Divorce is the legal annulment of the marriage contract between a man and a woman. It is not a happy occasion and involves feelings of resentment, anger and other negative emotions. Without guidance, it is easy to incline to injustice. As such, arbitration, notice period, option for reconciliation, etc. have been detailed in the Quran, to be complied with by both the parties.
Before commencing with the guidance on the subject of divorce in the Quran in Surah alBaqarah, we are told:
وَلَا تَجْعَلُوا اللَّهَ عُرْضَةً لِّأَيْمَانِكُمْ أَن تَبَرُّوا
وَتَتَّقُوا وَتُصْلِحُوا بَيْنَ النَّاسِ
وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ
Do not swear by God not to do good things,
or have piety, or make peace among people.
God is All-hearing and All-knowing.
[Al-Quran, 2:224, Translator: Muhammad Sarwar]