Artificial Intelligence and Its Change in the World
In recent years, we’ve been exposed to increasing amounts of headlines about the possibility of machines becoming more intelligent than human beings, and even wresting control over the planet from us entirely. These threatening predictions, which may or may not yet come true, are the result of significant developments in the computer science field called artificial intelligence (also known as AI).
The field was born out of the aspiration to produce machines that could replicate the actions of human beings with the scope of replacing them, thus negating the need for manual labor. This has led to many jobs that previously required a human being to do them being lost to automation forever. It is necessary, however, to make a clear distinction between automation and artificial intelligence. While a machine is only imbued with the level of intelligence required to undertake a given task or tasks (think of a robot working on an assembly line in a car factory), the notion of artificial intelligence pertains to how close in intelligence machines are (and can become) when compared to human beings. Let's take a closer look at how artificial intelligence is changing the world almost beyond recognition: Artificial intelligence
So what exactly is artificial intelligence?
The most basic definition of artificial intelligence, as defined by one of its fathers, Professor Marvin Minsky, is "the science of making machines do things that would require intelligence if done by men."
Turing test – how to tell if a machine has intelligence
The test, named after computer scientist Alan Turing, was developed in 1950 as a standard tool to help experts decide whether a computerized machine has artificial intelligence. The way the test works is by having a human evaluator judge natural language conversations between a human and a machine. To do this, the evaluator converses with a few participants (both human and machine) without knowing who he is speaking to. The conversation is held through computer keyboard and screen. It the evaluator can’t differentiate between the human and the machine, then the machine is said to have artificial intelligence.