If i may ask a question about this topic.
Dr. Shabbir, you say in your post:
"The Qur'an tells us that messengers were sent to every community. So, whatever we hear of good morality today, almost surely derives itself from the ancient messengers' noble teachings that survived."
This question however goes to all who would wish to give their opinions on it.
If morality does not come inherent in man and is taught to us by messengers with knowledge from Allah.
Could one also say that humans then are born without any sense of moral and knowledge of what is right and wrong.
That we therefore need to be taught what moral is?
If that is the case, how can we as humans differ between right and wrong if we are not brought up in an environment where absolut morality is the way of life? How do we label something as being right and wrong? Good or bad?
I understand that the Qu'ran is there for exactly that reason, but if we assume that humans did not know of morality beforehand.
We wouldn't be able to understand the teachings of the prophets except through shear faith in what they had to say?
What compels us to choose Islam over anything else? Especially in the modern age of man where our intellect has reached heights unknown of during the early ages of man, compared to say like not more than a couple of hundreds of years ago where things could not be explained by anything but God.
Is there a qu'ranic perspective on this?
My own perspective is that man in some way or another is born with a sense of right and wrong, that we from birth have a sense of morality.
That perhaps through Allahs ruh we are given this gift?
For if we do not posses any knowledge of this to begin with, then how can we in a modern day and age return to the Qu'ran as a guidingline for absolut morality when it to some extent can be learned through trial and error?
I hope my question is clear, albeit it might be a rather dumb question for some, for that i apologize.