AsSalaam O Alaikum (Peace be always with you. AMEEN.)
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Fatwa on Punishment of Blasphemy based on Quraan
By Irshad Mahmood – Director, Siraat-al-Mustaqeem Dawah Centre
Blasphemy is the act of insulting or showing contempt or lack of reverence to a deity, to religious or holy persons or sacred things, or toward something considered sacred or inviolable. No Muslim is a Muslim if he/she doesn’t feel pain/hurt due to Blasphemy of any of the Prophets/Messengers of Allah including Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), Isa (Jesus), Dawood (David) and Muhammad (Peace-Be-Upon-Them). Laws of Makka al Mukarrama and Al Madina Al Monawara where disbelievers are not allowed to visit or live cannot be applied to rest of the Islaamic Countries. Similarly Laws of Islaamic Countries cannot be applied to rest of the world. People are not allowed to take laws into their own hand. Violence is hurting Islaam very badly. It is becoming extremely difficult to do Dawah in Non-Muslim countries after any single violence by a single Muslim. A wise approach could be to reply in the media, to participate in peaceful demonstrations, or take legal actions seeking punishment or compensation and even boycott goods or apply political pressure since it’s a matter of personal choice.
Freedom of Speech does not mean hurting the feelings of others and in this case 1.8 Billions of Muslims around the world, so there must be checks and balances with tolerances to co-exist in our Global Village. There is law for many things but there is no law for hurting 1.8 Billions of Muslims feelings is unjust, double standard and is not acceptable to Muslims. Is there any law for hurting peoples feeling who are living in minority. Positive dialogues must be established including live on Media (e.g. TV) where people can ask direct questions from scholars.
Bullying can hurt someone so severely that one might commit suicide or kill others. In Ontario, Canada, there is law known as Bill-14, for Anti-Bullying Act in school, and the principal may suspend or expel any student found guilty of bullying a student. Now the world is joining together in a Global Village and is learning to live together. Everybody must have right to live peacefully without being hurt including by bullying. It is extremely necessary to pass a strict International Law to prevent this from happening again and hurting People’s feelings of any faith. Pope Francis on free speech: ‘You cannot insult the faith of others’, Josephine McKenna | January 15, 2015.
Muslims are strongly urged to organized true peaceful rally, writing articles and presenting to Religious & Political Leaders, Countries National Assemblies and United Nations for such issues of Blasphemy of any of the Prophets/Messengers of Allah including Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), Isa (Jesus), Dawood (David) and Muhammad (Peace-Be-Upon-Them).
Currently Muslims actions in Muslim Countries are hurting Islaam badly due to un-Islaamic behavior, since they are not taking guidance from the Quraan. Forget about blasphemy against Allah, his Prophets (Peace-Be-Upon-Them) and Sahaba (Raḍiyul-Laahu-Anhu), even if someone says anything about Religious Scholars (Faqui, Peer, Molvi or Mufti etc.), we are just so ready to KILL, KILL and KILL again and destroy our own economy with our own hands and put Billions of Dollars of losses in just few hours, which might have taken ages to established. This could be Shaitaan’s another Trap to destroy Muslims economy. True Muslim’s actions must be to build this world heavenly likely instead of destroying it. Forgiveness is the key to start with, and keeping in mind we are living in one global village and we need to apply wisdom to prove that Islaam is truly a Peaceful Religion/Deen.
Those who do unjust including bribing, cheating, unjust favoring, looting, steeling, robbing, killing or punishing innocents instead of actual criminals etc. are clearly declared as disbelievers in the Quraan, (Ref: Al_Quraan_005_044, 045, 047).
Blasphemy and these types of slogans are not new and many times, Prophet Muhammad (Peace-Be-Upon-Him) was subjected to verbal and physical humiliation. He (Peace-Be-Upon-Him) was narrowly escaped assassination by migrating to Medina along with Hazrat Abu Bakar (Raḍiyul-Laahu-Anhu). He was accused of FORGERY, (Ref: Al_Quraan_021.005), and MAD/CRAZY/POSSESSED, (Ref: Al_Quraan_068.002). His personal reaction, as also the reaction of all his devoted Companions (Raḍiyul-Laahu-Anhu), while both in and out of power, was impeccable adherence to the Quraanic teachings.
Punishment for Physical Abuse/Crime in the Quraan: The Quraan sets strict limits on punishment for any and every physical abuse/crime, i.e. tit for tat, e.g., eye for eye, teeth for teeth and wounds for similar wounds as its maximum punishment, while recommends to forgive to set a role model for others, (Ref: Al_Quraan_002.178, 004.092-093, 005.032, 005.045, 062.040, 028.054). The honorable ministers and lawyers must have clear knowledge of the Quraanic directives on crime and its punishment.
And if you punished, let your punishment be proportionate to the wrong that has been done to you; but if you show patience, that is indeed the best course, (Al_Quraan_016.126).
Although Muslims are urged to be very patients in the Quraan in every matters including Blasphemy, however Allah has given very limited authority to Islaamic Government to established peace in Muslims Countries as last option in a balanced way, (Ref: Al_Quraan_018.028, 004.059, 004.140, 005:033, 005.57, 006.068, 018.106, 033.60-62, 045.33). Remember there are very strict laws in the Bible in Book of Leviticus 24:16 and also in Hindus Holy Book Manusmriti 9:248 for Blasphemy as well. True peaceful rally in front of Parliament/Secretariat Buildings, Courts and Palaces etc. is necessary during the weekends, which do not hurt Peoples economy. True Islaamic Government must fines those doing these types of verbal abuses/crimes, in addition to put them into jail for limited time and teach them all the Quraanic (True Book of Guidance) Messages in their language during this jail time regardless of diplomats or high officials, (Ref: Al_Quraan_009.006). Anyone entering into Muslims Country must be taught a Brief Quraanic Messages before issuing them visas including Diplomats and High Officials.
Be patient with what they say, celebrate (constantly) the praises of thy Lord and leave them with noble (dignity), (Ref: Al_Quran_020.130, 050:039, 073.010).
Why Blame Others: Pointing fingers is actually pointing three fingers on you. Mischiefs/Oppressions could also be done by those religious scholars who exploit Muslims to come on the street violently by taking the laws in their own hands, since they do not understand the wisdom of the Quraan. It is duty on every single Muslims Men and women to at least read few verses from the Quraan with translation DAILY and if they need more explanation on those verses then consult Religious Scholars, not just one but must have second, third and fourth opinions, including from other sects, just like for your critical and complex treatments, many times you need to consult more doctors for second, third and fourth opinions, if you are smart enough.
Actions needed by Muslim Scholars/Ulemaas and Muslims Countries:
All Muslim Scholars/Ulemaas and Muslims Countries are urged to immediately arranged special task force to consolidate all Hadeeth books into one Authentic, Approved and Issued by Saudi Arabia and remove all un-authentic hadeeth which contradict the Quraan. Also they need to re-define/re-write Sharia Law in the light of the Quraan. Otherwise more and more sever nature of Blasphemy may arise for which Allah may punish those Muslims, Muslim Scholars/Ulemaas and Muslims Countries who do not participate or support to clean up all the mess which contradict the Quraan. Remember Age of Ayesha (RA) was 18+Plus, as according to the teaching of the Quraan age of puberty is necessary and if you re-check the Islaamic History and re-calculate it. Ayesha (RA) was born in Makka al Mukarrama and later migrated to Al Madina Al Monawara. Also Prophet Muhammad (Peace-Be-Upon-Him) never had another wife/wives during the life of his first loving wife Khadija.
What about those criminals because of whom Islaam goes on trial? What if Allah will put them into the Category of Blasphemy, since disbelievers pointing fingers on the Quraan, Islaam, or Prophets because of their wrong actions or sayings etc.? Rasool Allah (Peace-Be-Upon-Him) was walking Quraan and every Muslims must reflect on the Directive of the Quraan (true book of guidance). Be careful on what you say, or what you do, and what you preach, since it may matters in front of Allah.
We Muslims highly appreciate this Great Statement by Pope Francis on free speech on January 15, 2015, ‘You cannot insult the faith of others’. Freedom of Speech does not mean hurting the feelings of others and NO one should be allowed on bullying or insulting others including others faiths. There must be an International Laws to punish those who insult others faiths which ignites Global Terrorism.
Muslims are First Victims of Global Terrorism, Fanaticism, Fundamentalism, Intolerance, Discrimination and Racism. When others are victims, you hear on the main stream media round the clock 7 days a week, but when Muslims are victims they are hardly presented on the main stream media. When around 40 million Muslims were victims on false accusation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, main stream media hardly covered them except for only few times instead of 400 years, which is totally unjust with Muslim Community and it has become breeding grounds for Criminal Minds. No one is there to wipe off tears of 40 million Muslims and help them re-build. For few centuries Muslims are being Holocaust, Genocide, Massacre & Ethnic Cleanse till the beginning of 21st century and no one know how long will it continue against them.
And withhold yourself with those who call on their Lord morning and evening desiring His goodwill, and let not your eyes pass from them (always yes sir, till they follow the Quraan and Really Authentic Sunnah), desiring the beauties of this world's life; and do not follow him whose heart We have made unmindful to Our remembrance, and he follows his low desires and his case is one in which due bounds are exceeded, (Al_Quraan_018.028).
No Muslim is a Muslim if one takes laws in his/her own hand and unjustly kill or hurt anyone including for Blasphemy. He/she don’t deserve to be called as Muslim rather a Hypocrite, (Ref: Al_Quraan_005.044-047).
If Quraan cannot convince you nothing will: None argue concerning the revelations (Ayaat) of Allah BUT those who Disbelieve ..., (Al_Quraan_040.004).
The command is for none but Allah, (Al_Quraan_018:026).
Hypocrites read the Quraan but practice something else.
Read Al-Quraan, the Miracle of Miracles and free from contradictions and errors
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