Prophet's, pbuh, great Wisdom in not appointing Ali, r.a., as Leader of Muslims.
by Kaukab Siddique, PhD
Dear Muslims, it was the great wisdom of the Prophet, pbuh, that he did not appoint Ali, r.a., to any important position, nor did he, pbuh, appoint any of the Banu Hashim, his own tribe to any important position.
As we know, the Prophet, pbuh, loved Ali, r.a., as well as Ali's father Abu Talib. However, in Islam, appointment of one's own relatives is considered the root of many serious problems which would undercut the principle of shoora which is central to the Islamic way of life.
Love is not a consideration for appointment because it leads to nepotism and family rule as we can see in Saudi Arabia today.
The Prophet, pbuh, being very close to Ali,r.a., knew that Ali, r.a., though pious and brave did not have leadership qualities. The Prophet, pbuh, knew this right in the beginning of his mission. When he offered Islam to Abu Bakr, r.a., it was accepted right away by Abu Bakr, r.a., on the basis of his own intellectual ability.
When he offered Islam to Ali, r.a., instead of accepting it, Ali, r.a., wanted to ask his father, Abu Talib and the Prophet, pbuh, told Ali not to go to Abu Talib.
Remember that Abu Talib, though a good man and very helpful, never accepted Islam and stuck to his tribal code of honor. In fact the Prophet, pbuh, kept trying to get Abu Talib to accept, even at the point when Abu Talib was dying. Abu Talib still refused. He was a good man but a tribal man, not an Islamic man.
Ali, r.a., wanting to go to Abu Talib, a kafir, to seek advice on faith, showed that he was not an independent thinker, but Allah blessed Ali to accept faith later that night. [Seerat Rasul Allah by Ibn Ishaq.]
In the years of his mission, the Prophet, pbuh, made it clear that anyone seeking a position because of being a member of the Banu Hashim was going the wrong way.
If Ali had been made viceroy or automatic successor to the Prophet, pbuh, there would have been no golden example for Muslims to follow other than the example of kings and autocrats.
Even then the Shia sect has put in all its resources into projecting Ali, Fatima, Hasan and Hussain as the guarantee holders of the path to paradise.
Once Ali, r.a., came to be in charge of a squadron of 300 fighters. He mismanaged the situation so badly by his pious but harsh treatment that they turned against him and complained to the Prophet, pbuh, who urged them not to treat Ali harshly. This advice was given by the Prophet, pbuh, at a place called Ghadeer Khum, out in the hot desert on the way to Makka.
About 200 years later, the Shia cult fabricated stories to add to the Ghadeer Khum advice to make it seem that acceptance of Ali's leadership is part of the faith of Islam. Ghadeer Khum is projected by the Shias as a gathering even bigger than the Farewell Pilgrimage in Makka.
Imagine if the Qur'an or the Prophet, pbuh, had given any importance to Ali, how powerful the cult of Ali would have become. In our times Najaf and Karbala are presented by Shias as places of pilgrimage which outdo Makka, Madina and al-Aqsa as holy places for pilgrimage. [The Prophet, pbuh, forbade pilgrimage to any places other thn Makka, Madina and al-Aqsa.]
The Qur'an has taught that Allah chooses whom He wills and does not choose on the basis of whom the Prophet, pbuh, loved. Hence we see Allah choosing Abu Bakr, r.a., Umar, r.a. Usman, r.a., , Khalid, r.a., Bilal, r.a., Muawiyyah, r.a., and almost all the Sahabah, not on the basis of whether the Prophet, pbuh, loved them but by Allah's Will
""Lo! you (O Muhammad) guide not whom you love, but Allah guides whom He will. And He is Best Aware of those who walk aright." [28:56.]
Notice that Abu Bakr, r.a., Umar, r.a., Usman, r.a., did not appoint their sons as Caliphs to succeed . Hence forever a pure example of Islam is available which is opposed to kingship and family rule. Alhamdulillah!