Conflict is Not between East & West
Religion & Reformation
--- Dhirendra Sharma
The Gandhi- Effect:
Humans make history by fighting, but the Gandhi- Effect offers Reconciliation mantra for Peace and Progress in 21st century globalisation..
In the beginning of Civilisation, everything on Earth and in Heaven was fixed by the Perfect God who had created imperfect Men ( not women) in His own Image. Since the Men believed, the Creator to be Perfect, for 5000 years, no human- intervention was necessary with the Divine dispensation.
In 20th century, however, Neo-conservatives believe that the modern science was rooted in the Divine testaments of the bygone age. There are Religious Science groups, e.g., The Vedic ( Hindu Science), The Christian Science, The Islamic Science, who claim that their Divine Messengers had communicated with the Creator in the Heavens. But there is no authentic evidence/ record indicative that any Ancient Scientist( Rishi), or Messiah or the God-incarnate (Avatar ) had ever questioned the God-Perfect why His Human (Men) creation is imperfect.
History of World Religions makes it clear that no God Incarnate or Messenger ever felt it necessary to manufacture Wings to fly men to Heavens or Paradise or to Moksha. Some chauvinists believe that the flying machines were known to the divine messengers Rishis.
Nevertheless, the Prophets of all faiths had promised carefree living, after death, but for their own followers, in un- specified heavenly abode, called Moksha, Nirvana or Paradise.
If the Necessity is the Mother of Invention, in the ancient times habitation were close to river banks, so horses and elephants were suffice. To walk to short distances.
The distant continents, the New Worlds, \ Americas were not yet discovered. Still, the Hindus were forbidden to cross the oceans.But as it was necessary for birds to fly over the Oceans, they were equived with the wings. The Lord did not design humans to fly.
Therefore, to believe that in Pre-science Age, any Eastern or Western could have invented a flying machine is an irrational jingoist narrative.In fact, when in the 17-18th Century, the Age of Discovery , the English (Christians) arrived in India, the natives were living at “a very low level of ignorance, superstition, extravagance and immorality” where polygamy, child marriage, and burning the widows ( satis) were prevalent among the Hindus.
“Not less than five thousand men (Hindus) held the protest meeting in Calcutta against banning the Satis and legalizing re-marriage of widows. The Brahmins (organised) in a body bewailed their hard fate that the ancient caste of Hinduism was attacked by a foreign ( Christian) government at the instigation of outcastes.”
( The Times of India, December 8,1855.)
The History of the World Religions have recorded Religious civil wars and the Crusades among. the Arab –Judiac-Christian-Islamic world.
History had recorded many caste and communal- sectarian wars among the Hindus and within the Muslims majority states.
No Holy Men of any Faith or Religion, or Divine Messenger, No Pope, had ever questioned the Divine dispensation against women, the out castes and the slaves.
Rape is not a sin in any Holy Book.
Those who think the conflict is between East and the West, ignore the historical fact that Equality and Social Justice are progressive Secular narratives that were not known to the Faith-healers of the earlier times.
According to the Concerned Scientists and Philosophers to justify any sectarian violence as “revenge”, or resistance to the evolving Democratic globalisation, in 21st century as Western cultural onslaught, is at best anti-reformation politics.
Today, the bio-scientists have found no exclusive Blood group that divides humanity in terms of gender, caste, country, region or religion. Yet, Non-discriminatory democratic Social order was never the objective of any Religion In ancient India, the caste and gender discrimination were justified on the authority of the Divine Testament the Rigveda,Purush-sukta.
The lower social status of women and the poor/ were ordained by the Law of Karma. “The shudra –dalits were born from the feet of God.”
( padbhyam shudro ajaayat ).
And Lord Krishna says that “ women, traders, peasants and Dalits were born in lowly social status due to their sinful karma- papayonis.” ( Gita 9.32).
Therefore, No Holy Men of any Faith or Religion, no Vedic Rishi, or Divine Messenger, No Pope, No Shakaracharya in history had ever questioned the Divine dispensation against women, the out castes and the slaves.
The Concerned scientists had, therefore, in 21st Century Manifesto, stated that conflicting issues are indicative of ever widening gap between Scientific Knowledge and the cultural belief systems. Neo-conservatives using the advanced technological tools, were defending the outdated sectarian belief systems.
Gandhiji was prophetic when the Mahatma said:
“All Religions are imperfect as they are Men-made.”
The conflict is, therefore, not between East and West, but between Science and Religion. For thousands of years, Dissent was not permitted in any Religion or society. Women, low-caste citizens and the slaves had no civil rights. Caste and tribal- identities were used to enforce sectarian authority by social discrimination. The force ( violence )was used against “ the others”, the outcasts, the outsiders, and the “Kafir”, the Infidels.
Today, according to the Concerned Scientists and Philosophers it is irrational political reasoning to justify the Jihadi violence as “revenge”, or the last resort of resistance against the democratic socio- cultural reformation..
In fact, all Faiths had disfranchised the women, and the non-believers. There is no Fatwa against raping women, or killing the infidels. And the killing of the non-believer ( kafir) was prescribed. There is no Commandment in any Holy book against raping or stoning to death a female, or a slave.
Democracy is the modern scientific mantra that grants Equal Civil Rights to all, irrespective of gender, caste, class, race, region and religion.
Karl Marx ( 1818-83) was the first messiah who declared that “the Religion is the opium of the masses.” There is a statue of Gandhi outside the British Parliament in London. But no Arab-muslim country has a memorial for Marx or Gandhi. In the Islamic history, we find no Gandhi or Mandela to bring Reconciliation among the Shia-Sunni sectarian divides.
The messiah of Social Revolution, Karl Marx and the Humanist Gandhi were not found in the text books of the Islamic schools and universities.
The Gandhi- Effect:
Humans make history by fighting, but the Gandhi- Effect offers Reconciliation polity for Peace and Progress in 21st century globalisation.
Today, in the globalisation world order, we shall live together or perish together.
India AND Pakistan are armed with 200 Nuclear Weapons of Mass Destruction,
In the South Asian ( Indian ) sub-continent, though divided we are, we need to begin with the Chai -boy Modis’s assertion that “the World is One Family”. And that the South Asians share not only geo-graphical space but also a common history and culture. Mrs. Benazir Bhutto had observed that
“There is a bit of Indian in every Pakistani and there is an element of Pakistan in every Indian.”
History teaches us not to repeat the past mistakes. India is a multi-religious and multi-cultural Secular Democratic Republic. The world’s largest muslim population is born Indian. It is imperative, therefore, that the peoples of South Asian community give up fighting for exclusive regional, sub-national, sectarian or religious identities.
Threat to Islam is not from any Hindu or Jewish state. There is not a single Hindu State in the world. Israel is but a single small democratic state. But the 26 Islamic states had declared War against Israel.
Historically, the Divine Warriors of Islam are responsible for eliminating of the democratic leaders from the Arab-muslim countries including Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan.
Dr. Wali Khan, in The Untold Story of India’s Partition, observed that “the Muslim League had not fought for (Indian) freedom,..it did not launch any movement against the British..but for the British, Pakistan would never have come into existence.” (p. 136) The attitude of leaders of “the Muslim League was unpardonable. …It is heart-rending that communal hatred flared up to an extent that people slit the throats of their neighbours and friends…Against the background of this carnage, leaders (of the Muslim League) were seeking power, seats of authority, portfolios, and public offices….The top guns ..and others were taking possession of the abandoned properties of the migrants…”p. 137)
Genocide of the muslims were committed by the muslims. Democratically elected Heads and Prime Ministers - Liyakat Ali Khan, Mr.Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Mrs. Benazir Bhutto, Bangladesh President Mujibur Rehman and his family, were assassinated by the followers of the Divine Faith of the Dark Ages.
We the people of South Asia, have to forget the past caste and communal identities.
Geographically, South Asia is an inseparable entity with multi-religious peoples. The cause of conflict between the two South Asian nuclear weapons states ( India and Pakistan), cannot be “self-defense” or revenge against each others.
Nonetheless, in a Union, no “nation-state” is deprived of its Sovereign identity. All member states can keep their flags, and Parliament. But within the Union, all member nation-states, work together for common security, and scientific industrial and economic development.
In 20th century, all white European Christian states had fought Two World wars. They have now united as “One Big European Union” family of 27 states. Formation of the South Asian Democratic Union is, therefore, the historic call of the millions– from Kabul to Karachi, from the Bay of Bengal to the Central Asian Hindu Kush to the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean.
Campaign for South Asian Democratic Union (SADU) call for turning the conflicting borders of the Indian sub-continent into a Democratic United South Asian borderless Family.
That is the Message of SADU campaign.
Ho bhai ka bhai se bhai-chaara. Yehi hai paigaam hamara.
(Author: India’s Nuclear Odyssey, is Director, Science Policy –Research Centre,
and Convenor: Campaign for South Asian Democratic Union.)