1. Should we eat meat?
All meat is allowed to be eaten according to the Quran, but with the following exceptions:-
5:3 The following things are Forbidden to you:
Carrion, blood, the flesh of swine, anything (not just meat) that has been dedicated to any other than God (such as an idol, grave or saint), any animal that has been strangled to death, or beaten to death, or killed by fall, or gored to death, or eaten by a wild animal unless you are able to slaughter it while it is still alive, and (also Forbidden is) what is sacrificed on idolatrous altars (devotional stones or blocks in shrines considered sacred). And (you are forbidden) from dividing one another’s portions through raffling, and divining the future by such means as arrows, for these are deviations. This Day, the rejecters of the Truth have lost all hope of (making compromises with) your System of Life. But, do not fear them, but fear Me. This Day, I have perfected your Law for you, completed My favor upon you, and chosen for you Al-Islam as the System of Life. If anyone is forced by dire necessity (to consume the Forbidden), with no intention of transgression, God is indeed Forgiving, Merciful.
[Mayitah = Carrion = Dead meat = An animal that dies of itself. Azlaam = Divining arrows = The conjecture of foretelling the future = Raffle = Lottery = Dividing things or time for one another through randomly picking up slips of paper. Deen = System of Life = The Law. 2:173, 2:185, 2:219, 5:90]
It is your personal choice to do so and there is no “religious” obligation to abstain from meat. One point to mention here is that Islam is about creating ‘natural order’[good] in human beings, who have free will to do the unnatural [bad] as well. There is nothing 'unnatural' in eating the flesh of animals if we so desire.
2. In which condition should we eat meat?
5:4 They ask you (O Prophet) what foods are Permissible. Tell them all good things of life are Lawful to you. As for the hunting animals, the catch of your trained dogs and falcons, as God has taught you, is Permissible. Mention God's name thereupon. Always be mindful of God’s Laws. His Law of Requital is swift in reckoning.
Good food is the condition.
3. Is there any responsibility of us for animals?
Animal welfare is a duty we must uphold. This means raising them in safe, stress free environments and keeping them calm during their slaughter.
4. What does qur'an says about the soul of animals and man?
Man does not have a soul so animals do not have one either. What we have is a consciousness, self awareness. We also have the ability to think and reason on a scale not reached by animals; some animals can be taught new things and some have been shown to work out problems they have not come across previously, so there are similarities between us and them.
5.And I need the full description of the word 'Allah'.
Allah - (Alif-Lam-Ha).
This is the proper name of "God" (Al-Il'ah), and all other names denote His various Attributes. Il'ah, by definition, is one to whom someone looks for protection in bewilderment, from whose grandeur one gets dazed, whose overall sovereignty or lordship is accepted, whose laws and directions are obeyed and followed, and who is at the highest pedestal and remains unseen (Taj). Keeping in view the above Attributes, the name Allah as it appears in the Quran would mean a Being Who is Supreme but remains hidden from human eyes; before Whose dignity and grandeur the human perceptions become dazed; Whose Sovereignty extends over the entire universe; Whose obedience is must. By accepting Him IL'AH, one must accept only His Sovereignty and obey His Laws.
Human mind just cannot perceive Him in any shape or physical form nor can explain Him. He is beyond human perceptions (6/104).
6:104 (You are not expected to know His Essence.) Say (O Prophet), “The manifest Enlightenment has come to you from your Lord. Whoever sees the truth, does so for his own good. And whoever turns blind, hurts himself. I am not your keeper or guardian.”
Nothing is like Him (42/11).
42:11 Originator of the heavens and the earth! He has given you mates of your own kind; and mates among the cattle. By this means He multiplies you (creation). However, there is nothing whatsoever like Him, not even a similitude that would come close. And He is the Hearer, the Seer.
However, we can explain His Attributes as mentioned in the Quran. To believe in Allah would, therefore, mean to acknowledge and accept His Sovereignty with all His Attributes, as mentioned in the Quran, in the most balanced and proportionate manner (17/110).
17:110 Say, "Call upon God, or call upon the Beneficent: By whatever name you call upon Him, to Him belong the best names and attributes of perfection. And do not be too loud in your prayer, nor speak in a voice too low, but follow a way between. [7:180]
If one goes through the annals of human history, one would find one thing common all along. Irrespective of the time and the place, there has always existed a supreme being, someone supernatural before whom one should bow, who should be worshipped, from whom one should pray for help and for the fulfilment of his desires, one who should be dreaded and before whom one should offer sacrifices. Even in the farthest corners of the globe where no human being from outside had ever set foot, and where the inhabitants were totally unaware or untouched by any foreign influences and were living in the earliest stage of human civilisation, travellers and research scholars came across traces of some super-natural being which they worshipped. However, its details differed from place to place. These were the perceptual differences which made every god different from the god of the other tribe, or country, or religion. It is, therefore, incorrect to say that the gods of all religions is the same - Rama or Raheem is one and the same thing. The Father of Christians, the Judea of Jews, the Ishwar or Parmatma of Hindus and Armazd of Zoroastrian are totally different from each other - as their attributes are different from those of Allah of the Quran. He is above all perceptions! He cannot be transformed out of a stone or a log of wood. The real concept of Allah can only be perceived by explaining His Attributes as narrated in the Quran, since only the Quran is exalted from the inter-play of human thought. It is because of this reason that the Quran does not accept the existence of god which various people or tribes or religions have carved out of their own thoughts. The question then arises as to why is it necessary to have faith in Allah of the Quran?
Almost all the psychologists and research scholars agree on one thing: a human being consists of a body and a soul. This "Soul" or "Self" is given to every individual in a latent or undeveloped form by Allah. The mission or object of a human being in this earthly life is, to manifest and develop this "Self" in such a way that even after death it is capable of entering into another higher, totally different phase of life and does not lag behind. To test or examine whether one's "Self" is getting developed or not, he must have a model or a test before him - in absence of which he is likely to get astray. Or worse, everyone could set his own standards. The supreme, the complete, the most balanced and infinite Being to serve as a perfect model is Allah Whose Attributes are called Asma-ul-Husna. These Asma-ul-Husna are spread over the pages of the Quran as glittering pearls and man ought to incorporate them in his person to the extent of human limitations. The way in which these Attributes (Asma-ul-Husna) can enrich the personality of a human being can best be ascertained from the day-to-day life of the exalted person of Muhammad Rasool-Allah (peace be upon him).
In other words a human being can examine and test from time to time if his "Self" is getting developed by comparing himself with these Attributes. As a human body gets nourishment according to well known physical laws, there also have to be some laws and values for the development of the "Self." These laws and values are explained in the Quran as various Attributes of Allah. If someone wants to test the development of his "Self," he should examine as to what extent the Attributes of Allah are reflected in his own person. That is why it is necessary to have faith in Allah alone. The word "Allah" has been used 2,697 times in the Quran.