This is my final explanation of this verse which shows us what we should understand about salat and tasbih'
24:41Seest thou not that it is God Whose praises all beings in the heavens and on earth do celebrate, and the birds (of the air) with wings outspread? Each one knows its own (mode of) prayer and praise. And God knows well all that they do.
24:41 Alam tara anna Allaha yusabbihu lahu man fee alssamawati waal-ardi waalttayru saffatin kullun qad AAalima salatahu watasbeehahu waAllahu AAaleemun bima yafAAaloona
1.All beings Glorify God.
I do not like the word glorify and praises is totally off the mark. Parwez has written that “Since the aspect of intensity is implicit in it, therefore tanzia would mean to consider Allah free from all limitations and weaknesses.”
2. Birds in flight.
The glorification is given the example of birds in flight
3.Each and everyone, including birds, does salat and tasbih. salatahu watasbeehahu
I remind everyone that ‘wa’ in Arabic can have the meaning of the word after the wa explaining the word before the wa. Hence we have each one knows its salat BY doing tasbih. The salat is created by doing tasbih.
Tasbih= Whatever there is in the universe is fully engaged in carrying out the program designated for them through Allah’s laws.
Salat= This means that everything in the universe knows its duties very well as this is inbuilt within them. It knows which path it must traverse and what its destiny is.
Parwez and Dr Saab know what is meant by this verse and that is why it is translated as:-
24:41. (Despite the availability of this light which illuminates the world, man alone is wasting his life in the deepest depths of darkness. This is not the case with other things in the universe.) If you ponder it seriously, you will conclude that everything that exists in the universe is very seriously and fervently active, throughout the day and night, performing its destined functions. (Just see the birds which with their wings outspread fly thousands of miles across the sky to reach their destination, doing so without any outside guidance or sign post. They never get lost because) Everything in the universe knows its destined functions (Salat) and also knows how to perform it (Tasbeeh). Therefore it is busy achieving its destiny.
This is because of Allah's light which is spread all over the universe. It is because of this light that everything in the universe is fully aware of its destination and of the ways leading to it. Allah also knows everything that everyone is doing.
24:41 Do you not realize that God, He is the One Whom all beings in the heavens and earth glorify, and the birds, with their wings outspread, as they fly in columns. All of them know their Salaat and Tasbeeh (mission and strife). God is Aware of what they do to fulfill His Plan. [All creatures know their Salaat, their inborn Divinely programmed instincts. So, they can automatically strive (do their Tasbeeh) in the best way. But humans are not programmed with such inborn instincts. Given free will, they must do their Salaat by following the revealed guidance and thus strive (do Tasbeeh) in the best way]
4. Our salat and tasbih.
The stairway to heaven has been built and it is up to you to view the panorama and accept or reject it.
We must read and understand the Quran, work out from this what we need to do, remember it throughout our waking lives, follow/submit to this programme, and then go through our lives doing it.
Aqimussallat = Establish the System that facilitates the following of Divine Commands.
Taqwa = Journey through life in security = Being careful = Getting empowered against evil = Avoid overstepping the laws = Exercising caution = Preserving the ‘self’ against deterioration = Good conduct = Building character = Live a life upright = Fear the consequences of violating Divine Commands = Being observant = Being mindful of God = Remaining conscious of moral values = Upright behavior = Guarding against error.
Sajdah = Prostration = Complete submission = Willful obedience = Utter humility = Adoration = Utmost commitment to Divine cause = Humbling one's own self.
Shukr = Thankfulness = Gratitude in word and action = Bring Divine bounties to the most fruitful use = Efforts becoming fruitful = Sharing one's wealth and resources with fellow humans = Opposite of Kufr (ingratitude) when the context demands it.
Lillah = For God = For the sake of God = In the cause of God = Belonging to God = Being subservient to Him = Working to fulfill the Divine Plan.
2:3 Those who (wish to journey through life in honor and security), believe in the Unseen, and establish the System of Salaat in which the following of Divine Commands is facilitated, and keep open for others the resources that We have granted them. [Establishing Salaat = Establishing the System in which Permanent Moral Values rule the hearts and minds of men and women. There are neither masters nor subjects in such a system, since therein prevails the Rule of laws. (2:177, 22:41, 94:7-8). Al-Ghayeb = The Unseen: The likeness of a seed that is beneath the soil hidden from a farmer’s view. Yet the farmer believes that given proper environment and care the seed will sprout. (9:119, 57:20, 89:27-30). Salaat = To follow closely, like a runner-up (Musalli) follows the winning horse (Saabiq) = Follow God’s commands closely. Aqimussallat = Establish the System that facilitates the following of Divine Commands. Zakaat = The Just Economic Order where everyone works according to his capacity and is compensated according to his needs. People spend on others or give to the Central Authority (Islamic government) whatever is surplus (2:219). And they do so whenever they earn any income (6:141). The Islamic government as the trustee of all natural resources is responsible for maintaining a viable and benevolent state. The state gives Zakaat instead of taking (22:41). The System of Zakaat is managed by the government that ensures the development of the individuals and the society. The 2.5 percent ‘taking of’ annual charity is a non-Qur’anic concept that trivializes the comprehensive Qur’anic System of Zakaat. The Central Authority can levy taxes of varying percentages according to the changing times and needs of the society. Charity or Sadaqaat are meant for the interim period whenever the Divinely Prescribed System of Life is not yet in place. For Central Authority, the Qur’an uses the terms Allah and Rasool (3:32). After the exalted Rasool (Messenger), the believers must elect their leadership through a consultative process in a manner suitable for the times. The Qur’an gives us the basic Rules and leaves the details and the ways to implement them up to people. People will make decisions with mutual consultation according to changing times. (42:38). For God’s Right = Divinely ordained right of the poor, see 6:141, 11:64, 55:10]