Can Scientific Process Encompass a 'Theory of God'?
recently i'm contemplating a lot on this issue. Whenever i read a paper or book on cosmology, psychology, virtual reality, quantum mechanics and etc. i try to analyze them in the light of the Qur'an.
The proven fact we currently have is reality. The fact that we are attempting to prove is God. [Most/some? scientists are trying to disprove God!]
Between our current reality (assuming that we are leaving out God) and the fact we are trying to prove, God, there lays a bridge of evidence. [According to the Qur'an no amount of evidence would be enough for rejecters of the truth and disbelievers.]
As an aside, is the Qur'an the only piece of the puzzle in proving that God exists or are there other pieces of evidence? [Everything is evidence. It only depends whether you are a believer or not!]
Everything that God said is the truth and cannot be changed; then it is a law. We need to ask how simple is this law? Does Qur'an contain the simplest form of the Divine Laws? Do we need simplicity at all?! Indeed the Qur'an is easy to understand. And the goal of science is to find a true description of reality/the universe that is easy to understand.
We must evaluate science in the light of the Qur'an (and also the Qur'an in the light of the science). Since the Qur'an is more important and fundamental than the sciences and because most scientists don't know very much about the Qur'an, it is the duty of Muslim scientists to use the Qur'an as a guidance in scientific realms. In this way we can reject many false assumptions, theories and arguments as we know that not all science is useful and in service of humanity.
We need to consider God in our theories or accept those theories who favor a Creator with His attributes like those of the Qur'an (One, All-Knowing, All-Powerful, capable of calculating everything and etc...) Again we should consider the Qur'an above science. Surely we cannot ascribe a number or formula to Allah but we know that He has given us from His Rooh. We are given some of the attributes of God in the Qur'an so why not use some them as the bases of our scientific theories/models? i believe many of our scientific truths are already based upon religious grounds. Many of our deceased scientist and physicians were already believers in a Creator; were Muslims, Jews and Christians.
We need to study more and more and try to show to the world that the Qur'an is really telling the truth and that the Qur'an is above all sciences and human knowledge so that people would consider it FIRST. Maybe, after all, we cannot achieve a Theory of Everything since, in the words of John D. Barrow, "There is no formula that can deliver all truth, all harmony, all simplicity. No Theory of Everything can ever provide total insight. For, to see through everything, would leave us seeing nothing at all."