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Is Hikmah Sunnat/Hadith??
By:Mubashir, Canada
Date: Friday, 2 March 2012, 2:08 am

Dear All, Allow me to share an interesting email exchange between a die hard Hadithist on one side and Brother Greg Waleed and Brother Irfan on the other:

Mubashir
-----------------------------------------

Dear brother Waleed,

Assalamu alaikum,

Thank you for this great summary of the “Hikamah” (wisdom) of the Qur’an. Only an unfortunate individual will fail to find Hikmah (wisdom) inside the Qur’an when it describes itself “al-Hakeem”.

It was “imam” Shafei who spread this misleading notion of Hikmah being the Hadith. Even he said that he heard this concept from ‘some scholars’ of his time, and he believed them.

As a footnote to what you wrote, the verse 2:231 says clearly the “Book and the Wisdom” was “revealed/sent down to ALL of mankind (anzala alaikum al-kitab wa al-hikmah—note the plural alaiykum). So even thought the Book was revealed to Prophet’s heart, it was, through him, revealed upon/to ALL of us. That is another proof that the Hikmah is in the Qur’an itself, not outside of it.

Now, here is an interesting hadith in Bukhari that describes “hikmah” from another angle: Hikmah, it says, is the ‘ability to understand the Qur’an’! So look into the basket of hadith—you can find ANYTHING you want:

“”Bukhari (English, abridged by Muhsin Khan: Page 723, #1550.

Narrated Ibn Abbas (ra)--Once the Prophet (sws) embraced me (pressed me to his chest) and said, "O Allah, teach him Al-Hikmah (i.e., the understanding of the knowledge of the Quran){5:100-O.B].

and

Page 723, #1551. (narrated Abdul Warith) the same but said, "O Allah, teach him (Ibn Abbas) the Book" (the understanding of the knowledge of the Quran). [5:101-O.B]””

Now, the hadithists are very united in claiming that “Hadith was ‘revealed to the Prophet (sws): Here is a Hadith in Bukhari that debunks this notion:

“”1302, page 618) Narrated Abu Jahaifa who asked Ali “Do you have knowledge of any Divine Inspiration besides what is in Allah’s Book?” ‘Ali replied, “ No, by Him Who splits the grain of corn and creates the soul! I don’t think we have such knowledge, but we have the ability of understanding which Allah may endow a person with, so that he may understand the Qur’an and we have what is written on this paper?” I asked, “ What is written in this paper.” He replied, ( The regulations of Diya, blood money), the ransom (freeing) of captives, and the judgement that no Muslim should be killed for killing a disbeliever.” 428-O.B””

Their own turf is marshy and slippery. I don’t know what keeps them on it.

Irfan

From: G.Waleed Kavalec [mailto:kavalec@gmail.com]
Sent: Thursday, March 01, 2012 4:33 PM
To: Latifa Aimaq

A'uzu billahi minashaitanir rajim

Here we are back on hikmah. Again, the same erroneous view that Hikmah is sunnah or hadiths. This was already addressed, from the Qur'an, but the error is repeated, as all errors are when human beings fail to heed the Qur'an.

Some are fond of separating what Allah has joined together. Hikmah is one classic example.

And were it not for the grace of Allah on thee and His mercy, a section of them was about to do something that would cause thee to go astray. And they cause none to go astray but themselves and they injure thee not at all. And God caused the Book to descend to thee and wisdom and taught thee what thou art not knowing. The grace of God had been sublime upon thee.

-- an Nisa' 4:113

Lets see about Hikmah:

Literally speaking, the meaning of Al-Kitab is the book (the Qur'an), and Al-Hikmah is wisdom. Nevertheless the tradition-elevators choose to interpret Al-Hikmah here to mean 'the Sunnah of Muhammad'. However, with a close inspection of the Qur'anic verses, it can be shown that this interpretation is a total corruption.

Al-Hikmah is found in a number of other ayah, such as:

"Remember Kitab’s blessings upon you,

and what He sent down to you

of the Al-Kitab and Al-Hikmah

to enlighten you with it."

-- al Baqarah 2:231

Now, read your Qur'an CAREFULLY:

1. The word ‘bihi’ (with it) that appears at the end of the above ayat, is in the singular mode.

مِّنَ الْكِتَابِ وَالْحِكْمَةِ يَعِظُكُم بِهِ

In other words it describes one thing and not two things. For that reason the phrase "Al-Hikmah and Al-Kitab" must denote one thing and not two things - unless of course the tradition-elevators claim Allah is making grammatical mistakes!

If the words Al-Hikmah and Al-Kitab really referred to "the Qur'an and the Sunnah" as they claim, then the verse would grammatically end with the word ‘bihima’ (with them), which is the plural mode of ‘bihi’.

It doesn't. Thus they are in error and Allah, as always, has made the truth clear.

This is proof, but there is more evidence for those who doubt...

2: The word Al-Hikmah is used throughout the Qur'an as an adjective of the Al-Kitab (the Qur'an).

This is made evident in the following verses :

"Y.S., and the Qur'an Al-Hakim"

-- Ya Sin 36:1-2

"This is what We recite to you of the Ayat and the Dhikr Al-Hakim"

-- al E Imran 3:58

"A.L.R., these are the signs of the Kitab Al-Hakim"

-- Ynus 10:1 also Luqman 31:2

3: The same word Al-Hikmah is used in the Qur'an in connection with prophets and messengers who lived before the time of Muhammad. Obviously before Muhammad lived his Sunnah did not exist. Thus to say that Al-Hikmah means Sunna’t Muhammad is incorrect. Consider the following verses:

3.a- The following are Kitab’s words to Jesus:

"And I taught you the Kitab (Scripture) and Al-Hikmah (wisdom)."

-- al-Ma`idah 5:110

Clearly the word Al-Hikmah here does not mean the Sunnah of Muhammad.

3.b- The following were the words of Abraham as he implored his Lord :

"Our Lord, and send for them a messenger from among them
to recite to them your Ayat and teach them
the Kitab (Scripture) and Al-Hikmah (wisdom)."

-- al Baqarah 2:129

Again the word Al-Hikmah here could not mean anything but wisdom. Abraham had no knowledge of the ‘Sunnah of Muhammad'.

4: Allah grants Al-Hikmah to whomever He pleases.

"He bestows Al-Hikmah upon whoever He pleases,
and whoever attains Al-Hikmah has indeed attained a great blessing."

-- al Baqarah 2:269

The words "whoever He pleases" in this verse indicate that Allah, via His Kitab bestows Al-Hikmah upon any of the believers and not just His messengers. If we assume that Al-Hikmah means the Sunnah we would have to believe that any ordinary believer may also have his own personal Sunnah that has to be followed by other believers! This of course is not the case. The verse would instead make full sense if we think of Al-Hikmah in its proper meaning as wisdom.

5: In Sura 17, we are given a clear demonstration of the word Al-Hikmah as being the ability to differentiate between right and wrong and the wisdom to choose what is right.

If we read the verses from 22 to 39, we find Kitab commanding us not to worship except Him, to honor our parents, to give due alms to our relatives, the needy, the poor, and the traveling alien but without being extravagant or stingy, not to kill our children for fear of poverty, not to commit adultery, nor to abuse the orphan’s money, to trade equitably and fairly, to verify everything before following it blindly and not to act vainly. After such valuable advice Kitab informs us that these virtues are indeed what wisdom (hikmah) is all about.

In that sense Al-Hikmah is not a book of "hadith" (sayings) of one single person but instead a blessing that Kitab may bestow on any of His servants.

6: Perhaps the simplest and most convincing reason for discarding the corrupted meaning of Al-Hikmah so as to mean the Sunnah, is the fact that Kitab is neither vague nor fond of providing us with puzzles.

Kitab asserts that the Qur'an is straightforward, it contains no crookedness:

"An Arabic Qur'an, without any crookedness, that they may take heed."

-- az-Zumar 39:28

Surely, had Allah willed through His Kitab that we should follow the teachings of the Qur'an plus the Sunnah He would have mentioned the words ‘Sunna’t Muhammad’ explicitly in the Qur'an. Needless to say, the only Sunnah that is mentioned in the Qur'an is the Sunnah of Allah.

But we can be sure that we will soon see another "forgotten" gift to try to confuse this issue.

THAT gift will not be from Allah. He is not the author of confusion.

And, as always,

Allahu Alim

2012/3/1 Latifa Aimaq

Asalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahe wa barakatuhu,

I included two ayat which was my last gift and gave you the link to many more ayat that talk about this subject of following Quran and Sunnah. However, I needed to include the last and third aya I want everyone to think about. These people cannot get out of the clear order from Allah Azza Wajal to OBEY ALLAH AND OBEY THE MESSENGER SAWS. So then they try to play TRICKS: They say that even the prophet SAWS had to go by what Allah revealed (we agree TOTALLY) but what they do is to play tricks with what revelation means. For example, Waleed Gavalec changed EVERY AYA THAT MENTIONED REVELATION TO "QURAN." This is DECEPTION OF THE GREATEST DEGREE. Allah Azza Wajal never in those ayat that he mentioned in his last email, EVER, say that the revelation ONLY mentioned the Quran. The revelation could only be Quran or could be Quran and Sunnah (which Allah calls Al Hikma in the Quran.) So he committed deliberate deceipt. I want you to ponder on this aya and think about it and along with the other two ayat and go back to the link and look at the tafsir of all of those ayat listed (qtafsir.com) in order to really understand the Quran. Here is part of aya 13 of Surat An-Nisa and I want you to pay attention:

"...وَأَنزَلَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَـبَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَعَلَّمَكَ مَا لَمْ تَكُنْ تَعْلَمُ وَكَانَ "فَضْلُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكَ عَظِيما

(4.113)

If you notice, what Allah Azza Wajal CLARIFIES as revelation is what He Azza Wajal sent as AL KITAB (THE QURAN) and Al Hikma (WHICH THE QURAN DESCRIBED AS HIS SUNNAH.)

There is something special about the world Al-Hikma; it doesn't mean just any wisdom but a specific wisdom which the prophet SAWS defined as His example or Sunnah, WHICH ALLAH AZZA WAJAL HERE defined as revelation and in general as revelation in Surat An Najm.

So when you hear people distorting Quran and limiting the prophet SAWS' message to only the Quran, you only have to go back to the Quran to know that they are lying and distorting and ONLY FOOLING themselves. In this context, of course, if anyone does not judge by what Allah Azza wajal revealed (Quran and Sunnah), THEN THAT PERSON IS A KAAFIR. That is something we have no problem following.

This is the straight path: there are no ayat that you have to skip or play around with, or do weird math with (such that 2 = 1) and Allah's speech does not have to be made clumsy so that you interpret Obey Allah and Obey the Messenger as Obey Quran and Obey Quran. This is Islam: Perfect. And whoever plays with it, humiliates themselves, and only themselves!

Jazakom Allah Khaire and keep learning!

PS--May Allah Azza Wajal bless you believers and guide the disbelievers to the right way; ameen.

Messages In This Thread

Is Hikmah Sunnat/Hadith??
Mubashir, Canada -- Friday, 2 March 2012, 2:08 am
Re: Is Hikmah Sunnat/Hadith??
Amir Raza, Karachi -- Friday, 2 March 2012, 9:26 pm