Dawood wrote "Since there is no verse in Quran correcting prophet related to the “call for prayers”, it is clearly understood to be sanctioned by God implicitly."
Another way of looking at this is that the Messenger did not call people to prayers as it is not in the Quran and so the idea is false that it was done correctly and did not need ‘correcting’. The two options we are left with is:
1.do it as it is following what our ancestors have told us, from the hadith,
2.do not do it by following what is in the Quran alone.
The Quran explicitly states that we are to judge what people are doing by what the Quran says, we cannot do or continue something because it is not stopped/mentioned in the Quran!
10:37 This Qur’an could not possibly have been devised by anyone except God. Nay, it is a confirmation of the (truth in) the earlier revelations, and a clear exposition of the Eternal laws. Without any trace of doubt, this Book is from the Lord of the Worlds. [While it confirms the surviving truth in the previous revelations, it is a Watcher over them and ignores and, where necessary, corrects the human touch in them. 2:75, 2:78-79, 2:101, 3:70-71, 3:78, 3:186-187, 5:13, 5:41, 6:91-92, 9:31]
You cannot confirm the truth of previous scriptures by remaining silent on a subject and leaving it to personal of ancestral opinion that a thing is a religious obligation and must be done or else we are denying the Quran!
This leaves the problem:
12:106 The majority of people do not believe in God without remaining ‘MUSHRIKS’. [‘Shirk’ = Idol worship in different forms. ‘Mushrik’ = One who calls upon gods besides God, associates others with Him, or believes in false deities = One who ascribes partners to Him, submits to false authorities, or follows clergy instead of Divine Revelation = One who blindly follows his desires]
12:107 Do they consider themselves secure from the overwhelming requital of God, or the sudden coming of the Hour while they perceive not?
12:108 Say (O Prophet), “This is my way. Resting my call upon reason, I am calling you all to God, I and those who follow me. Glory to God! And I am not one of those who ascribe divinity in any form besides Him.” [We do not invite through blind faith, vague dogmas or by stunning your intellect with miracles]
12:109 And even before you, We sent none but men to whom We revealed Our messages – (Men) chosen from the people of the townships. Have they then never journeyed about the earth to see what happened in the end to those who lived before them? But the home of the Hereafter is best for those who live upright. Will you not then, use reason?
12:110 There have been times when even the Messengers had lost all hope of reformation and thought that they had been denied. Then came Our help. We saved according to Our laws (those worthy of being saved). And none can repel Our retribution from the guilty who thrive on the fruit of others’ toil.
12:111 Indeed in the history of these men, there is a lesson for people of understanding. As for this revelation, it could not possibly be a Hadith, fabricated. It confirms the (surviving truth in) the previous Scriptures, and gives a detailed explanation of everything. And it is a beacon and mercy for all those who accept it. [2:79, 2:101, 3:78, 3:187, 5:48]
6:119 Why would you refuse to eat on which God’s name has been mentioned? He has explained to you in detail what is forbidden along with certain exceptions, when in dire need. Numerous of the clergy mislead people in this matter without knowledge, and with their personal opinions. Surely, your Lord, He is best Aware of those who transgress and go beyond limits. [5:3]
You cannot forbid what is not forbidden and BY IMPLICATION you cannot make lawful/a religious rite anything not mentioned in the Quran. You want to chop a bit off your anatomy, do so, but it is not sanctioned by Allah.