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Karbala: Fact or Fiction? - Part 05
By:*Dr. Shabbir, Florida
Date: Tuesday, 2 July 2013, 10:24 am


REMINDER: All criticism of the author in this book is directed to the historians, and not at all to the honorable personalities of Islam - The exalted Prophet, Sahaba Kiraam, Hazraat Ali, Fatima, Hasan and Husain, all of whom inspire our reverence and respect.

THE FIRST ASSEMBLAGE OF HUSAIN: (From Sa’adatud Darain by Sadrul Muhaqqiqeen Sultanul Mutawakkileen Hujjatul Islam Wal-Muslimin Sarkar Allama Ash-Sheikh Muhammad Husain Saheb, Mujtahidul Asr Mad-Zilluhu-'Aaali)

[At this juncture please make a note that the entire tale of Karbala has been narrated by the so-called Imam Tabari bin Rustam, the Zoroastrian, 239 years after the supposed event. Time and again he begins with, "Abu Mukhnif said this and Abu Mukhnif said that …" Renowned scholars like Shah Abdul Aziz, Allama Tamanna Imadi and 'Maulana' Habibur Rahman Kandhalwi have conducted in-depth research and are of the opinion that Abu Mukhnif is a fictitious character. Other scholars have established that even if such a person existed in flesh and blood, he had died more than fifty years before Tabari was born. It was Tabari who wrote Maqtal Husain in the name of Abu Mukhnif. Moreover, Tabari does not once claim that he ever met Abu Mukhnif. This being the state of affairs, it becomes obvious that the myth of Karbala is the product of Tabari’s own imagination. Some said Tabari was a Shia, others contend that he was a Sunni. In fact he had changed his name from Tabari bin Rustam to Tabari bin Yazeed for deceiving the masses. Tabari ascribes all atrocities to Yazeed, yet, he associates his own name with Yazeed, a shameless attempt to get some credibility!]

The year of the martyrdom of Hazrat Husain is 61 AH (680 CE) and Tabari penned this fable down around the year 300 AH, i.e. 239 years later. And all this on hearsay! There should have been hundreds of men to write about the episode (had it really happened) during this long duration, but we find none! Abu Mkhnif, Lut bin Yahya, Muhammad bin Saaeb Kalbi are nothing but invented characters. Tabari, Waqidi, Mas'oodi, Sayyuti pasted any reports they got hands to. (Khilaafat-e-Mu'awiya Wa Yazeed, Mahmood Ahmed Abbasi) [And if Yazeed was such a culprit, why would the progeny of Hazraat Husain and Hasan enter in wedlock relationships with his relatives, and why would prominent figures, even caliphs, after his time be named Yazeed?]

Let us continue with the handiwork of the criminal historians of Islam.

- Imam Husain gathered his kith and kin. He cast an eye on the enemy throngs and broke down in tears. He prayed in all tenderness, "O Allah! We are the Prophet’s kin. Please grant us victory over the tyrants."

HOW NUMEROUS WAS THE ENEMIES? Aqai Darbandi says the (opposing) cavalry in Karbala numbered 600,000 and the infantry assembled for the battle numbered 20 million! [Even the entire population of Arabia and Iraq at the time would not total twenty million! No empire could possibly assemble a force of this size]

According to Ibn-e-Jozi, they numbered 6 thousand. Syed bin Taoos puts the number at 20 thousand. Abi Faras said they were 50 thousand and Abi Nahaf Azwi reported 80 thousand!

The authoritative book we are referring to, Sa’aadatuddarain fi Qatlil Husain includes a lengthy directive on how to conduct assemblies commemorating Imam Husain. In summary, this directive prescribes the following set of commandments:-

• Weep profusely over the oppressed Imam's fate because such weeping atones for the most grievous sins.
• Without intent of a fast, go without food and drink until early evening on the Day of Ashura (the 10th of Muharram).
• On that day, hold gatherings for mourning and shed tears profusely. This is the noblest of deeds.
• Do no worldly work on that day.
• Recite Ziarat-e-Ashura and do all the mourning that is prescribed in the special books on prayers for this occasion.

[We can virtually hear Allama Iqbal: Listen to the music of delight in the mansions of Europe - And watch too the readiness for chest-beating in Iran]

• Immensely curse the murderers of Husain and his kin. Repeat the chanting at least a thousand times, "O Allah! Let thy curse fall on the assassins of Husain and his companions."
• Absolutely refrain from hilarity, lavish food and nice clothes.
• Undo shirt buttons and roll up the sleeves up.
• Throw dust or ashes on your head and rub your forehead with it.

Which lion is out of the den that the battleground is trembling!

According to Allama Mujtahid (Revivalist) Muhammad, here is a controversy again. Abi Faris says they were 1,000 (Sharhe Shafia). Sheikh Mufeed says their total number was 72 (32 horsemen and 40 foot soldiers). But Imam Baqir reports they were 145.

[Ironically, after shooting their arrows of conjecture, our historians, theologians and reporters of Hadith play a trick on Allah and Rasool (S). They pass the buck to Allah, "Wallahu A'alam" (And Allah knows best). That is that! They simply won't admit, "I do not know". If they decide to pass the buck to the exalted Prophet, they would write, “Qaal aw kama qaal" (He said this, or said something like it)]

• Ibn Ziyad said to the Imam, "I will not lay my head on a soft pillow nor taste good food until I slay you.” The Imam replied, "The people of your city Kufah had written to me, so I came. If you dislike my coming, I must go back.” Then he also requested Umar bin Sa'd, "Let me leave since earth is vast", but he did not get the leave.

[According to the Mujtahid writer, Imam Husain was there for Jihad. Why, then, would he ask to leave? Persians bore a special grudge against Hazrat Sa'd bin Abi Waqas because he had conquered Persia half a century earlier. So, the name of his son, Umar bin Sa'd was tagged here although he was commanding troops in Syria at that time. Ref. Al-Milil Wanhil by Imam Sheristani]

• On the Ashura Day (10th Muharram) Imam Husain said, "Yazeed the bastard, son of a bastard has forced me to choose between death and disgrace." [But the Imam had willfully decided to come to Kufah against strong advice of many outstanding personalities. Only 4 of his 15 brothers accompanied him while the rest tried to stop him. Also, could this be the language used by the noble Imam Husain?]
• Three days before the martyrdom of Husain, Umar bin Sa'd put a 500 strong guard at the river Euphrates to completely deny the Imam and his companions any access to water. The Imam delivered a speech saying, “Think! Who my father, my mother and grandmother were and whose brother and whose grandson I am!" Voices were heard from the enemy camp, "We know all this, yet we must kill you in the state of thirst."
• The Imam, nevertheless, demonstrated a miracle near his tent. He slightly dug the earth with a spade. All of a sudden a fountain of cool and sweet water gushed forth from the dry desert soil. All of them drank to their fill and filled up their water-skins [Lo and behold! The water problem is watered down]
• From those tyrants the Imam sought respite for one night. This was the Ashura night. The Imam and his companions spent the night in prayers, supplication and repentance and pleadings to Allah for mercy. They wailed and chanted over their rosary beads. There were sounds from the tents like the humming of bees from a beehive. [Such earnest prayers of the most pious ones were not heard! What are our theologians trying to accomplish? - Mock and insult them]
• Many people left the Imam and sneaked away into the darkness of the night. To those who were left with him, he gestured to look up at the sky. That is when every one of the companions beheld his abode in Paradise. [According to the Qur’an, the Paradise encompasses the heavens and the earth. Imam Husain would not contradict the Qur’an]
• Imam Zainul Abidin relates that when Imam Husain uttered some couplets about his death, Zain's paternal aunt, Hazrat Zainab started beating her face and rent her clothes. She then fainted. Imam Husain said, "My sister! I serve an oath on you. Please keep my oath. After I am gone, neither tear up your clothes, nor scratch your face, nor do the least bit of wailing." But no one including Zainab complied with the Imam's advice and last will. [So it is today]
• On the other side there was an army of hundreds of thousands. Yet, the exalted Imam arrayed his small force thoroughly for battle including the right flank, the left flank and the flag bearer. Aqai Darbandi writes that the opposing army comprised 600,000 horsemen and 20 million infantry.

[Even if the enemy amounted to the well-armed thousands, was it not a collective suicide? Would the enlightened Imam Husain adopt such a fatal course? Victory being out of question, if his objective was martyrdom, he would not expose women and children and his companions to this peril. The exalted Prophet had warned believers against getting disgraced by inviting a peril that one could not cope with]

• The Imam addressed Shimar bin Zil-Joshan, “O Son of a goat-tending woman!”
• The Imam cursed Ibn-e-Abi-Jaweria for the torment of fire. At once he fell in blazing fire in a trench and turned into ashes. He prayed, "O Allah! Kill Tamim bin Hasseen by thirst this very day." Suddenly stricken with thirst, Tamim fell off his horse by the Euphrates bank and his horse trampled him to death.

[With Imam Husain being so readily accepted in his prayers, why could he not ward off Karb and Bala (anguish and calamity)? The highly exaggerated, contradictory and superstitious accounts betray conjecture and fabrications by the historians. Hazrat Husain wouldn't have even dreamed such nonsense. In fact, the then governor of Iraq, Hazrat Husain was assassinated by Jaban bin Hormuzan in the governor house of Kufah as we see later]

• The parties arrayed themselves in battle formation. 20,600,000 (Twenty million and six hundred thousand) on one side and seventy two men on the other! [What sense would arranging the troops make? 72 against even 30,000 would have been an outright disaster. But let us read on]
• That day there was loud hue and cry in the tents. It was a divinely ordained calamity for them. The Imam kept briefing them about the coming events many times a day as revealed to him by Allah. [According to the Allama Mujtahid, all this was a pre-ordained and not an unforeseen calamity. Why, then, the hue and cry as we note further?]
• O Creatures of Allah! I have taken refuge with Allah against harm from you. [Refuge not granted]


• The Imam called for the steed of Rasoolullah named Murtajiz. He rode the steed and started urging his companions to gear up for the battle. Hur walked over to Husain's side. [The events are taking place fifty years after the exalted Rasool passed on. The steed Murtajiz should have been about seventy years old then. Do the horses live that long and strong?]
• Hur said, “O People of Kufah! After his passing away this is how you have treated the descendants of Rasoolullah!”
• Upon hearing this, Umar bin Sa'd shot the first arrow at Husain’s army and with that followed a shower of thousands of arrows.

[Dear reader! Only a few excerpts have been picked out cautiously for the sake of brevity. But I have not restricted the account to merely ten or twenty points from various voluminous books in order to convey to you what has been written in them about the illustrious Imam. "Too much reverence breeds insult", (Akbar Ilahadi). The books from which the excerpts have been taken are so numerous that several pages are needed just to record the list of their long titles. Below are given only a few titles as examples:

Tareekh-e-Tabri, Usool-e-Kafi, Sunan Ibn Maja, Shaheed-e-Insaniat, Aashir Bahaar, Sirre Shahadatain, Amali Saddooq, Tafseer Baizawi, Nahjul Balagha, Ainee Sharh-e-Bokhari, Irshade Shaikh Mufeed, Al-Akhbar-il-'Awaalee, Maqtal-e-Makram, Maqtal Ibn Sahili, Kaamil Ibn Kaseer, Nafsil Mahmmom, Qamqam, Al-Husain Maqtali Maqram, Nasikh-ut-Tawareekh, Waqai-Ayyam-e-Muharram, Zakheera-tud- Daarain, Murawwaj-uz-Zahab, Maqtal Khuaarizimi, Manaqib Shahr Ibn Ashobe, Maqatilul Talibeen, Shahadat-e-Husain, Zibh-e-Azeem, Al-Imamat Was-Siasat, Kanzul Amaal, Iste'aab, Sawa'iqul Muharraqa, Addam'ah As-Sakiba, and so on.

All these references can be looked up in Mustatab Saadat-ud-Darain fi Qatlil Husain by Allama Sarkar Ash-Sheikh Muhammad Husain, printer Maktabah As-Sibtain]

• As soon as the downpour of arrows from the enemy troops began, the illustrious Imam launched a swift attack on them. The battle continued for hours. Fifty of his companions embraced martyrdom. [Against a shower of thousands of arrows, not one of the 72 arrayed combatants could have survived for a minute]
• A martyr has seven benefits from Allah. One of them is that his head rolls into the laps of two houris. [One lap should suffice one head]
• The esteemed Habeeb bin Mazahir dispatched to hell 65 of the Koofis and, Zuhair Al-Bijli sent to the Fire 120. Aabis bin Abi Shabib knocked down more than 200, Yahya bin Kathir 50, Janada bin Haaris 16. Qarib, the Turkish slave of the Lord of Martyrs, sent to Hell 70. The 95 year old Anas bin Al-Haris dispatched to hell 18 of the Fire-worthy. Hajjaj bin Masrooq killed 25, Anees bin Moaqqal 20 and Ibrahim bin Al-Hasseen 84. Malik bin Dawud and Dharghama bin Malik slew 60 each. [The count down goes on and on]
• Eight slaves of the Lord of Martyrs were slain. [The exalted Prophet had abolished slavery. How could Imam Husain take slaves? The title "Lord of the Martyrs" has been reserved by many historians for Hazrat Hamza, the Prophet's (S) uncle]

PRINCE: Ali Akbar desired to have grapes. Imam Husain raised his hand to the pillar of the mosque and [out of thin air] grabbed a bunch of grapes for the prince. [The historians maintain that Hazrat Husain had taken up arms to destroy monarchy. Yet, they call his offspring princes and princesses]

• Prince Ali Akbar was married since he had an Umm-e-Walad. [Umm-e-Walad = A concubine that bears a child, yet remains less than a wife]
• Prince Ali Akbar killed 200 soldiers. However, his horse took him to the enemy troops. The barbarians shredded him into pieces with their swords. [That treacherous horse must have an effigy made and flogged in the Ta'zia processions]

Along with these events, the historians include a relentless exchange of verses and dialogues as if it were a vocal contest of which they were eye-witnesses, or the audio-video records were being made. This is in spite of the fact that Tabari compiled the first "History of Islam" nearly two hundred and fifty years after Imam Husain's martyrdom. In order to keep this book reasonably small, we are disregarding much of the running commentary.

• Many authors accept one criterion for the authenticity of the events of Karbala: If an event is found in any of the books of Ulama, so did it happen, period. [Wow!]
• The books are replete with reports that the Lord of Martyrs broke down in tears at the killing of a certain person or at such and such happening. [The exalted Prophet had said, "The true patience is that which is resorted to at the time of misfortune." Suggesting that the valiant Imam Hussein broke down time and again is an insult to him]
• At the martyrdom of Prince Ali Akbar, sounds of wailing came from the tents. Imam Husain says, "My daughter Sakeena! Don't you fear Allah?" [Crying, wailing, and chest beating displease Him]
• The five or six remnants of Abu Talib's progeny launched a ferocious attack on the army of thousands.
• Prince Qasim son of Imam Hasan came out of the tent on his way to the battlefield. The uncle, Husain and the nephew embraced each other and wept so much that both fell unconscious.
• Allah dispensed an extraordinary punishment upon the one who had killed Muhammad bin Ali bin Abi Talib. He drank so much water that his belly burst open to his demise. (Wow!)
• Abdullah bin Hasan was eleven years old. He courageously addressed one of the enemies, "O Son of a loose woman!"
• Abbas son of Ali was called the 'moon' of the (tribe of) Banu Hashim. He was so well-built that when he rode a horse his feet would touch the ground. [OK]
• Abbas launched such fierce attacks that the right wing of the enemy turned upon the left wing and the left turned upon the right.

Finally, came Imam Husain's turn. The evening was drawing close. He was all alone, fifty-seven years old, hungry and thirsty for several days, in intense heat, broken-hearted in grief.

Excellent portrayal by Mir Anees:

The gloom of tyranny has engulfed Zahra's Moon
What loneliness has gripped Shabbir this Day

Zahra is the title of Hazrat Fatima, the mother of Hazrat Husain whose title is Shabbir.

The author of Saada-tud-Darain writes, "If Husain had really wanted to defeat the enemy and triumph to power, it was simple and easy. He would have placed Abbas on one of his sides, Ali Akbar on the other, while Muhammad bin Hanfia (son of Hanfia and Ali) and Muslim bin Aqeel would be somewhere in the middle. Then he would have attacked the rival army [of 20 million 600 thousand or 30 thousand as the case may be] It would have changed the face of the battlefield at Karbala.” [Imagine how five men could change the fate of such a one-sided battle]

• In the meanwhile God sent down a bird that fluttered its wings over Imam Husain‘s head. The bird said, "Allah says that if you wish, He shall grant you victory over the adversary." This was Allah's help.
• Then 4,000 angels came on to the Karbala battlefield with shouts of support. However, the Lord of the Martyrs did not allow them to take part in Jihad.
• Then countless Jinns came to offer their services, but the Imam did not accept their offer.
• The Imam brought the suckling infant Prince Ali Asghar out of the tent. He requested the enemy water for the infant. But some barbarian shot an arrow as a response to the request for a sip of water. The little prince breathed his last in the Imam’s arms. The blood that gushed forth, the Imam caught in his palm and threw up to the sky. Not a drop of this sacred blood came back down.
• In the tents, Imam Husain bade good-bye to Sakeena, Fatima, Zainab and Um Kulsoom. Sakeena said, "Baba! Have you prepared yourself for death?" Imam answered, "What can a friendless, helpless person do but accept death?”

Messages In This Thread

Karbala: Fact or Fiction? - Part 05
*Dr. Shabbir, Florida -- Tuesday, 2 July 2013, 10:24 am
Karbala: Fact or Fiction?
omaira sajid, Pakistan -- Tuesday, 27 October 2015, 2:00 pm
Re: Karbala: Fact or Fiction? - Part 05
Ali Syed New Jersey -- Thursday, 29 October 2015, 10:49 pm
Karbala: Fact or Fiction? - Part 05
Khalil Khan, Jamaica -- Friday, 30 October 2015, 1:32 pm
Re: Karbala: Fact or Fiction? - Part 05
Ali Syed New Jersey -- Friday, 30 October 2015, 3:00 pm