Please be accurate when quoting the Qur'an - Surah An-Najm
Here is the rendition of this Surah in QXP again.
Surah 53. An-Najm – The Star
[Author’s Note] This is the 53rd Surah of the Qur’an. It has 62 verses. We find the Qur’an at the heights of eloquence here. Very brief yet expressive verses abound herein. It is one of the most challenging Surahs to render into any language. Another fact of great import is the misinterpretation it has gone through over centuries. Translators and exponents in general, and especially in this instance, have been influenced by spurious accounts of Hadith and the Bible, confining God to a throne in the heights, conceiving of Him as a physical being. According to the Qur’an, God is Omnipresent, He is closer to us than our Vena cava and He is the Light of the heavens and earth. So, anyone going up to the heavens to meet with Him is out of the question.
With the Glorious Name of God, the Instant and Sustaining Source of all Mercy and Kindness
53:1 Witness are the Stars that set along a course appointed. [They never misguide you. He Who commands them, commands the Messenger 6:98, 56:75. Wa = And = Consider = Witness = For = By. Najm is singular as well as plural in the form of a galaxy]
53:2 Your honored companion is neither in error, nor is he misled.
53:3 Nor does he utter the Word out of his desire.
53:4 This (Qur’an) is but a Revelation that is being revealed to him.
53:5 He has been taught by the One Mighty in Powers.
53:6 The Owner of authority and wisdom established him (the Prophet).
53:7 At the highest horizon, [81:23]
53:8 Of human wisdom and knowledge as he drew near and approached (the point where the human intellect comes to a halt),
53:9 Till he was but two bow-lengths away, or even closer. [The Divine will and the will of the Messenger merged together, like the two of you join your bows as a token of friendship. 8:17]
53:10 And thus He revealed to His servant what He revealed.
53:11 And never did he find contrary to reason what he learned. [2:285, 6:164. Raa = Saw, learned, observed, took to heart]
53:12 Will you, then, contend with him concerning what he has learned (that you have not)?
53:13 He has recalled the Revelation (on his heart) once again. [2:185]
53:14 At the Ultimate Mark. [Sidratil muntaha = The last Lote-tree = The state of bewilderment = The point where the human intellect is left with nothing but astonishment!]
53:15 Near the Garden of Abode. [The Revelation tells the Messenger how to establish a paradise on earth]
53:16 Overwhelming is the spectacle at the overwhelming Ultimate Mark!
53:17 Yet, his sight wavered not and wandered not.
53:18 He has seen the great signs of his Lord. [The shackles of mental and physical bondage will be broken and humanity will emerge from darkness to light 7:157, 17:1, 20:23-24]
53:19 Have you thought about Lat, and ‘Uzza,
53:20 And Manat the third other? [Three goddesses of yours]
53:21 Why – for yourselves you would prefer only sons, whereas to Him you assign daughters!
53:22 This indeed is a very unfair division (that you worship female idols and resent having daughters).
53:23 They are but names that you have invented, you and your ancestors, for which God has revealed no authority. They follow nothing but conjecture and their fantasies. Now the guidance from their Lord has come to them (hence, they have no excuses). [7:71-72]
53:24 Nay, should man get all that he covets and fancies?
53:25 But to God belong the Hereafter and the former life. [His are the Keys of the heavens and earth. 7:96, 28:77, 39:63, 41:10, 42:12]
53:26 And how many forces there are in the Universe whose company avails not except whom God permits. This is so, because such a person works by His Laws and thus obtains His approval. [Science can only be mastered by understanding God’s physical laws in Nature. Malaaikah = Angels = Physical laws and forces in the Universe. Shafa’ah = Company = Intercession = Stand with = Stand up in court as witness. 2:30, 2:255]
53:27 Only those who do not believe in the Hereafter consider the forces in Nature as flying female beings and name them with female names. [Even many Muslims, under the influence of fabricated Hadith, think of angels as beautiful physical beings flying on wings here and there. Moreover they imagine that these beings pray for them, prompt them to do good as opposed to ‘Satan’, the selfish desires, and that they will intercede on their behalf. Such people have practically denied the Hereafter since people’s outcome depends on their actions. See 2:30]
53:28 They have no knowledge about it. They follow nothing but guesswork. But guesswork can never free anyone from the reality of things. [6:149]
53:29 Therefore, shun those who turn away from Our Reminder and desire nothing but the life of the world. [Another shade of meaning: The prefer to blindly follow the false imageries prevalent in the society, disregarding Divine Revelation]
53:30 Such is the sum-total of their knowledge. Your Lord knows best him who strays from His way, and He knows best who goes right.
53:31 To God belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on earth. He will reward those who do evil according to their works. And He will give excellent reward to those who do good to others. [11:7, 45:22. He has designed the Universe such that no action goes without consequence. Su = Evil = Bad deed = Action that disrupts the lives of others = A deed that creates disorder in the society. Hasanah = Good deed = Benefiting people = Acts creating balance. Plural: Sayyiaat and Hasanaat]
53:32 Those who abstain from the greater transgressions that deplete the communal energy, and from shameful deeds and stinginess, even though they may sometimes waver, your Lord is of limitless forgiveness. He knows you best since He brings you into being from the earth, and when you were still hidden in the bellies of your mothers. Therefore, claim not piety for yourselves. He knows best as to who is righteous. [4:31, 7:202, 42:37, 91:7-10, 92:17-18 Ithm = Actions that deplete individual or communal energy. Fawahish = Shameful deeds = Lewdness = Unbecoming behavior = Immorality = Stinginess to the extent of shame]
53:33 Have you, then, noticed him who turns away (from good deeds),
53:34 Gives a little, and so grudgingly?
53:35 What! Does he have the knowledge of the unseen (the future that he sees unfolded before him)?
53:36 Nay, did he never hear of what was in the Scrolls of Moses?
53:37 And (the Scrolls) of Abraham who fulfilled his obligations. [The Divine Message has essentially been the same. Herein are mentioned some of those laws, Twelve Maxims of intense beauty from the Scrolls of Abraham]
53:38 i No laden one shall bear the load of another. [6:164, 39:7, 65:7]
53:39 ii Every human being shall be responsible for his own works and compensated for his labor.
53:40 iii And soon, his effort (and not the results) will be seen.
53:41 iv Then he will be fully rewarded for it.
53:42 v To your Lord is the final destination. [79:44. Your goal shall be your Lord’s Rule on earth]
53:43 vi He is the One Who causes you to laugh, and to cry. [The basic principles that cause nations to live in prosperity versus misery, are being mentioned here]
53:44 vii He is the One Who gives death and gives life. [The rise and fall of nations follow His Laws. And these Laws are most excellently expounded in the Qur’an]
53:45 viii He is the One Who creates the two companions, the male and the female (pairs and opposites among His creation),
53:46 From gametes that unite.
53:47 ix He has promised to bring about a second life (for ultimate accountability).
53:48 x He is the One Who gives wealth and contentment (according to His Laws).
53:49 xi He is the One Who is the Lord of the brightest star, the human intellect. [Shi'ra = Sha'oor = Intellect. Shi'ra is also the Arabic name of the brightest star Sirius in the constellation Canis Major. It was widely worshiped in ancient Middle East]
53:50 xii He is the One Who annihilated the former tribe of ‘Aad. [7:65. They were men of intellect but refused to establish the Divine System. God never changes His Laws, therefore, a wrong system, however smartly run, is bound to collapse]
53:51 And the tribe of Thamud, sparing no one. [7:73]
53:52 And the people of Noah before them. They were even more unjust and more rebellious.
53:53 And He (His Law of Requital) annihilated the cities that were overthrown. [Reference to the people of Lot. 11:74-83]
53:54 So that there covered each of them what covered. [Covered them from sight for ever. Sodom and Gomorrah were buried under the Dead Sea. Also applies to other townships covered with Doom]
53:55 Then, which facet of your Lord’s Power will you doubt or deny?
53:56 This Prophet is a warner like the previous warners.
53:57 The Inevitable is now imminent. [The opponents of the Prophet (S) will soon be subdued]
53:58 None but God can dispel it. [Stop attacking the System]
53:59 Do you, then, wonder at this statement?
53:60 And will you laugh and not weep?
53:61 Just amusing yourselves!
53:62 Nay, rather humble yourselves before God and serve Him.