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the Qur'anic Creed of Abraham
By:jawaid ahmed,uk
Date: Tuesday, 24 July 2018, 7:53 am

There are those who delude themselves into following beliefs and practices that are not prescribed in the Qur'an, and say they come from Abraham and must be undertaken because he has given us 'his' creed, the Creed of Abraham phrase used in the Qur'an so they must be binding upon us.

Some have rejected the hadith as a whole or in part so deny sayings attributed to the Last Messenger written 1200 years ago, but now have no problem with hadith, sayings attributed to Abraham who lived 4000 years or so ago and written about by Ezra and his scribes 2400 years ago!

Here is a post I presented previously showing the creeds that Abraham was asked or understood to undertake.

The Creed of Abraham

16:123. So We have taught thee the inspired (Message), "Follow the ways of Abraham the True in Faith, and he joined not gods with Allah."

Some Quran alone followers, true ‘submitters’ to the Will of Allah in comparison to the bukharian idol worshippers, cannot see instructions in the Quran for many practices that they want to continue, for example circumcision, or the complete prayer ritual that they are told is a binding sunnah, missing one resulting in endless torture in hellfire, so have concocted another fairy-tale for themselves called the millet or creed of Abraham. These are the religious practices given to Abraham that were passed down the generations, arriving at the time of the Messenger who only had a few instructions given to him via the Quran which was used to bring the practices they were already doing but had other things added to them, back in line with what Allah originally intended [or extra revelation not in the Quran, see From Whence Guidance? Allah or Man to refute this claim]. Abraham lived approximately 2000years before the common era, and this means that they rightly reject hadith that were written 250years after the Messenger so are totally untrustworthy, but accept word of mouth practices handed down at least 2500 years after Abraham [to the time of the Messenger] and counting, and do not see the absurdity of this! It is basically a cop out for continuing practices not found in the Quran that they cannot stop due to culture and ancestor tradition indoctrination. These practices are in the Bible but not the Quran. They also distort Quranic verses about revelation given to previous messengers as evidence for following Biblical teachings that are not authorised by Allah.

Some scholars have rightly attributed forged hadith to jewish traditions and termed them ‘yahudi’, now we need to coin a word for those who want to follow the Bible practices; yes, Christian/Jew! We shall now look at what the Quran says about following the ways of Abraham.

Abraham Had The Same Teachings

Abraham had the same teachings as the Last Messenger and as muslims do a ritual prayer then the instructions for this must have been given to him. I have not said ‘as well’ because the ritual prayer instructions are not shown to the Last Messenger in the Quran, neither are they present when beliefs and practices are mentioned about Abraham. Yes, the word salat is mentioned in the Quran as being undertaken by Abraham, but what form this constituted is not there so there is no Quranic proof for the physical manifestation of salat.

The Quran says that all Messengers were given the same message and what remaining truths are still in the Bible or traditions of the Jews and other descendants of Abraham, should now be judged from the Quran, with the falsehood from the lying hands of the scribes rejected. This means that if the Quran does not substantiate an act undertaken by a previous messenger, then said act is no longer or never was an act authorised by Allah.

5:48 (O Messenger) We have sent to you this Divine Writ, setting forth the truth. It confirms the remaining truth in the earlier Scriptures since it is a Watcher over them. So, judge between them by what God has revealed, and do not follow their desires diverging from the truth that has come to you. For each community among you We have appointed certain evolving trends and a traced-out way. If God had willed, He could have made you all one single community. But He decided to let you test yourselves by what (potentials) He has granted you. So, outdo one another in doing good to the society. To God you will all return, and He will then make you understand wherein you differed. [2:101, 2:148, 3:78, 21:92-93, 23:52. ‘Muhaimin’ = Watcher. ‘Shari’ah’ = Evolving trends of a community = Rites. ‘Minhaaj’ = A traced-out way = A set of laws. ‘min-al-kitab’ = From or remaining from the Scripture]
5:49 So judge between them by what God has revealed. And do not follow their vain desires. Beware of them, lest they divert you from some of what God has revealed to you. If they turn away from the truth, be assured that God has decided to chastise them for some of their crimes. A great many people drift away from the right path.
5:50 Do they seek judgment of the Days of Ignorance? But who can give better judgment than God, for a people who have attained conviction in the truth?

As there are no instructions in the Quran for the physical prayer ritual, either in a verse directed to us or when Abraham is mentioned, then Quran does not confirm these instructions so we cannot use this as an excuse to do it.

Creed of Abraham

Anyone can take a phrase out of context from a verse and create a new religion.
When we see the term creed of Abraham in the Quran, what does it say this creed is? What did Abraham do that the we are told to follow as an example? Simply look at context:

Stand Up For The Truth-Do Not Falter
2:124 And remember when his Lord had Abraham go through trying circumstances with His commands, and he fulfilled them. Then He said, “I have appointed you an exemplary leader for all mankind.” He asked, “And of my offspring?” He replied, “My Covenant does not include the wrongdoers.” [Being the offspring of a great man avails none. Trying circumstances: Abraham stood up to the formidable challenge of a mighty priesthood, rampant idolatry and the tyrannical autocracy of King Nimrod Shaddad in Ur, Mesopotamia. Imam = Plumb line that ensures that the wall is vertical = An outstanding leader]

Submit To Allah

Clear examples in verses of the Quran that the greatest example that we can follow/take from Abrahm was his rejection of anything other than the One God, that is, he was a true monotheist:
2:125 Remember, We appointed the House (Ka’bah) a place to achieve unity among all mankind, and thus, a source of peace and security. So, attain the stature of Abraham recalling his firm stand (for Monotheism and unity of mankind) and closely follow the Divine Commands. We did take a Covenant from Abraham and Ishmael, “Keep My House clean of all falsehood for those who rally around it and those who strive hard for the noble objectives, and for those who submit in humility to God." [Al-Bait = The House = Ka’bah = The Symbolic House of God in Makkah = The Meeting point for all mankind = The Source of peace, security and unity for all humanity. 2:142-143, 3:96, 5:97, 14:35, 22:25. Musalla = The ways to obey God. Maqam-e-Ibrahim = The stature of Abraham = The stand he took. Taifa = Those who might be diverse in race and color but united in Ideology. Taaif = Watchman = Custodian = One who stands guard. Taifeen = Caretakers of humanity = Guardians of human rights. ‘Akafa = To prevent schism and discord = Set things right. 'Aakifeen = Those who strive for a noble objective = Those who prevent schism = Who set things right. Ishmael resided permanently in Makkah, while his father kept traveling between Hagar (Haajirah) in Makkah and Sarah in Can’aan (Syria-Palestine). Ishmael married a woman from the Qahtani Tribe of Jurham and became the ancestor of Musta Ribah. Musta Ribah wandered the Arabian Peninsula and the Arabs descended from them, multiplying and becoming a distinct community in a few centuries. So the Arabs are, interestingly, the descendants of Prophet Ishmael and a Qahtani Jurham mother from the Arabian Peninsula. They had twelve sons in their long and happy marriage. The Qahtanis are still abundantly found in Arabia. Some nomadic tribes more ancient than Abraham and Ishmael had settled in Makkah, a small but busy trade center in the peninsula. The “Wilderness of Beer-Sheba” of Genesis 21:14, embraces the Southern Palestine, and Hijaz (the mid-western Arabia). Therefore, the Bible and the Qur’an are in agreement concerning where Ishmael and his mother Hagar had settled after moving from Can’aan.
3:67 Abraham was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was an upright man who had surrendered to God. He never ascribed divinity to anyone beside the One True God.
3:68 People most worthy of Abraham are those who followed him, and this Prophet and those who believe with him. God is the Protecting Friend of the true believers.
3:95 Say, “God has declared the truth. Follow, then, the Creed of Abraham, the upright who shunned all falsehood. He was not of those who choose authorities besides God.”
4:125 Who has a better Deen (System of Life) than the one who submits completely to God, and thus becomes a benefactor of humanity? Such a person is following the way of Abraham the Upright whom God chose for friend.
4:126 Unto God belongs all that is in the Highs and all that is in the Lows, and God encompasses all things.

6:74 Remember when Abraham said to his father Azar (Terah), “How could you worship idols as gods? I see you and your people are in obvious error.” [Azar is called Terah in the Bible and Zarah in Talmud]
6:75 And to this end, We gave Abraham insight into the Mighty Dominion of the Universe so that he might attain firm conviction.
6:76 (Some of his people were idolaters and others were nature-worshipers.) One night when it grew dark upon him he saw a planet (Venus). He said, “This is my Lord.” But when it set, he said, “I do not love things that fade away.”
6:77 (Another night) when he saw the moon rising in splendor, he said, “This is my Lord." But when it set, he said, “Unless my Lord guides me, I will be of those who go astray.”
6:78 (In the morning) when he saw the sun rising in splendor, he said, “This is my Lord. This is greater!” But when it set, he said, “O My people! I am free of all your idolatry.” [Of course, Abraham knew that the celestial bodies were not gods. He is only preaching to his people by example]
6:79 “I have focused firmly on Him Who initiated the heavens and earth. As an upright man turning away from all that is false, I will never be an idolater.”
6:80 His people argued with him, but Abraham said, “Do you dispute with me about God when He has guided me? I do not fear those you associate with Him. Nothing can happen to me contrary to the laws of God. My Lord encompasses all things in His knowledge. Will you not then, reflect and use your intellect?” [Abraham taught his people to reflect and be rational]

6:161 Say, "As for me, my Lord has guided me to a straight path, the perfect Deen (way) of Abraham, the upright, who was no idolater in any sense.”

14:35 Recall that Abraham said, “My Lord! Make this a peaceful land and protect me and my children from idolatry in any form.” [2:125]

16:123 We have revealed to you this message (O Prophet), “Follow the creed of Abraham who turned away from all that is false." (2:125). He was, by no means, of the idolaters.
21:50 This (Qur’an) is a blessed Reminder that We have revealed. Will you then reject it?
21:51 Long before, We showed Abraham his direction and We were Aware of him,
21:52 When he said to his father and his people, "What are these images and statues that you sit around worshiping?"
21:53 They responded, "We found our ancestors worshipers of them."
21:54 He said, "You and your ancestors have surely been in plain error."
22:26 Behold! We pointed the site of the Sacred House, Ka’bah, to Abraham, saying, “Associate none with Me, and keep My House clean of human dogmas for those whose Divine Ideology of Monotheism will revolve around this Center for all mankind. Train the visitors to stand up for truth, and bow to and fully submit before Divine Commands.” [2:125, 2:197, 3:95-97, 22:28-29]

Shunned Falsehood By Following Allah Alone

2:135 They say, “Be Jews or Christians if you would be guided.” Say, “Nay, we follow the Creed of Abraham the upright who shunned all falsehood and associated none with God.” [He was neither a Jew nor a Christian (3:67). Mushrik = Idolater = Pagan = Anyone who ascribes divinity to other than the One True God = Who associates partners with Him = Who prefers manmade tenets = Who worships idols in any form such as statues, own desires, forces of Nature, any of God’s creation = One who uncritically follows others = A blind follower = One who considers men as authorities instead of the Divine Revelation = Anyone who declares things Halaal (Permissible) and Haraam (Forbidden) against the Qur’an = One who follows clergy instead of the Qur’an = Who adores saints or religious leaders = Who promotes writings and dogmas contrary to the Qur’an. Shirk = The act of being a Mushrik]
Revival Through Revelation
2:260 [Abraham wanted to understand the laws of revival of nations] “O My Lord! Show me how You revive dead nations.” God said, “Do you believe not?” Abraham said, “Surely, I do but only to satisfy my heart (how I will revive my living dead people). God said, “Take four birds and train them with affection to you, and then leave them apart on separate hilltops.” Then call them; they will come in quickly. Then know that God is Almighty, Wise. [At Abraham’s call the birds came flying back to him. This is how mankind can be brought to the Truth with decent admonition and training, giving them a new life]

Kind Hearted

11:75 For, Abraham was clement, kind-hearted, ever turning to His Lord.
11:76 (They said) O Abraham! Turn away from this pleading. Your Lord's command has gone forth, and the retribution is now inevitable.

Salat for Abraham?

I could have ignored this verse|:
22:78. And strive in His cause as you ought to strive, (with sincerity and under discipline). He has chosen you, and has imposed no difficulties on you in religion; it is the cult of your father Abraham. It is He Who has named you Muslims, both before and in this (Revelation); that the Messenger may be a witness for you, and you be witnesses for mankind! So establish regular Prayer, give regular Charity, and hold fast to Allah. He is your Protector - the Best to protect and the Best to help!

This is not saying that salat was prescribed for Abraham but throughout the Quran the phrase “So establish regular Prayer, give regular Charity” is used to remind us to be dutiful and ‘pure’ to Allah. Abraham would have done so, but to jump to a physical ritual prayer when there are no instructions here or elsewhere in the Quran is not called for. Ancestral traditions handed down to us cannot be used to impose an understanding upon the Quran.

Previous verses in chapter 22 speak about Abraham and the hajj, an annual gathering of mankind to DEBATE issues going on in the world and how to solve them using the Quran; the solutions being the signs of Allah, the teachings of Allah, manifesting themselves.

22:26 Behold! We pointed the site of the Sacred House, Ka’bah, to Abraham, saying, “Associate none with Me, and keep My House clean of human dogmas for those whose Divine Ideology of Monotheism will revolve around this Center for all mankind. Train the visitors to stand up for truth, and bow to and fully submit before Divine Commands.” [2:125, 2:197, 3:95-97, 22:28-29]
22:27 “And announce to mankind the duty of Pilgrimage. They will come to you on foot, and on every kind of fast mount, coming from every far away point on earth.”

Rites for All communities

There are rites, customs, given to each community but these become a bone of contention amongst the different groups which should not happen if they judge from what Allah has now revealed:

22:67 We have let every community hold some rites that they observe (as diversity in humanity 49:13). So, let them not involve you in their arguments, just call them to your Lord (2:177). You (O Prophet) are on the right way.
22:68 And if they argue with you, say, “God is best Aware of what you do.”
22:69 God will judge among you regarding all your differences when humanity stands up on its feet, and finally on the Day of Resurrection.” [2:213, 22:17, 22:56]
22:70 Do you not know that God is fully Aware of all that is in the High and the Low? All that is in the Divine Database. Surely, all this is easy for God.
22:71 And yet, they (seeing His Dominion of the Universe, and claiming to believe in Him) idolize instead of God that wherein He has placed no power, and they know nothing about them. But there is no helper for those who relegate the truth. [They blindly follow their ancestors 10:39]
22:72 And when Our messages are conveyed to them in all clarity, you can notice a denial on the faces of those who are bent upon rejecting the truth. They would almost attack those who convey Our messages to them. Say, “Shall I, then, tell you something worse than what you feel now? The Fire! God has promised it for those who are bent upon opposing the truth. How miserable a journey’s end!”
22:73 "O People! Here is a parable set forth. Listen to it! Those on whom you call besides God, cannot create even a fly, even if they all got together to do so. And if the fly snatches away anything from them, they will not be able to recover from it. Feeble is the seeker and the sought.”
22:74 They do not esteem God as He must be esteemed. God is most Powerful, Almighty. [6:91-92, 39:67]
22:75 God chooses message-bearers from among the angels as well as from among mankind. Indeed, God is Hearer, All-Seeing. [Angels being message-bearers = Angels of revelation to the Prophets]
22:76 He knows all that is of the past, the present and the future. For, to God all things return (and go back to Him as their Source).
22:77 O You who have chosen to be graced with belief! Bow before the commands of your Lord in full submission and serve Him alone. And do good to the society so that you may prosper. [Rukoo’ (Bowing) and Sajdah (Prostration) are not confined to the ritual physical motions. They convey a more sublime message of being humble and submitting to God’s commands]
22:78 Strive for God with a strife befitting Him, for He has elected you and placed no hardship in Religion, the Creed of your father Abraham. He has named you Muslimeen in the bygone days and now in this revelation, that the Messenger may be a witness against you and you may be witnesses against mankind! So, establish the Divine System and set up the Just Economic Order, and hold fast unto God. He is your Patron; how excellent a Patron and how excellent a Helper! [2:143. Muslimeen = Muslims = Submitters = Those who submit to God alone = Upholders of peace. 2:132, 2:136]

This means that IF Abraham was given certain rites, these are no longer applicable for us as we have now been given the Quran to follow and we do what it says. This is further confirmed by:

5:45 For them (Jews), We had decreed in the Torah: Life for life, eye for eye, nose for nose, ear for ear, tooth for tooth, and equal injury for injury. But if one forgoes retaliation by way of charity, it will absolve his imperfections. And whoever fails to judge or rule by what God has revealed, such are wrongdoers (‘Zalimoon’). [Exodus 21:23. That was a Mosaic laws specific to the Israelites. The Final revelation of God, the Qur’an has updated laws for all humanity for all times. Incidentally, Exodus in the Bible as seen today leaves no room for forgiveness of the mentioned offenses]
5:46 And after them We caused Jesus, son of Mary, to follow in their footsteps, confirming (the remaining truth in) what was revealed before him in Taurah. We gave him the Gospel in which there was guidance and a light, and it confirmed the (truth in) what was revealed before it in the Torah, a guidance and admonition to those who wished to live upright. [2:101, 3:78]
5:47 Let the People of the Gospel judge by what God has revealed therein. And whoever fails to judge or rule by what God has revealed, are drifters from the right path (‘Faasiqoon’).
5:48 (O Messenger) We have sent to you this Divine Writ, setting forth the truth. It confirms the remaining truth in the earlier Scriptures since it is a Watcher over them. So, judge between them by what God has revealed, and do not follow their desires diverging from the truth that has come to you. For each community among you We have appointed certain evolving trends and a traced-out way. If God had willed, He could have made you all one single community. But He decided to let you test yourselves by what (potentials) He has granted you. So, outdo one another in doing good to the society. To God you will all return, and He will then make you understand wherein you differed. [2:101, 2:148, 3:78, 21:92-93, 23:52. ‘Muhaimin’ = Watcher. ‘Shari’ah’ = Evolving trends of a community = Rites. ‘Minhaaj’ = A traced-out way = A set of laws. ‘min-al-kitab’ = From or remaining from the Scripture]
5:49 So judge between them by what God has revealed. And do not follow their vain desires. Beware of them, lest they divert you from some of what God has revealed to you. If they turn away from the truth, be assured that God has decided to chastise them for some of their crimes. A great many people drift away from the right path.
5:50 Do they seek judgment of the Days of Ignorance? But who can give better judgment than God, for a people who have attained conviction in the truth?

Following The Bible

I am not going into detail why the Quran does not accept the whole of the Bible as the revelation given to the Messengers of Allah, suffice to say at this point that the Quran is to be used to confirm what truths still exist from the revelation in the Bible. Those who want to circumcise themselves physically must castrate themselves intellectually from the Quran which clearly tells us not to follow the Jews and the Christians, aka the Bible; they will divert you from the Quran!
2:119 We have sent you (O Prophet) with the Decisive Truth as a bearer of glad tidings and as a warner. But you will not be questioned about the companions of the blazing fire. [13:40. Jaheem = Blazing fire = Insurmountable Barrier to the development of the human ‘self’ = Figuratively, Hell. The human ‘self’ can make progress only by accepting Divine Laws and doing good to God’s creations. See the author's note at the end of this rendition for an understanding of Self-actualization, Afterlife, Paradise and Hellfire]
2:120 Yet, never will the Jews be pleased with you, nor will the Christians, unless you follow their form of religion. Say, “God’s Guidance - it is the only Guidance.” And if you follow their wishes and errant views after the Knowledge that has come to you, then you will find no ally or helper against God. [7:3, 10:109, 13:37. It is not a matter of my religion or your religion. Al-Qur’an is the updated, unadulterated Message from the same Creator Who revealed the previous Scriptures]
2:121 Those to whom We have given the Book study and follow it as it should be studied and followed. They are the ones who truly believe in it. And whoever rejects it, such are the losers. [10:58]

Allah would not tell us to follow the practices of Abraham and then tell us not to follow the Jews unless He knew that what they had was a corruption of what He had originally given to Abraham and the other Messengers. Hence, the intellectual castration.

Other Creeds, Practices from outside of the Quran?

The Quran says it has all we need to practice our deen:

5:3 Forbidden to you (for food) are:
Carrion, blood, the flesh of swine, anything (not just meat) that has been dedicated to any other than God (such as an idol, grave or saint), any animal that has been strangled to death, or beaten to death, or killed by fall, or gored to death, or eaten by a wild animal unless you are able to slaughter it while it is still alive, and (also forbidden is) what is slaughtered on idolatrous altars (devotional stones or blocks in shrines considered sacred). And (you are forbidden) from dividing one another’s portions through raffling, for these are deviations. This Day, the rejecters have lost all hope of (making bargains in) your System of Life. Do not fear them, but fear Me. THIS DAY, I HAVE PERFECTED YOUR DEEN (LAWS) FOR YOU, COMPLETED MY FAVOR UPON YOU, AND CHOSEN FOR YOU AL-ISLAM AS THE SYSTEM OF LIFE. If anyone is forced by dire necessity (to consume the forbidden), with no intention of transgression, (should remember that) God is Forgiving, Merciful. [Mayitah = Carrion = Dead meat = An animal that dies of itself. Azlaam = Dividing eating portions by picking or shooting arrows = In other contexts Azlaam also includes the conjecture of foretelling the future = Raffle = Lottery = Divining arrows = Clairvoyance = Dividing things or time for one another through randomly picking up slips of paper. Deen = System of Life = The laws. 2:173, 2:185, 2:219, 5:90]

When you have a completed Deen, way of life, this does not need another set of rituals found in the Bible based upon a mistaken belief in the creed of Abraham in this way.

Messages In This Thread

the Qur'anic Creed of Abraham
jawaid ahmed,uk -- Tuesday, 24 July 2018, 7:53 am
Re: the Qur'anic Creed of Abraham (Jawaid Ahmad, u
A Sayed (South Africa) -- Thursday, 26 July 2018, 2:51 pm