5:20 Recall when Moses said, “O My people! Remember God's blessings that He raised Prophets among you and made you your own masters. And He gave you what He had not given to any other people.
5:21 O My people! Enter the Sacred Land that God has decreed for you, as long as you hold fast to His Laws. But, if you turn back in flight, you will be overthrown to your own ruin.” [Sacred Land = Can’aan = Syria-Palestine, 2:125, 6:137, 12:58, 12:94, 21:71, 23:50, 26:59, 29:26, 30:3, 44:3, Introduction to Surahs: 12, 14, 19]
17:104 After that We said to the Children of Israel, "Dwell now securely on earth but remember that when the last promise comes to pass, We shall bring you as a crowd gathered out of various communities." [The first two promises: 7:157, 17:5, 17:7]
17:4 We had informed the Children of Israel in the Scripture, "Surely, you will work corruption on the earth twice, and show great arrogance and tyranny.”
17:5 When the first of the warnings came to pass, We sent against you Our servants of great might (armies of Nimrod Nebuchadnezzar, the King of Babylon) who ravaged your country, a warning fulfilled (and took you to Babylon as slaves in 586 BC).
17:6 Then, We granted you victory over them (when King Cyrus of Persia defeated the Babylonians and brought you back to your country in 520 BC). We then, helped you with wealth and children and made you numerous in soldiery.
17:7 We made it clear, “If you do collective good, you will be doing good to yourselves. And if you do evil, you will hurt yourselves. (You did not heed these warnings), and then the second warning came to pass. [The Roman General Titus invaded Jerusalem in 70 CE. His armies entered the Temple and destroyed everything they conquered completely, just as the Babylonians had done before]
17:8 Now is the time that your Lord may bless you with His mercy (as the Final Messenger is in your midst 7:157). If you repeat your transgressions, We will counter with retribution. We have made Hell a prison for opponents of the Divine Order.
17:9 Surely, this Qur’an guides to what is most upright, and gives good news of a great reward to those who accept it, and benefit the creation.
17:10 And for those who disbelieve in the life to come, We have readied grievous suffering.
7:157 (Now the Law has been revealed to Prophet Muhammad.) Those who follow the Messenger, the gentile Prophet, will find him well described* in the Torah and the Gospel with them. He enjoins upon them the Right, and forbids them the Wrong. He declares lawful all good things, and declares unlawful only the unclean things. He relieves people from the burdens of false dogmas they carried. He breaks the shackles of mental and physical slavery that they used to carry, and brings them out from darkness into Light. Those who believe in him, honor and support him, and follow the Light that has been sent forth with him, are the eternally successful. [5:15, 65:11, 76:4. He learned to read and write after the Revelation (29:48). *Deuteronomy: 18:15-18. Gospel of John: 14:16, 15:26, 16:7 Paracletos = Comforter, from original Greek Periclytos = The praised one. In Aramaic, Mawhamana = The praised one. Please note 'Zulumaat' used in plural and 'Light' in singular indicating that the darkness of ignorance comes in many forms whereas the Light of truth is only one]
7:158 Say, "O Mankind! I am God’s Messenger to all of you (beyond temporal and geographical bounds.) The Messenger of Him to Whom belongs the Dominion of the heavens and earth. There is no god but He. He has absolute control over the fountain spring of life and over the laws of transition to death. So, believe in God and His Messenger, the Prophet to whose people no Scripture was given before, and who believes in God and in His Words. Follow him so that you may be rightly guided.”
7:159 The people of Moses were given similar guidance and a section among them was guided and did justice in truth.
7:160 We set up twelve tribal communities among the Israelites (for effective administration). When his people asked for water, We revealed to Moses, “Strike the rock with your staff!” And twelve springs gushed forth from there. Each group knew its own place of water. We gave them the shade of clouds, and manna and quails, saying, “Eat of the good things We have provided you.” (After a time, the corrupters in that wonderful society started dissenting.) They did not harm Us, but they did harm their own ‘self’. [2:60, 3:7. Remember the times when they were in the Sinai desert and there was shortage of water. Moses asked for water for his people and God guided him to a rock under which were hidden twelve springs of water ready to gush forth. Moses, with the strength of his conviction and with the help of his companions, unclogged those springs and each of the twelve tribes found their respective source of fresh cool water. Moses had established the Divine System of life. God will open the blessings of the heavens and earth for any nation that accepts His Laws and works for the collective good of humanity. Such abundance with equity is no less than a heavenly "Table spread" that ensures freedom from want for all, in the shadow of Divine grace. They enjoyed delicious bird meat and vegetation they had grown in the oasis of their own making. For Manna and Salwa, see Glossary in Introduction to QXP]
7:161 And remember it was said to them, “Dwell in this town (Palestine 5:21) and enjoy the provisions as you wish. Enter the gate humbly and say, ‘Hittatun’, ‘Our Lord! Absolve our misdeeds as we mend our ways.’ Then do what you say and We shall forgive you your misdeeds. We increase the reward for the doers of good.” [2:58]
7:162 But, some of the wrongdoers began changing the Word of God that was taught to them, and displaced it with their own fabrications. So, We caused them to weaken and waver, for they violated the commands. [Rijz = Weakness = Disease = Plague = Beri beri, a neurological weakness in the camel and in humans caused by Vit B1 deficiency (erroneously described under Ithm in QXPi). Rijam-min-Assama = Heavenly punishment resulting in moral and physical weakness. 2:59-61, 5:22-24, 7:134, 8:11, 29:34, 34:5]
7:163 Ask the Israelites about the township (Elat) that was located by the sea, and they had violated the Sabbath. The big fish used to come on the surface in abundance on their day of Sabbath, feeling secure, and did not come up on other days. (But the community failed to persevere, and broke the Sabbath to get a good catch.) Thus We tested them to see for themselves how they drift away from discipline.
7:164 The kind-hearted among them kept reminding the violators. And others said, “Why do you preach a people whom God’s requital is going to destroy or punish them with a severe torment?” The counselors said, “In order to be free of guilt before your Lord that we failed to advise - And in the hope that they live upright.”
7:165 When they disregarded the reminders, We saved the ones who admonished them, and punished those who transgressed and drifted away from the command.
7:166 As they persisted with their rebellious behavior, Our Laws caused their disposition take a downward turn and they developed apish mentality. We told them, “Be the living symbols of humiliation.”
7:167 And remember, your Lord proclaimed that He would raise against them until the Day of Resurrection, people who will persecute them. Your Lord is Swift in retribution, yet any people who mend their ways, will find Him Forgiving, Merciful.
7:168 And We scattered them into different communities throughout the earth. Among them some are righteous, and some are opposite. Through the turns of history We have caused them to experience easy and difficult times, in order that they might return to Our Laws.
7:169 But, the succeeding generations that inherited the Scripture, did no better. They became more materialistic, falling for instant gains. Yet, they insist, "We will be forgiven, and would not have to account for it." And they keep longing for material gains. Didn’t they promise to uphold the Scripture, and not to say about God but the truth? And they have studied the commands in it! The long-term benefit and the abode of the Hereafter are better for those who deal justly with people and live upright. Will you not use sense?
7:170 Those who hold fast to the Book of God, and establish the Divine System, We never squander the reward of those committed to social welfare.
7:171 They must recall that the Mount Sinai stands over them as a telling witness. The mountain could shake with a quake and fall to be level with them but the Divine Guidance is the unwavering truth (13:31). We said, “Hold firmly what We have given you and remember its teachings so that you live upright.”
7:172 When your Lord brought forth generations in succession from the Children of Adam, and made them bear witness, “Am I not your Lord?” They said, “Yes, we bear witness.” Thus, you cannot say on the Resurrection Day, “We were not aware of this.” [Min Zuhoorihim = From their posterity = In succession = One generation following another. The uninterrupted survival of mankind is a telling witness that there is an Almighty Lord Who nourishes the Universe according to His Master Plan]
7:173 Nor can you say, “It was our forefathers before us who committed ‘Shirk’ and we are only their descendants after them. Will you destroy us on account of those who practiced falsehood?” [‘Shirk’ = Associating others with God. No one will bear the load of another. 2:134, 39:7]
7:174 Thus We explain Our verses in all clarity so that people return (to the Book).
7:175 And tell them what happened to him whom Our Messages were conveyed but he cast them off. Thus Satan (his selfish desires) overpowered him until he became of those who lost their way.