MORNING AND EVENING PRAYERS IN
To my teacher, Prof. M.J. Kister,
on his seventieth birthday.
“ Western scholars have already noticed that according to Muslim sources,
before the five daily prayers became part of the "pillars" of Islam, the
Muslims used to pray only twice a day. Goldziher states that "before the
duty of prayer was extended to five times a day, the Muslims are said to
have observed only two canonical times of prayer: morning and afternoon
... ".1 Other scholars, like Mittwoch, for instance, who studied the
evidence of Muslim sources, maintained that the first two prayers which
the Muslims reportedly used to pray daily were sa/at al-fajr (before
sunrise), and salat al- 'isha' (after sunset).'
In the present study various reports and traditions are examined
which may give us a better insight into the evidence of Muslim sources
concerning the first times of prayer in Islam, their special significance, and
their position in relation to other times of prayer.
1. Salat al-duha
A. The first report to be examined was recorded on the authority of al-
Waqidi (d. 207H/823), by al-Baladhun (d. 279H/892).3 This report was
quoted from al-Baladhuri by Ibn Hajar," and it was also reproduced by al-
Maqnzt,' who in turn was quoted by al-I:IalabL6 The most coherent
version of this report of al-Waqidi is that of al-Maqrizl. It reads:
J 1. Goldziher, Muslim Studies, ed. by S.M. Stern, London 1971, I, 43 .”
Zoroastrian prayers have been explained by Dr. Saheb and Br. Jawaid Ahmed in several posts.
Persian Prayer "Namaz"
By:Mirza Kamran Baig, Pakistan
Date: Wednesday, 26 November 2014, 5:47 pm [ date of posting-Our Beacon Forum ]
Dear all respected persons...
Plz find below link regarding excellent work on Persian Pray "Namaz" ... and for those who wants to know more about similarities between current Namaz of Muslims & Persians .. I tried to enter in Persians Ibadat Khana (In saddar Karachi) to watch their prayers live but they didn't allowed me but now a days internet is available for knowledge seekers coz we dont want to learn from Allah's guidance Al-Quran....
Mirza Kamran Baig
Cell # +923222559440