Our Beacon Forum

MUHAMMAD’S BIOGRAPHY FROM AL-QUR’AN
By:Ahmed Moosa, RSA
Date: Thursday, 25 January 2018, 2:35 pm

Please let me know what you think about it so far. i just started. it will take me quite a while to complete.

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MUHAMMAD’S BIOGRAPHY FROM AL-QUR’AN

A synopsis of the biography of Muhammad[1] the messenger of Allâh from within Al-Qur’ân

There have been many books written on the life of Prophet Muhammad, but to my knowledge, and I am open to correction, I have not come across a book on his biography based solely from Al-Qur’ân.

I want to make clear that for anyone really interested in knowing the life history of Muhammad one must read the complete Divine Book a number of times to get a fairly good idea of his life. Al-Qur’ân explains his life in much detail but serious study is needed to know. Let me say at the outset that this document is but a small part of his life that I have writing on.

My reason for writing this document is that in January 2018, I met a person who is busy with his doctorate on the Life of Prophet Muhammad, and on inquiring from him what books he is consulting for his doctorate he said that he is taking his information from William Muir. I inquired if he is using any other sources, and he said that Muir is more than sufficient as he has written so many volumes on the Prophet’s life that it is more than sufficient and he feels no other source is needed. He then went further to say that Muslims do not really know much because they have not researched Islamic history so we have to rely on western writers.

He then went to quote the various western authors who I never heard of I could see he was ‘full of himself” – conceited I would say, because he raved about these authors. As it was at a function of a very close friend who I hold in very high regard I did not want to get into an argument as it was not that place for it. However as a person who is supposed to be intelligent surely he should have realised that Muir who lived about one thousand one hundred years after Muhammad could never have known anything about him, unless he consulted writings by others, and I am quite sure they must have been some Muslims whose works Muir must have consulted otherwise how could he know anything about Muhammad. And those writers he consulted also lived hundreds of years after Muhammad. But as I say, when a person has blinkers it is very hard to get them to understand, especially when they think they know it all. A very sad situation indeed!

Anyway, I always had this thought of writing a small document on the life of Muhammad for some years now, and always put it off as I always felt that any Muslims who would study Al-Qur’ân would see quite easily the life of Muhammad in the Divine Book. How wrong I was. The majority of Muslims read books written by many authors but all of them rely of traditional books mostly with very little from Al-Qur’ân. I hope that this little effort will open the way for more research of the life of Muhammad from Al-Qur’ân.

There are numerous similar verses on this topic. One has to study[2] the Divine Book to see how Allâh explains this topic. However keep in mind that this document is a very small part from the Divine Book of his life. Only when one studies IT for oneself will one see and understand more of his life. We hope that this biography will spur scholars to delve into Al-Qur’ân and to investigate and write only from the Divine Book of his life.

We begin where Allâh informs mankind that Muhammad was an orphan:

Chapter 93 verse 6. “Did He (i.e. Allâh) not find thee (i.e. Muhammad) an orphan and give thee (i.e. Muhammad) shelter (and care)?”

Muhammad was looking for guidance and Allâh gave him guidance:

Chapter 93 verse 7. “And He (i.e. Allâh) found thee (i.e. Muhammad) wandering, and He (i.e. Allâh) gave thee (i.e. Muhammad) guidance.”

The best guidance is from Allâh:

Chapter 2 verse 120. (Muhammad must)…“say: “The guidance of Allâh that is the (only) Guidance.” Wert thou (i.e. Muhammad) to follow their desires after the knowledge[1] which hath reached thee (i.e. Muhammad), then wouldst thou (i.e. Muhammad) find neither Protector nor helper against Allâh.”

Muhammad was in need and Allâh made him independent:

Chapter 93 verse 8. “And He (i.e. Allâh) found thee (i.e. Muhammad) in need, and made thee (i.e. Muhammad) independent.”

With that independence he assisted and fed his companions:

Chapter 33 verse 53. “O ye who believe! Enter not the Prophet's houses, - until leave is given you for a meal, (and then) not (so early as) to wait for its preparation: but when ye are invited, enter; and when ye have taken your meal, disperse, without seeking familiar talk. Such (behaviour) annoys the prophet: he (i.e. Muhammad) is ashamed to dismiss you, but Allâh is not ashamed (to tell you) the truth. And when ye ask (his ladies) for anything ye want, ask them from before a screen: that makes for greater purity for your hearts and for theirs. Nor is it right for you that ye should annoy Allâh’s Messenger, or that ye should marry his (i.e. Muhammad’s) widows after him at any time. Truly such a thing is in Allâh’s sight an enormity.”

[Allâh chooses His messengers as stated in the following verses: Chapter 3 verses 33 & 34; chapter 22 verses 75; chapter 68 verse 50; chapter 3 verse 179; chapter 40 verse 15; chapter 16 verse 121; chapter 20 verse 13; chapter 19 verse 58; chapter 6 verses 83 to 90; and numerous more. Some of these verses are quoted further on].

Muhammad did not expect he was going to be chosen as a messenger:

Chapter 28 verse 86. “And thou (i.e. Muhammad) hadst not expected that the Book (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) would be sent to thee (i.e. Muhammad) except as a MERCY from thy Rabb[2] (Lord): therefore lend not thou (i.e. Muhammad) support in any way to those who reject (Allâh's Message).”

Only after being selected as a messenger of Allâh was Revelation vouchsafed to Muhammad, and thereafter he understood what was Revelation and Imân (belief):

Chapter 42 verse 52: “And thus have We (i.e. Allâh), by Our command, sent inspiration to thee (i.e. Muhammad): thou (i.e. Muhammad) knewest not (before) what was Wâhy (Revelation), and what was imân (faith); but We (i.e. Allâh) have made the (Qur’ân) a light, wherewith We (i.e. Allâh) guide such of Our servants as We (i.e. Allâh) will; and verily thou (i.e. Muhammad) dost guide (mankind) to the straight Way,”-

Chapter 3 verse 144. “Muhammad is no more than a messenger: many were the messengers that passed away before him. If he (i.e. Muhammad) died or were slain, will ye then turn back on your heels? If any did turn back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allâh. But Allâh (on the other hand) will swiftly reward those who (serve Allâh) with gratitude.”

Chapter 63 verse 1. “When the hypocrites come to thee (i.e. Muhammad), they say, “we bear witness that thou (i.e. Muhammad) art indeed the Messenger of Allâh.” Yea, Allâh knoweth that thou (i.e. Muhammad) art indeed His (i.e. Allâh’s) Messenger, and Allâh beareth witness that the hypocrites are indeed liars.”

Chapter 47 verse 2. “But those who believe and work deeds of righteousness, and believe in the (Qur’ân) sent down to Muhammad - for it is the Truth from their Rabb, - He (i.e. Allâh) will remove from them their ills and improve their condition.”

The commencement of Revelation:

Chapter 73 verse 5. “Soon shall We (i.e. Allâh) send down to thee (i.e. Muhammad) a weighty Message (i.e. Al-Qur’ân).”

What was Muhammad to do with this weighty message?

Chapter 74 verse 1 & 2. “O thou (i.e. Muhammad) wrapped up (in the mantle)! Arise and deliver thy Warning!”

Chapter 5 verse 67. “O Messenger. Proclaim the (Al-Qur’ân) which hath been sent to thee (i.e. Muhammad) from thy Rabb. If thou (i.e. Muhammad) didst not (do so), thou (i.e. Muhammad) wouldst not have fulfilled and proclaimed His (i.e. Allâh’s) mission. And Allâh will defend thee (i.e. Muhammad) from people (who mean mischief). For Allâh guides not those who reject Faith.”

Chapter 21 verse 45. “Say, “I (i.e. Muhammad) do but warn you according to Revelation” (i.e. Al-Qur’ân): but the deaf will not hear the call, (even) when they are warned!” (cf: chapter 5 verse 67; and chapter 6 verse 19)

The Weighty Message revealed to Muhammad:

Chapter 6 verse 19: “Say: “What thing is most weighty in Evidence?” Say: “(Allâh) is witness between me (i.e. Muhammad) and you; This Qur’ân hath been revealed to me (i.e. Muhammad) by Wâhy (inspiration), that I (i.e. Muhammad) may warn you and all whom IT (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) reaches. Can ye possibly bear witness that besides Allâh there is another god?” Say: "Nay! I (i.e. Muhammad) cannot bear witness!” Say: “But in truth He (i.e. Allâh) is the one Allâh, and I (i.e. Muhammad) truly am innocent of (your blasphemy of) joining others with Him (i.e. Allâh).”

The Revelation was not revealed at once but revealed in parts / stages:

Chapter 25 verse 32. “Those who reject imân say: “Why is not the Qur’ân revealed to him (i.e. Muhammad) all at once? Thus (IT is revealed), that We (i.e. Allâh) may strengthen thy (i.e. Muhammad’s) heart thereby, and We (i.e. Allâh) have rehearsed IT (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) to thee (i.e. Muhammad) in slow, well-arranged stages, gradually.”

Chapter 17 verse 106. “(IT is) a Qur’ân which We (i.e. Allâh) have divided (into parts from time to time), in order that thou (i.e. Muhammad) mightest recite[3] it to mankind at intervals: We (i.e. Allâh) have revealed it by stages (i.e. parts).”

On delivering the message of Revelation, how did the majority react?

Chapter 10 verse 15. [Allâh declares] “But when Our (i.e. Allâh’s) Clear Signs (Ayât) are rehearsed unto them (i.e. the people), those who rest not their hope on their meeting with Us (i.e. Allâh): (the unbelievers say to Muhammad): “Bring us a reading (other than this Qur’ân), or change this: (Muhammad is commanded) SAY: “IT IS NOT FOR ME (i.e. Muhammad) OF MY OWN ACCORD TO CHANGE IT (i.e. AL-QUR’ÂN): I (i.e. Muhammad) FOLLOW NAUGHT BUT WHAT IS REVEALED UNTO ME (i.e. Al-Qur’ân): if I (i.e. Muhammad) were to disobey my Rabb, I (i.e. Muhammad) should myself fear the penalty of a great Day (to come).”

Chapter 22 verse 72. “When Our (i.e. Allâh’s) Clear verses (from Al-Qur’ân) are rehearsed to them, thou wilt notice a denial on the faces of the unbelievers! They nearly attack with violence those who rehearse Our (i.e. Allâh’s) signs – (ayât of Al-Qur’ân) to them…!”

Chapter 74 verses 49 to 51. “Then what is the matter with them that they turn away from admonition (of Al-Qur’ân)? - as if they were affrighted asses, fleeing from a lion!”

Chapter 43 verse 78. “Verily We (i.e. Allâh) have brought the truth (Al-Haqq i.e. Al-Qur’ân) to you: but most of you have a hatred for Truth (Al-Qur’ân).”

Consequences to Muhammad if he said anything besides al-Qur’ân: let us suppose that Muhammad invented sayings and attributed it to Allâh. Please read very carefully the consequences to him despite the fact that he was a messenger of Allâh:

Chapter 17 verse 73 to 75. “And their (i.e. unbelievers) purpose was to tempt thee (i.e. Muhammad) away from that which We (i.e. Allâh) had revealed (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) unto thee (i.e. Muhammad), to substitute in Our Name (i.e. Allâh’s name) something quite different; (in that case), behold!, they (i.e. the unbelievers) would certainly have made thee (i.e. Muhammad) (their) friend! And had We (i.e. Allâh) not given thee (i.e. Muhammad) strength, thou (i.e. Muhammad) wouldst nearly have inclined to them a little. In that case We (i.e. Allâh) should have made thee (i.e. Muhammad) taste an equal portion (of punishment) in this life, and an equal portion in death: and moreover thou (i.e. Muhammad) wouldst have found none to help thee (i.e. Muhammad) against Us (i.e. Allâh)!”

Another severe warning to Muhammad from Allâh if he invented or deviated from his duty to deliver the Qur’ânic message only:

Chapter 69 verses 43 to 47. “(This Qur’ân is) a Message sent down from the Rabb (i.e. Allâh) of the â‘lamîn (worlds). And if the messenger (i.e. Muhammad) were to invent any sayings in Our (i.e. Allâh’s) name, We (i.e. Allâh) should certainly seize him by his (i.e. Muhammad) right hand, and We (i.e. Allâh) should certainly then CUT OFF THE ARTERY OF HIS (i.e. Muhammad’s) HEART: nor could any of you withhold him (from Our wrath).”

Examining the verses quoted, viz. Chapter 10 verse 15; Chapter 17 verse 73 to 75; Chapter 69 verses 43 to 47; Muhammad would never have deviated from the Divine Revelation because the warnings are so clear to him personally!

Muhammad was unlearned, and could only recite the message as commanded but could not write it down himself. He had scribes to write The Revelation as it was Revealed, see further on:

Chapter 29 verse 48. “And thou (i.e. Muhammad) wast not (able) to recite a Book before This (Qur’ân came), nor art thou (i.e. Muhammad) (able) to transcribe IT (i.e. Qur’ân) with thy right hand: in that case, indeed, would the talkers of vanities have doubted.”

In the following verse Muhammad is referred again as unlettered, but take special note that Muhammad was foretold in the At-Taûrat thousands of years before he was actually born:

Chapter 7 verse 157. “Those who follow the messenger, the unlettered Prophet, whom they find mentioned in their own (scriptures), - in the At-Taûrat and the Al-Injeel; - for he (i.e. Muhammad) commands them what is just and forbids them what is evil; He allows them as lawful what is good (and pure) and prohibits them from what is bad (and impure); He releases them from their heavy burdens and from the yokes that are upon them. So it is those who believe in him, honour him, help him, and follow the light (i.e. Qur’ân) which is sent down with him (i.e. Muhammad), - it is they who will prosper.”

He had honourable scribes to write the revelation:

“Nûn! We (i.e. Allâh) bring to evidence the pen and (the Qur’ân) that is being reduced to writing by the people (wal-Qalami wa mâ yasturûn) as a proof that by the grace of your Rabb you are not out of your senses”. (Al-Qur’ân Chapter 68 verses 1-2. Translation by Dr. Kamal Omar)

“(The Qur’ânic text is being collected) in the form of noble Booklets which are honoured (and whose text is) kept pure (of contamination) (fî-suhufim-mukarramah marfû-‘atim mutahharah) written by the hands of those who are expert in the art of writing (bi-‘aydî safaratim kirâmim-bararah) (and who are) noble and reliable”. (Al-Qur’ân Chapter 80 verses 13-16. Translation by Dr. Kamal Omar)

Muhammad asked them to read out to him after writing it down so he could check it:

“And they (non-believers) say: ‘tales of the ancients which he (i.e. Muhammad) has got reduced to writing and then (this written material) is further reproduced before him (for final checking) morning and evening’ (iktataba-hâ fahiya tumlâ ‘alayhi bukratanwwa ’asîlâ) (Al-Qur’ân Chapter 25 verse 5. Translation by Dr. Kamal Omar)

“An Apostle from Allâh – reciting the Booklets kept pure (of contamination) within which are the writings whose integrity is permanent.” (Suhufam – mutahharah fîhâ kutubun – qayyimah). (Al-Qur’ân Chapter 98 verses 2 &3. Translation by Dr. Kamal Omar)

“And We (i.e. Allâh) mention as evidence the Book written in straight lines on large scape parchment paper.” (Wa kitâbim – mastûr fî raqqim-manshûr). (Al-Qur’ân Chapter 52 verses 2 & 3 Translation by Dr. Kamal Omar)

¼çm¯RÎ) ×b#uäö )s9 ×Lq̍x. ÇÐÐÈ ’Îû 5=»tGÏ. 5bqãZõ3¨B ÇÐÑÈ w ÿ¼çm¡yJtƒ žwÎ) tbr㍣gsÜßJø9$# ÇÐÒÈ

“This is indeed the Noble Qur’ân in the form of a well guarded Book (Fî kitâbim mak-nûn). None shall grasp IT (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) except those who are clean (in their thoughts, away from preconceived notions). (Al-Qur’ân Chapter 56 verses 77 to 79 Translation by Dr. Kamal Omar)

اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ الْأَكْرَمُ الَّذِي عَلَّمَ بِالْقَلَمِ عَلَّمَ الْإِنسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَمْ

“Proclaim that your Sustainer is the bestower of greatness; He (i.e. Allâh) Who taught the use of pen; taught human beings that which they knew not.” [Al-Qur’ân Chapter 96 verses 3 to 5. Translation by Abdul Wadud]

ن وَالْقَلَمِ وَمَا يَسْطُرُونَ

“We (i.e. Allâh) bring into evidence the pen and that which they write.” [Al-Qur’ân Chapter 68 verse 1. Translation by Abdul Wadud]

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ إِذَا تَدَايَنتُم بِدَيْنٍ إِلَى أَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّى فَاكْتُبُوهُ

“O you who believe! When you deal with each other in transactions involving future obligations in a fixed period of time, reduce them to writing.” [Al-Qur’ân Chapter 2 verse 282. Translation by Abdul Wadud]

وَلاَ تَسْأَمُوْاْ أَن تَكْتُبُوْهُ صَغِيرًا أَو كَبِيرًا إِلَى أَجَلِهِ

“Disdain not to reduce in writing (your contract) for a specific period, whether it be small or big.” [Al-Qur’ân Chapter 2 verse 282. Translation by Abdul Wadud]

Referring to the above verses, Wadud states:“It can readily be inferred from the above that when it is not allowed to leave in doubt the matters related to ordinary mutual transactions, how could the writing of the Qur’ân, the final message for the guidance of mankind, be ignored. That is why the first revelation that came to Muhammad (Allâh is pleased with him) impressed upon him the importance of reducing the verbal message into writing.” (‘Conspiracies against the Qur’ân’ p. 94.)

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SAHABÂHS: [Muhammad’s companions]

Allâh has praised the Muhajirs and Ansars as true believers, because they followed only al-Qur’ân, and sacrificed their lives and property:

Chapter 9 verse 100. “The vanguard (of Islam) - the first (i.e. Muhajirs) of those who forsook (their homes) and of those who gave them aid (i.e. Ansars), and (also) those who follow them in (all) good deeds, - WELL PLEASED IS ALLÂH WITH THEM (i.e. Muhajirs and Ansars), AS ARE THEY (i.e. Muhajirs and Ansars) WITH HIM (i.e. Allâh): for them (i.e. Muhajirs and Ansars) hath He (i.e. Allâh) prepared Gardens under which rivers flow, to dwell therein for ever: that is the Supreme felicity.”

Chapter 33 verse 23: “Among the believers are men (i.e. Muhajirs and Ansars) who have been true to their Covenant with Allâh. Of them some have completed their vow (to the extreme, by laying down their lives), and others (still) wait: but they have never changed (their determination) in the least:”

Those who believed after the Muhajirs and Ansars pray for them:

Chapter 59 verse 9 & 10. “But those who before them, had homes (in Medina) and had adopted the Faith,- show their affection to such as came to them for refuge, and entertain no desire in their hearts for things given to the (latter), but give them preference over themselves, even though poverty was their (own lot). And those saved from the covetousness of their own souls, - they are the ones that achieve prosperity. And those who came after them say: “Our Rabb! forgive us, and our brethren (i.e. Muhajirs and Ansars) who came before us into the faith, and leave not, in our hearts, rancour (or sense of injury) against those who have believed. Our Rabb! Thou art indeed full of kindness, Most Merciful.”

Allâh had opened their hearts to the truth and they were the helpers of Muhammad with their lives and possessions:

Chapter 8 verses 62 & 63: “Should they (i.e. unbelievers) intend to deceive thee (i.e. Muhammad), - verily Allâh sufficeth thee (i.e. Muhammad): He (i.e. Allâh) it is that hath strengthened thee (i.e. Muhammad) with His (i.e. Allâh’s) aid and with (the company of) the Believers; (i.e. Muhajirs and Ansars) and (moreover) He (i.e. Allâh) hath put affection between their hearts (i.e. Muhajirs and Ansars): not if thou (i.e. Muhammad) hadst spent all that is in the earth, couldst thou (i.e. Muhammad) have produced that affection, but Allâh hath done it: for He (i.e. Allâh) is Exalted in Might, Wise.”

Chapter 8 verse 74: “And those (i.e. Muhammad’s first companions) who believed and fled (i.e. Muhajirs) and struggled hard in Allâh’s way, and those (i.e. his companions of Madînah) who gave shelter and helped, (i.e. Ansars) these are the believers truly. For them is forgiveness and an honourable provision.”

The believers specifically mentioned by Allâh in the above verses are the Muhajirs and Ansars. There was no other book in existence during the time of Muhammad that they followed. In chapter 4 verse 115 Allâh says explicitly that if anyone follows a path other than what they (i.e. Muhajirs and Ansars) followed they will go to hell!

Chapter 4 verse 115. [Allâh declares] “…… and follows a path other than that becoming to men of Faith (i.e. Muhajirs and Ansars), We (i.e. Allâh) shall leave him in the path he has chosen, and land him in hell: what an evil refuge!”

Allâh promised to safe-guard the revelation for all time:

Chapter 15 verse 9. We (i.e. Allâh) have without doubt sent down the Message (i.e. Al-Qur’ân); and We (i.e. Allâh) will assuredly guard IT (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) (from corruption).”

The coming of Muhammad and his sahabahs was foretold thousands of years before he was even born:

Chapter 48 verse 29. “Muhammad is the messenger of Allâh. And those (i.e. sahabâhs) who are with him (i.e. Muhammad) are strong against unbelievers, (but) compassionate[4] amongst each other. Thou wilt see them (i.e. sahabâhs) bow and prostrate themselves (in prayer), seeking Grace from Allâh and (His) good Pleasure. On their faces are their marks, (being) the traces of their prostration. This is their similitude in the At-Taûrat; and their similitude in the Injeel is like a seed which sends forth its blade, then makes it strong; it then becomes thick, and it stands on its own stem, (filling) the sowers with wonder and delight. As a result, it fills the unbelievers with rage at them. Allâh has promised those among them who believe and do righteous deeds forgiveness, and a great reward.”

Chapter 7 verse 157. “Those who follow the messenger, the unlettered Prophet, whom they find mentioned in their own (scriptures), - in the At-Taûrat and the Al-Injeel; - …”

ACCUSATIONS:

One finds many different accusations levelled against the Prophet which are all mentioned in the Qur’ân except that of the Qur’ân not being in a BOOK FORM! The Qur’ân has scores of verses that say ‘This is a Book’ and not even once was a counter challenge made on this statement! This is also proof that the Qur’ân was compiled into a Book (albeit not bound in the manner we know) during the lifetime of the Prophet which the unbelievers were well aware of, otherwise they would have definitely levelled that as being false. All their accusations against the Prophet are refuted in the Qur’ân:

[Accusations of ‘magic’ and were levelled also at Nabî Îsâ (Chapter 5 verse 110) and Nabî Mûsâ (Chapter 20 verse 61-63; Chapter 20 verse 71)].

The Prophet was possessed:

Chapter 7 verse 184. “Do they not reflect? Their companion (Muhammad) is not seized with madness: he is but a perspicuous warner.”

Chapter 52 verse 29. “Therefore proclaim thou (i.e. Muhammad) the praises (of thy Rabb): for by the Grace of thy Rabb, thou (i.e. Muhammad) art no (vulgar) soothsayer, nor art thou (i.e. Muhammad) one possessed.”

Chapter 68 verses 1 to 5. “Nun. By the Pen and the (Record) which (men) write, - thou (i.e. Muhammad) are not, by the Grace of thy Rabb, mad or possessed. Nay, verily for thee (i.e. Muhammad) is a Reward unfailing: and thou (i.e. Muhammad) (standest) on an exalted standard of character. Soon wilt thou (i.e. Muhammad) see and they will see, […]”

Chapter 54 verse 47] (Allâh declares) “Truly those in sin are the ones straying in mind, and mad.”

Magician and Falsehood:

Chapter 34 verse 43. “When Our (i.e. Allâh’s) Clear Signs (messages-ayât) are rehearsed to them, they say: “This is only a man who wishes to hinder you from the (worship) which your fathers practised.” And they say, “This is only a falsehood invented!” and the unbelievers say of the Truth when it comes to them, “This is nothing but evident magic!”

Forger

Chapter 16 verse 101. “When We (i.e. Allâh) substitute one revelation for another, - and Allâh knows best what He (i.e. Allâh) reveals (in stages), - they (unbelievers) say: “thou (i.e. Muhammad) art but a forger”: but most of them understand not.”

Chapter 32 verse 3. “Or do they say, “He (i.e. Muhammad) has forged it?” Nay, it is the Truth from thy Rabb that thou (i.e. Muhammad) mayest admonish a people to whom no warner has come before thee: in order that they may receive guidance.”

Chapter 25 verse 4. “But the unbelievers say: “Naught is this but a lie which he (Muhammad) has forged, and others have helped him at it.” In truth it is they who have put forward an iniquity and a falsehood.”

Chapter 25 verse 5. “And they (non-believers) say: ‘tales of the ancients which he (Muhammad) has got reduced to writing and then (this written material) is further reproduced before him (for final checking) morning and evening’ (iktataba-hâ fahiya tumlâ ‘alayhi bukratanwwa ’asîlâ) (Al-Qur’ân 25:5 Translation by Dr. Kamal Omar)

Doubt

Chapter 53 verses 2 to 4. “Your companion, (i.e. Muhammad) is neither astray nor being misled. Nor does he (i.e. Muhammad) say (aught) of (his own) desire. It is no less than inspiration (wâhy) sent down to him (i.e. Muhammad by Allâh):” (cf: Chapter 29 verses 47 to 49; Chapter 42 verse 54)

Imposter

Chapter 38 verse 86. “Say: “No reward do I (i.e. Muhammad) ask of you for this (i.e. Qur’ânic message), nor am I (i.e. Muhammad) an imposter.”

Soothsayer

Chapter 52 verse 29. “Therefore proclaim thou (i.e. Muhammad) the praises (of thy Rabb): for by the Grace of thy Rabb, thou (i.e. Muhammad) art no (vulgar) soothsayer, nor art thou (i.e. Muhammad) one possessed.”

Poet

Chapter 52 verses 30 & 31. “Or do they say: - “a Poet! We await for him (i.e. Muhammad) some calamity (hatched) by time!” Say thou: “Await you! - I (i.e. Muhammad) too will wait along with you!”

Fabricate

Chapter 52 verses 33 & 34. “Or do they say, “He (i.e. Muhammad) fabricated the (Message)”? Nay, they have no faith! Let them then produce a recital like unto it, - if (it be) they speak the truth!”

Unbelievers accused the Prophet of being taught by someone else:

Chapter 16 verses 103 &104. “We (i.e. Allâh) know indeed that they say: “It is a man that teaches him.” The tongue of him they wickedly point to is notably foreign, while this is Arabic, pure and clear. Those who believe not in the ayât of Allâh, - Allâh will not guide them, and theirs will be a grievous Penalty.”

Unbelievers alleged that Qur’ân is Satan’s word: Allâh refutes those spurious allegations:

Chapter 81 verse 25. “Nor is IT (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) the word of Shaitan (Satan) the accursed.”

Chapter 35 verse 6. “Verily Shaitan (Satan) is an enemy to you; so treat him as an enemy. He (Satan) only invites his adherents that they may become companions of the Blazing Fire.”

(Chapter 16 verse 98. “When thou dost read the Qur’ân, seek Allâh’s protection Shaitan (Satan) the rejected one.”

Chapter 58 verse 19. “[…] truly, it is the party of Shaitan that will perish!”

Chapter 6 verse 142. “[…] and follow not the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan): for he is to you and avowed enemy.”

How did Muhammad feel about those accusations?

Chapter 6 verse 33. “We (i.e. Allâh) know indeed the grief which their words do cause thee (i.e. Muhammad): it is not thee (i.e. Muhammad) they reject: it is the ayât (messages) of Allâh, which the wicked condemn.”

Chapter 18 verse 6. “Thou (i.e. Muhammad) wouldst only, perchance, FRET THYSELF (i.e. Muhammad) TO DEATH, after them, in grief, IF THEY BELIEVE NOT IN THIS HADÎTH (message of Al-Qur’ân).” (Check the original Arabic for hadîth in Chapter 18 verse 6)

Al-Qur’ân is the only book that has a falsification test to prove its divine nature. The test is there from the time of its revelation 1400 years ago, and stands till today.

Chapter 4 verse 82. “DO THEY NOT CONSIDER THE QUR’ÂN (with care)? HAD IT (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) BEEN FROM OTHER THAN ALLÂH THEY WOULD SURELY HAVE FOUND THEREIN MUCH DISCREPANCY.”

The unbelievers demanded Muhammad to do the following:

Chapter 17 verse 90 to 93. “They say: we shall not believe in thee (i.e. Muhammad), until thou cause a spring to gush forth for us from the earth, or (until) thou have a Garden of date trees and vines, and cause rivers to gush forth in their midst, carrying abundant water; “or thou cause the sky to fall in pieces, as thou sayest (will happen), against us; or thou bring Allâh and the malâ’ikah before (us) face to face: or thou have a house adorned with gold, or thou mount a ladder right into the skies. No, we shall not even believe in thy mounting until thou send down to us a Book that we could read.”

Allâh commands Muhammad to say he is a human being and cannot do what they ask:

Chapter 17 verse 93. “Say: “Glory to my Rabb! Am I (i.e. Muhammad) anything but a man, - a messenger?”

Chapter 18 verse 110. “Say: “I (i.e. Muhammad) am but a man like yourselves, (but) the Revelation has come to me that your Allâh is one Allâh. Whoever expects to his Rabb let him work righteousness, and in the worship of His Rabb, admit no one as a partner.”

Allâh answered all the above slander and allegations against Muhammad in His Book. If anyone still has any doubts about the authenticity about the Revelation then the following challenges are there for them even today to disprove the Qur’ân:

Chapter 17 verse 88. “Say: IF THE WHOLE OF MANKIND AND JINNS WERE TO GATHER TOGETHER TO PRODUCE THE LIKE OF THIS QUR’ÂN, THEY COULD NOT PRODUCE THE LIKE THEREOF, even if they backed up each other with help and support.”

Chapter 2 verse 23 & 24. “And if ye are in doubt as to what We (i.e. Allâh) have revealed from time to time to Our servant (i.e. Muhammad), THEN PRODUCE A SURA LIKE THEREUNTO; and call your witnesses or helpers (if there are any) besides Allâh, if your (doubts) are true.” “But if ye cannot- and of a surety ye cannot- then fear the Fire whose fuel is men and stones,- which is prepared for those who reject Faith.”

Chapter 10 verse 37. “THIS QUR’ÂN IS NOT SUCH AS CAN BE PRODUCED BY OTHER THAN ALLÂH. On the contrary it is a confirmation of (revelations) that went before IT (i.e. Qur’ân), and a fuller explanation of the Book - wherein there is no doubt - from the Rabb of the worlds.” (cf: Chapter 20 verse 133)

Chapter 10 verse 32. “Such is Allâh, your real Cherisher and Sustainer: APART FROM TRUTH (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) WHAT (remains) BUT ERROR? How then are ye turned away?”

Chapter 10 verse 82: “AND ALLÂH BY HIS (i.e. Allâh’s) WORDS (i.e. Al-Qur’ân) DOTH PROVE AND ESTABLISH HIS (i.e. Allâh’s) TRUTH, however much the sinners may hate it!”

Chapter 42 verse 24. “What! Do they say “he (i.e. Muhammad) has forged a falsehood against Allâh?” But if Allâh willed, He (i.e. Allâh) could seal up thy (i.e. Muhammad’s) heart, and Allâh blots out vanity, and PROVES THE TRUTH BY HIS WORDS (i.e. Qur’ân). For He (i.e. Allâh) knows well the secrets of all hearts.”

Chapter 11 verse 13. “Or they say, “he (i.e. Muhammad) forged IT (i.e. Al-Qur’ân),” say, “Bring ye then ten suras forged, like unto IT (i.e. Al-Qur’ân), and call (to your aid) whomsoever ye can, other than Allâh. - if ye speak the truth!”

Chapter 10 verse 38. “Or do they say, “He (i.e. Muhammad) forged it”? Say: “Bring then a Sura like unto it, and call (to your aid) anyone you can besides Allâh, if it be ye speak the truth!”