not in mere play. And
it runs according to permanent, immutable Divine laws. So, water flows
down-stream, gravity pulls, fire is hot, ice is cold, things float on water or
sink in accordance with their specific gravity, planets revolve in their
assigned orbits, all living beings face death, night and day alternate,
opposite poles attract, like poles repel, actions have reactions, metals are
good conductors of heat and electricity while non-metals are not, magnet
will pull iron and leave aside wood, elements will always have fixed
densities and boiling and freezing points, heat expands, cold contracts, all
things are made of atoms, and so on.
When we discover any of such laws, we call it science. If the physical laws
in Nature were to keep changing, no science would have been possible.
God creates His laws in the World of Command as He wills. Then He
implements these laws in the World of Creation (Universe or Nature).
Although the all Powerful God can change these laws, He never does.
Therefore, nothing ‘supra-natural’, ‘supra-rational’ or ‘supernatural’
happens in the Universe. What is called ‘chance’, something incredible,
unexplainable, or a ‘miracle’ today, becomes easily comprehensible
tomorrow as we advance in knowledge.
[“One who disbelieves in miracles, is an infidel; one who believes in them,
is a fool.” - Talmud]
The Universe is an absolute reality …. It has been created for a definite
purpose …. Not for mere play …. It has been designed such that everything
in it must become what it is meant to be …. And that every action gets a
just recompense …. Universal laws never change or deviate.
10:5 …. God has created the Universe as the absolute reality and for a
definite purpose. …
35:43 No change you will ever find in the laws of God, and no
deviation you will ever find in them ….. [6:34, 6:116, 10:64, 17:77,
18:27, 33:38, 33:62, 35:43, 40:85, 48:23]
7:54 …. Remember! To Him belongs the World of Creation, and to
Him belongs the World of Command. Exalted is God, the Lord of the
Worlds. [10:3, 11:7, 13:2, 25:59, 50:38, 57:4, See 41:10]
18:27 …. None can alter His Words …. [His laws in Theory
(Kalimaatillah), and His laws in Practice as implemented in the
Universe (Sunnatillah), never change. 6:34, 6:116, 10:64, 17:77, 18:27,
33:38, 33:62, 40:85, 48:23]
21:16 We have not created the heavens and the earth and all that is
between them in mere play, without purpose. [11:7, 45:22, 53:31]
45:22 God has created the heavens and earth with a definite purpose,
and every ‘self’ shall be compensated for what it has earned. And no
injustice will be done to them.
Just as the Divine laws govern the Universe, they also govern our physical
Why Not Let The Divine Laws Govern Our Conduct As Well? Guess What?
That Is What Islam Is.
This is another beauty of the Quran: It rationally negates all superstitions
and false dogmas of the past, present and future. There is not a single
intellectual inquiry that the brightest human mind could raise and its
answer is not already given in the Book.
Another very significant factor has been playing its role almost
unnoticed. The Quran has been, perceptibly and imperceptibly,
making a Universal impact on human civilization during the last
fourteen centuries. The celebrated French surgeon, thinker and
historian, Robert Briffault (1876-1978), has very convincingly
elaborated this fact in his remarkable work, "The Making of