2;183;--Since Siyyam is a training for a few days therefore Tattaqoon is translated as "sot hat you can protect or defend yourselves in the event of any war or contingency.
The calender was introduced in Umar's times as latest research has proved .The month of Ramadan was non-existent when Quran was being revealed gradually spanning over 23 years in bits & pieces .
Pl ponder over ayat once again nothing has been ordained relating to refraining from food .Tattaqoon has not been employed here for self-restraint but "to defend ,to guard against .
Shahro Ramadan needs attention as metaphorical meaning rather than literal .
2.183. O ye who believe! Siyyam is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may defend your selves from all calamities from your opponents .
2.184.This military training is for a fixed number of days; but if any of you is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed number (Should be made up) from days later. For those who can do it (With hardship), is a ransom, the feeding of one that is indigent. But he that will give more, of his own free will,- it is better for him. And it is better for you that ye adhere to Siyyam , if ye only knew.
Where are the number of days mentioned in the Quran that is ‘fixed’ if it is not for the fixed month of Ramadan?
This is a routine military training incumbent upon every Muslim.The transitory exemption will be completed as mandatory subsequently when the man returns from journey & recovers from illness. No permanent exemption has been granted.
This is not the condition of whether but the era of such poisonous whether when an individual can hardly breath ie the era without Wahi.
2.186. When My servants ask thee concerning Me, I am indeed close (to them): I listen to the prayer of every suppliant when he calleth on Me: Let them also, with a will, Listen to My call, and believe in Me: That they may walk in the right way.
Listen to my call means follow the Quran so we have a direct link between soum and the Quran.! ! Pl ponder over this ayah once again.
2.187. Permitted to you, on the night of the military training , is the approach to your wives. They are your garments and ye are their garments. Allah knoweth what ye used to do secretly among yourselves; but He turned to you and forgave you; so now associate with them, and seek what Allah Hath ordained for you, and eat and drink, until the white thread of dawn appear to you distinct from its black thread; then complete your fast Till the night appears; (This siyyam has been continued till night unlike our fastening which is opened much before fall of night ) ? but do not associate with your wives while ye are in retreat in the mosques. Those are Limits (set by) Allah. Approach not nigh thereto. Thus doth Allah make clear His Signs to men: that they may be able to take preventive measures for defence .
Quran has decreed solar calendar as international calendar & not lunar which carries lesser days .
Arabs used to enter from the back of the house in pre-Islamic era .Quran rejected all such delusions.
We can approach wives in the nights & not in day times when engaged in training.