Quaid-e-Azam MAJ had an astonishing degree of insight into the Qur'an. He presented the clearest possible vision of a true Islamic State in 1941:
In August 1941, Quaid-e-Azam gave an interview to the students of the Osmania University, Hyderabad Deccan. The replies he gave to the students explain his superb comprehension of the foundations of Islam. Here are some excerpts from the interview:
Q. What are the essential features of an Islamic religious state?
A. When I hear the word “religion,” my mind at once thinks of the English usage of the term, that of a private relationship between man and God. But I know full well that according to Islam, the word religion is not restricted to that connotation. Islam is a System of Life*. I am neither a Maulwi nor a Mullah, nor do I claim to be an expert in theology. But I have closely studied the Qur’an and Islamic jurisprudence. This magnificent Qur'an is full of guidance encompassing all aspects of human life, whether spiritual or physical, economic or emotional, political or social; leaving no aspect untouched.
Q. What is the distinctive feature of the Islamic state?
A. A special feature of the Islamic State must not be overlooked. Here, the Source of all obedience is **God alone and the only way to obey God is to obey the Quranic laws and principles. In Islam, obedience is due neither to a king, nor to a parliament, nor to any other person or organization. There is no room for priesthood in Islam. Therefore, Pakistan will not be a ***theocracy in which the government is handed over to clergy so that they, according to their own whims, may fulfill the Divine Mission. It is the Quranic provisions that determine the limits of our freedom and restrictions in political and social domains. In other words, Islamic state is an agency for establishing the Quranic principles and injunctions. And, to establish the Qur’an, you need a state. That is why I am striving for a free state for Muslims.
[Muhammad Ali Jinnah's interview to the Students Union of Osmania University in Hyderabad, Deccan, 19 August 1941, as reported by Orient Press. Reproduced in Urdu Roznama (Daily) Inqalab, January 1942]
“In 1946, the Parsi doctor JAL Patel of Bombay took a chest x-ray of Quaid-e-Azam. The film showed wide spread tuberculosis of the lungs. The great Quaid asked the doctor about his life expectancy. Dr. Patel informed him that he would probably live two years, unless he quit politics and took proper rest, in which case he might live one or two years more. Quaid-e-Azam responded, “This means I have to work even harder. Please hold my reports fully confidential. Only you and I know about this X-ray.” Jinnah did not share the findings even with his beloved sister, comrade and confidant, Fatima Jinnah. She could, however notice his dwindling health and advised him to take a vacation. He said to Fatima, “Have you ever seen a general going on vacation while his soldiers are in the middle of a hot battle?” He worked tirelessly until he achieved his incredible goal of making Pakistan a reality. Then he passed on in peace on Sep 11, 1948.
["My Brother", Urdu, by Ms Fatima Jinnah]
- I say with complete confidence about this great man, “Never in history have so many people owed so much to a single person.”
[Syed Hashim Raza, a close companion of Quaid-e-Azam wrote in the preface to Dr. Shabbir Ahmed’s “Hamaray Quaid-e-Azam” and “Father of the Nation” 2001]
*Notice that MAJ was one of the first men who realized from Allama Iqbal that Islam is DEEN or System of Life, and not a 'Mazhab' or religion.
**"Obedience to God": MAJ does not leave the phrase abstract and immediately qualifies it with obedience of the Quranic laws.
***Note the simplest definition of theocracy.