Prof. Uri Rubin views of the following based on [ cross ref.] the Quran, hadith and history books.
APES, PIGS, AND THE ISLAMIC IDENTITY
“That Jews and Christians were once transformed into apes and pigs by
way of punishment, is a well-known Islamic idea. It is based on the Quran
and is elaborated in Islamic literature.' The aim of the present article is to
illuminate a less explored aspect of the theme, namely, transformation
into apes and pigs as a punishment meted out to Muslims.?
In what follows the process of the adaptation of this Jewish-Christian
type of punishment to Muslims will be traced, and its role within the
Islamic context will be elucidated. It will become clear that the punishment
was not applied to Muslim sinners at random, but rather to sinners whose
deeds had a Jewish or a Christian connotation. It will be demonstrated
that the traditions adapting the punitive transformation to Muslims were
designed to confront Jewish and Christian elements which penetrated
Islamic society and were considered a threat to the genuine Islamic identity.”