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Re: Repent/revert/return to ???
By:Helen, UK
Date: Tuesday, 27 March 2012, 8:54 pm
In Response To: Repent/revert/return to ??? (Mubashir, Canada)

Dear Mubashir,

My two cents (in brief):

1) 'Establishing the social system' = salaat. 'Establishing the Quranic economic order' = zakaat. So the Quranic system is comprised of these two elements.
2) Since Islam is a system, not a religion, 'Muslim' refers to someone who 'submits' to the system. In the beginning, he/she swears allegiance to it, and 'belief' (eiman, status of a momin) comes later (49:14). The treaty/covenant was a basic constitutional agreement between peoples of various faiths to live under Islamic law socially and economically.
3) All parties had originally agreed to join/submit to the system. Later some parties attempted to rebel against the system, i.e. politically (salaat) and economically (zakaat). This was the equivalent of setting up a rival authority against Allah (hence, "idolators"). They were guilty of high treason.
4) This led to a declaration of war against those rebels - hence the opening line of surah tauba:
"Disavowal by God and His Apostle [is herewith announced] unto the idolators ..." (9:1) (I quote Asad only for the literal translation here)

Finally, to answer your question: "What are these Mushrikeen asked to come back/revert/repent to?"

5) "But if they repent, and establish salaat and zakaat..." (9:11)
In other words, The idolators (rebels) were given the chance to give up their campaign against the system. They were supposed to give and submit (and become "Muslim" again - that is, 'revert' to Islam).

Wa Salaam

Messages In This Thread

Repent/revert/return to ???
Mubashir, Canada -- Tuesday, 27 March 2012, 2:36 pm
Re: Repent/revert/return to ???
Helen, UK -- Tuesday, 27 March 2012, 8:54 pm
Re: Repent/revert/return to ???
Mubashir, Canada -- Wednesday, 28 March 2012, 1:28 am
Re: Repent/revert/return to ???
Helen, UK -- Wednesday, 28 March 2012, 3:11 pm
Re: Repent/revert/return to ???
jawaid ahmed,uk -- Wednesday, 28 March 2012, 7:52 am
Re: Repent/revert/return to ???
Mubashir, Canada -- Wednesday, 28 March 2012, 2:38 pm
Re: Repent/revert/return to ???
Helen, UK -- Wednesday, 28 March 2012, 3:13 pm
Re: Repent/revert/return to ???
Irfan -- Wednesday, 28 March 2012, 8:45 pm
Repent/revert/return to ???
*Dr. Shabbir, Florida -- Wednesday, 28 March 2012, 8:55 pm
Re: Repent/revert/return to ???
Irfan -- Wednesday, 28 March 2012, 11:43 pm
Repent/revert/return to???
*Dr. Shabbir, Florida -- Wednesday, 28 March 2012, 10:55 pm