Dear Noor Ali,
Please understand that true knowledge can be attained only by serious studying. Those who know this point, do not look for spoon-feeding. You can find answers to most of your questions with diligent research. Please do not mind my sincere advice.
The entire Qur’an was revealed (down-loaded on the Prophet's heart) in a Blessed Night in the month of Ramadhan, 610 CE, and then conveyed to mankind in stages over a period of 23 years. 2:185, 97:1.
2:185 The month of Ramadhan has been chosen for this collective training since this is the month in which the Qur’an was revealed, a Guidance for mankind, clearly explaining the ‘why’ of every Rule. And it is the Criterion of right and wrong. Hence, whoever witnesses this month (while he is well and at home) should participate in the program of Abstinence. But if any of you is sick or on a journey, let him practice Abstinence for the same number of days later. God desires for you ease, and He desires for you no hardship. The postponement is to enable you to complete the period. The objective of this training is to establish the supremacy of God (on earth) for, He has shown you a well-lighted road for you to show gratitude.
[The entire Qur’an was revealed upon the Prophet’s heart (‘down-loaded’) in Ramadhan of 610 CE in the order as we see today. Thereafter, it was conveyed to people in stages. The concepts therein are not defunct theories and empty hypotheses. It has a Permanent Universal Code of Values and laws. The yearly training of Abstinence in this month connects the message with intensive reflection and study. Note: The Qur’an does not forbid menstruating women from praying or participating in the program of Abstinence. However, a menstruating woman may be considered unwell. The only thing forbidden by the Qur’an during menstruation is intimate husband-wife relationship. In addition, a pregnant woman may be exempted from fasting to avoid dehydration of the fetus who has not even witnessed Ramadhan. Shukr does not mean just verbal thanks. It involves showing gratitude in practice by sharing the God-given bounties with others. It also denotes fulfillment of all noble effort. 2:87-97, 2:185 2:222, 2:233, 7:189, 9:32-33, 14:1, 16:2, 17:85-86, 26:193, 31:14, 42:52, 44:1-4, 46:15, 53:13, 70:4, 81:17-19, 97:1. It is interesting to recall Sustainer’s Prayer in the Bible about Supremacy of God on earth. Luke 11:2 … Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, as in heaven, so in earth]
97:1 Indeed, We have revealed it in the Night of Majesty. [44:3]
97:2 Ah, what will enlighten you what it is, the Night of Majesty!
Surah 44. Ad-Dukhaan – The Smoke
[Author’s Note] This is the 44th Surah of the Qur’an and it has 59 verses. The Surah derives its name from the air pollution that will become wide spread in the world as nations industrialize. 41:11 also mentions Smoke, the nebulae of gas out of which the Universe was shaped billions of years ago. The brief verses in this Surah take us along with Tasreef and powerful concepts. Verse 44:3 has been subjected to much conjecture through conflicting Ahadith. Many people believe that in this night, called as ‘Lailat-il-Nisf Sha’baan’ (Night of the middle of the month of Sha’baan) or ‘Shab-e-Bar’at’, the destinies of individuals are written down. Also, that the Prophet (S) used to visit the graveyard praying for the forgiveness of the dead. These notions are certainly non-Qur’anic. There is no such thing as pre-destiny of people. “Every person deserves what he has earned.” And “No person will bear the load of another.” (Surah Najm)
With the Glorious Name of God, the Instant and Sustaining Source of all Mercy and Kindness
44:1 H.M. Ha-Meem (Hakeem the Wise, Majeed the Glorious, states that),
44:2 By this Divine Writ that is clear in itself and makes things clear.
44:3 We have revealed it on a Blessed Night. We have always been warning.
[The entire Qur’an was revealed (down-loaded on the Prophet's heart) in a Blessed Night in the month of Ramadhan, 610 CE, and then conveyed to mankind in stages over a period of 23 years. 2:185, 97:1]
A lifelong student