First i would like to thank Shabbir bhai for such an extensive website. I spent the whole of yesterday reading forum entries regarding salaat and about Kaaba. I was also looking at Aidid's work together. I came to the conclusion their is much similarities of thought about "ritualistic" salaat between Aidid and what i found in the forum here.
About the Kaaba i did a bit of research and came across a book, from which i am quoting.
Location of Pilgrimage
“Th e fi rst Sanctuary established for the people is the one in Bakk’a, blessed, and a guidance for the
worlds. In it are clear signs: the station of Abraham. And whoever enters it will be secure. And God is
owed from the people to make Pilgrimage to the Sanctuary, whoever can make a path to it. And
whoever rejects, then God has no need of the worlds.” (Qur’an 3:96-97)
Unfortunately, many people have taken for granted what the Scripture actually says on this and many other subjects and hence they end up following the teachings of the sects when it comes to the system of God. Th e Scripture gives the clear name Bakk’a (not Mecca) as being the location for the Pilgrimage.
Where is Bakk’a?
[Psalm 84:4-8] Blessed are they that dwell in thy house: they will be still praising thee. Selah.
Blessed is the man whose strength is in thee; in whose heart are the ways of them. Who passing
through the valley of Baca make it a well; the rain also fi lls the pools. Th ey go from strength to
strength, every one of them in Zion appears before God. O Lord God of hosts, hear my prayer: give
ear, O God of Jacob. Selah.
Th e name Bakk’a has been retained in ancient scriptures and is the given as the name of the area which is reached as pilgrims exited the valley of Rephaim from the southwest that led to mount Zion in the heart of Jerusalem (Samuel 5:22-23).
In-fact, the name Bakk’a is still retained for that very same area that approaches the heart of Jerusalem from the south west.
Th is evidence of Bakk’a being Jerusalem is ironically supported by the Islamic history taught by the sectarians themselves, which records that the Prophet, while in Medina, used to perform the contact-prayer (Salat) towards Jerusalem for a number of years, but then the focal point (Qibla) was changed away from Jerusalem (until today, the Muslims refer to Jerusalem as the fi rst of the two Qiblas —Uwla Al Qiblatain).
Th e Change in Focal Point (Qibla)
Th e source of all the confusion that has occurred seems to have been caused by the change in the Qibla (focal point) during the time of the Prophet:
“Th e foolish from among the people will say: ‘What has turned them away from the focal point that they were on?’ Say: ‘To God are the east and the west, He guides whomsoever He wishes to a straight path.’ And as such, We have made you a balanced nation so that you may be witness over the people, and that the messenger may be witness over you. And We did not make the focal point that you became on except to distinguish who follows the messenger from those who will turn
on their heels. It was a great thing indeed except for those whom God had guided; God was not to waste your belief. God is Merciful and Compassionate over the people.” (Qur’an 2:142-143)
According to traditional history, the Muslims were focused on the original Qibla of Jerusalem. Then,
after some time, God suddenly gave a new decree that told them to face “away” from that Qibla. This
change in Qibla is supported with the verses of the Scripture in 2:142 and 2:143, and is further supported by archeological evidence that existed in the city of Medina of a mosque (masjid) with two Qibla directions (one towards Jerusalem and one opposite to Jerusalem—assumed to be towards Mecca).
Th e Sunnis and Shia claim that the command was for the Prophet to now face Mecca—Arabia as the permanent Qibla. However, what the sects fail to explain is why the Prophet was facing Jerusalem to begin with, especially if the Temple was located in Mecca—Arabia all along as per their claims?
Digging deeper into this issue, we fi nd that the sectarian argument that Mecca—Arabia was being faced in this change of Qibla holds no water as turning away from Jerusalem would not put the Muslims on a path with such a supposed location:
What further raises suspicion that the Qibla was simply shifted ‘away’ from Jerusalem and not towards any city in particular (especially not Mecca—Arabia) is that the original mosque with two Qiblas has been demolished by the Saudi government and a new one built with a single
Qibla alligned towards Mecca—Arabia.
Th e Final Qibla
While the initial change in Qibla may have caused the confusion for people to lean towards the location of Mecca—Arabia, it seems that most commentators have missed the verses which speak of reverting of the Qibla back to the Restricted Temple ( Jerusalem).
“We see the shifting of your face towards the heaven; We will thus set for you a focal point that will be pleasing to you: ‘You shall set yourself towards the Restricted Temple; and wherever you may be, you shall all set yourselves towards it.’ Th ose who have been given the Book know it is the truth from their Lord. And God is not unaware of what you do.” (Qur’an 2:144)
Th e sectarian commentators of the Scripture tried to promote the idea that the change that God speaks about in verse 2:144 was the original one from Jerusalem to the Restricted Temple (which they make to be Mecca —Arabia). Th e problem with this argument is that it ignores the fact that in verse 2:142 God announces that a change has already taken place and that the foolish
amongst the people will comment saying: “What made them change from their Qibla?” (i.e. there was a Qibla-1 which is the original, and a Qibla-2 which has sparked
Th en in replying to the people in verse 2:143, the answer of God is given for the reason for the change by saying “it was a test to distinguish the true followers of the Prophet.” Finally, after this sequence, we are told that the Prophet has been directed in verse 2:144 to make the Restricted
Temple his permanent Qibla (which cannot be Mecca –Arabia because there has already been one change of Qibla away from Jerusalem and towards the opposite location).
Th e only way to explain the current state of Islam (giving priority to Mecca—Arabia) is that the change back to Jerusalem did not take place until very near the end of the mission of the Prophet and that he died shortly afterwards whereby the Muslims fragmented and entered into several civil wars, as per the Islamic history books. Th e victors from these confl icts managed to maintain
the power base in Arabia and declared that the temple located in what later became known as ‘Mecca Arabia’ was the place where the Sanctuary established by Abraham is found and is the location of the Pilgrimage.
Th is would also explain why there is some archaeological confusion in the construction of some early mosques as they had the facing of their Qibla to be far to the north of Mecca - towards Jerusalem. Even more striking, is the history of the Muslim ruler, Khalifa Abdul-Malik Bin Marwan, who was so convinced that Jerusalem was the true Qibla and center for Pilgrimage that he proceeded to
send an army to attack and destroy the Kaaba in Mecca with catapults - while at he same time expanding the building of the Dome of the Rock by 691AD into the architectural masterpiece that it is today.
Mecca in the Qur’an
With regards to Mecca, we fi nd that the Qur’an does indeed refer to a city/town by such name and, rather than lend support to it being the location of the Restricted Temple, the Qur’an shows us that the town by this name was an “obstacle” for Pilgrims who were trying to make their way to the Restricted Temple, and that the taking of this town paved the way for the ultimate conquest; the
liberation of the Restricted Temple, prophesied as an act “yet to come” according to 48:27.
“And He is the One who withheld their hands against you, and your hands against them in the
interior of Mecca, after He had made you victorious over them. God is Seer of what you do. Th ey are the ones who rejected and barred you from the Restricted Temple, and barred your donations from reaching their destination...” (Qur’an 48:24-25)
“God has affi rmed, that the vision of His messenger will come true: ‘You will enter the Restricted Temple, God willing, secure, with your heads shaven, and shortened - no longer in fear.’ Th us, He knew what you did not know, and He has appointed before this a conquest near at hand.” (Qur’an 48:27)
Th e Kaaba
[Pickthall Translation 5:97] Allah hath appointed the Kaba, the Sacred House, a standard for
mankind, and the Sacred Month and the off erings and the garlands. Th at is so that ye may know
that Allah knoweth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the Earth, and that Allah is
Knower of all things. We are told that the word ‘Kaaba’ means a ‘cube shape’ and that the site in Mecca has been constructed in accordance with this design requirement.
However, the meaning of ‘cube’ associated with this word is not completely accurate as the word ‘Kaab/Kaaba’ is associated in Arabic with any feature that is protruding, such as the bones to the side of the ankles as can be seen below:
“O you who believe, if you rise to hold the contact prayer, then wash your faces and your hands up to
the elbows, and wipe your heads and your feet to the ankles (Kaabain); and if you have had intercourse, then you shall bathe. And if you are ill, or traveling, or you have excreted feces, or you have had sexual contact with the women, and you cannot not fi nd water, then you shall select from the clean soil; you shall wipe your faces and your hands with it. God does not want to
place any hardship on you, but He wants to cleanse you and to complete His blessings upon you that you may be thankful.” (Qur’an 5:6)
Th us, any construct, regardless of its shape can be called a ‘Kaaba’ as long as it stands out from the plain. In-fact, we fi nd that in the history of pagan Arabia, each town had its own ‘Kaaba’ which was a centerpiece for worship and a place for the many idols that were served alongside the One true God.
With regards to the temple area of Jerusalem, we have a ‘Kaaba’ in the form of the building located on the Temple Mount ‘Dome of the Rock’ which has been the foundation building for worship in the area for many centuries and is even considered to be the spot from which the Prophet made his journey to heaven (see 17:1).
Summary—Highlighting Jerusalem as Bakk’a:
• Islamic history records Jerusalem as being the fi rst focal point, or Qibla, before Mecca.
• Th e recipients of the Torah and Injeel ( Jews and Nazarenes) acknowledge the signifi cance of
Jerusalem but deny any knowledge of Mecca.
• Th e name “Bakk’a” is found in the Jewish bible (see Psalms 84) as people are on their way to
Jerusalem for Pilgrimage (to stand before God at Mt. Zion).
• A town by the name of ‘Mecca’ is mentioned in the Qur’an as being an obstacle in the way
of pilgrims to reach the Restricted Temple in Bakk’a (see Qur’an 48:24).
• Controversy and doubt over Mecca being the original site of pilgrimage has existed since
the early days of Islam whereby the Kaaba in Mecca was catapulted and destroyed by an
Islamic army in the days of Abdul Malik Bin Marwan while the Temple in Jerusalem was
honored and upgraded.
• Physical evidence exists showing mosques built after the death of the prophet with their Qiblas
(orientation) towards Jerusalem and not Mecca (see work by Cook and Crone).
• Th e name “Bakk’a” is still found in city maps of Jerusalem as the name of a valley located less
than fi ve miles from the Temple Mount to the southwest.
• Th e name “Jerusalem” (city of peace) fi ts the prayer of Abraham for Bakk’a to be a city of
peace (see Qur’an 2:126).
• Th e Scripture speaks of olives growing in the vicinity of this town where the Prophet is
situated (see Qur’an 95:1-3). Olives are natural to the area of the Mediterranean (near which
Jerusalem is situated) but not Arabia.
• Th e Qur’an tells us that the ‘Maqam Ibrahim’ (situation/station of Abraham) is located within
the Temple at Bakk’a (see Qur’an 3:97). In Jerusalem we have the rock (upon which the
dome is built) associated with the test of Abraham whereby he nearly sacrifi ced his son. In Mecca we
have what appears to be footprints enclosed by a brass container!
• Th e rock over which the Dome of the Rock is situated seems designed for animals to be
slaughtered on it (as evidenced by a hole in the rock which is thought to drain blood sacrifi ces
down to a hollow cavern below). If so, then this would match perfectly the rite of Pilgrimage
and the slaughter of livestock for feasting and giving to the poor/needy.
• Th e Kaaba is situated on an elevated area, which matches the description given in the Scripture
of the Pilgrims coming to it from low/deep enclosures (see Qur’an 22:27).
• Th e prophecy of the Temple being re-entered (see Qur’an 17:7) when the second rise of Israel occurs can only be applicable if the Temple is under Israeli control (i.e. Jerusalem and not Mecca).
From the book The Natural Republic Reclaiming Islam from Within Pgs 231 to 257
The Arabs are staunchest in disbelief and hypocrisy and more likely to be ignorant of God’s limit as revealed to His messenger. (9:97)
Among the Arabs around you there are hypocrites, they are from the city-dwellers. And they are very staunch in their hypocrisy. (9:101)
Aidid Safar book, Mental Bondage
Please share your thoughts and inputs with what i have shared above.