The founding fathers of Pakistan, Allama Iqbal (1877-1938) and Quaid-e-Azam (great leader) Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948), were exceptional visionaries.
Muslims had ruled Pak-India subcontinent for 850 years until 1857 when the British imperialism took control of the subcontinent. [The British East India Company had seeped in the late 17th century on behest of trade.]
Hindus have always remained a vast majority of 70% in the subcontinent. Inspite of being subjects, Hindus ruled the roost and considered 25% Muslims and 3% Christians as Untouchables. While Muslims believed usury was HARAM, Hindus mostly ran the money lending business as SAHUKARS with lofty interest rates which always made them rich.
The first benefactor of Indian Muslims was Sir Syed Ahmed Khan (1817-1898). He convinced Muslims to maintain their separate identity and achieve independence from the British. Motivated by Iqbal, Jinnah, known as the best lawyer in the British Empire, started his relentless struggle of independence in 1937. The WWII was weakening the British while the independence movement in India was accelerating. The clever fox Gandhi conspired with the British that power would be transferred to Hindus alone. Sir Syed and Iqbal had foreseen the sinister situation. The ailing Iqbal was a great philosopher, poet and scholar and he had shared his vision with the brilliant Jinnah who had already reached the same conclusion.
Since 1857, fearing rebellion from Muslims, the British had been trying to subdue them. The British and Hindus together empowered Mullahs to keep Muslims regressed by way of education, jobs and wealth. They even raised a false prophet, *Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani (1835-1908). Being encouraged by the British and Hindus, Mullahs strongly opposed the creation of Pakistan. Jinnah was a highly charismatic, intelligent, honest and popular leader. All Mullah parties joined hands in vehemently opposing Jinnah and his Muslim League. But stars do not shine in the presence of the sun.
Jinnah's League won a landslide victory in the 1946 elections and Pakistan became a resounding reality on 14th August 1947. Jinnah announced that Pakistan would never be a theocracy.
NOW THE TRAGEDY: Hundreds of the hard core Mullahs who had fought tooth and nail to stop the invincible Jinnah, immediately migrated to Pakistan along with millions of their followers.
With governments becoming corrupt and weak after Jinnah unfortunately, theocracy gained more and more street power in Pakistan although they have always miserably lost elections for 71 years.
I think I might have answered your query. Anything missing, please ask me :-)
Salam O Rahmat
*Think of my book HASHISH FROM QADIAN. Probably you have it. Still, it is available on www.ourbeacon.com Library.