“Even if someone only acknowledged Jinnah as an excellent barrister, it would be to acknowledge that he had won the most monumental judgment in the history of the Bar. He had brilliantly realized in the romantic, almost utopian, ideal of Pakistan a case that could be fought and won.” ["A New Nation-State" by Edgar Snow, the well-known American author]
“A most accomplished lawyer, outstanding among any lawyers anywhere and he was an exceptional constitutionalist”. [Sir Stafford Cripps]
Mohammad Ali Jinnah was an outstanding leader and a political giant. In the Indo-Pak subcontinent no constitutional scheme could work unless he agreed. Jinnah, Gandhi, and Dr B R Ambedkar participated in the Second Round Table Conference (1931). Jinnah pleaded separate electorates for Muslims and other minorities including the Harijans (Dalits). Dr Ambedkar and Jinnah supported each other. Gandhi vehemently opposed the grant of separate electorates to the depressed low caste people but failed. [“Jinnah, the Great Leader”, Urdu, by G.A. Allana]
The British announced the Communal Award on August 17, 1932, giving separate electorates, among others, to the Muslims and depressed classes. On August 18, Gandhi, who was already in jail, wrote to the British prime minister, that unless separate electorates for the depressed classes were rescinded, he would commence a fast unto death at noon on September 20, 1932. Gandhi went on the fast as threatened. When Gandhi’s condition deteriorated, Hindu leaders arranged a meeting between Ambedkar and Gandhi. Eventually an agreement was signed on September 24, 1932, and it went down in history as the Poona Pact. Gandhi broke his fast but soon broke the Pact as well.
In 1941, Dr Ambedkar’s magnum opus, “Thoughts on Pakistan” was published. The book supported the demand for Pakistan. Dr Ambedkar paid glowing tributes to Jinnah, his leadership and integrity.
In 1945, Ambedkar approached Jinnah. Dr Ambedkar was establishing the Siddharth College and needed Rs 1.2 million. He had collected Rs 900,000 and requested Mr Jinnah to speak to the billionaire Seth Dalmiya to donate Rs 3 million to the college. Jinnah found a brilliant legal solution and the college was established.
Dr Ambedkar worked for inter-dining and inter-marriage between the Harijans and other Hindu classes. M.A. Jinnah encouraged and supported Dr Ambedkar and his party. As Dr Ambedkar’s first wife died, on April 15, 1948, Dr Ambedkar married Ms Sharda Kabir, a Brahmin. The New York Times described the marriage as more significant than the wedding of a royalty to a commoner.
On Jinnah’s persuasion, the Due Process clause, that was very unfavorable to the lower caste, was deleted from Article 21 of the Indian Constitution, which now reads: “No person shall be deprived of his right and personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.”
Jinnah in his speech spoke inter alia about:
a) Evils of Corruption
b) Genuine Democracy
c) Negative effects of hero worship.
“Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah was a combination of rare qualities. He had the charisma of Churchill, dignity of De Gaulle, popularity of Gandhi and magnetism of Mandela. No leader in the world (barring Prophet Muhammad) accomplished as much as Jinnah did.
[Syed Sharifuddin Pirzada, Ex-Attorney general of Pakistan]