Despite the controversy generated by Islamic historical sources, from a Quranic analysis it appears that the complete Quran was fully transcribed, compiled and committed to writing during the life of the Prophet.
From the Quran’s perspective (without question the most reliable historical source contemporaneous to the time of the Prophet), the position that a later copy had to be collated / compiled by the companions of the Prophet seems untenable.
If one accepts the testimony of the Quran, all debates surrounding the Quran being committed to writing later by the Caliphs, or the burning of certain copies, or to its insinuated redaction, missing verses, political motives, or the idea of companions writing it on leaves, animals skins or debris parchments become futile.
THE QURAN WAS PUT TOGETHER BY GOD’S DECREE DURING THE LIFETIME OF THE PROPHET
“And those who disbelieve say: Why is the Quran not revealed to him all at once? (It is revealed) thus that We may strengthen thy heart there with; and We have arranged it in right order (Arabic: Ratalnahu tartila)”
There are some key terms here that enhance understanding and context.
Illustration - Joseph Islam
The phrase ‘Ratalnahu tartila’ clearly denotes the well constructed action of putting together of component parts into one integral whole endowing the complete scripture with an ‘airtight’ inner consistency devoid of errors. Further usage of this term is discussed in the next section.
This response must be understood in the pretext of the charge being made against the Prophet in the same verse.
The disbelievers ask, ‘Why is the Quran not revealed to him all at once?’ i.e. as one integral unit (Jumlatan Wahida). Regardless of the obvious charge of the polemics of Islam at the time of the Prophet with this statement which hints at a Prophet of God revealing verses to suit certain conditions, the Quran’s statement clearly denies the insinuations and admits to a well planned and arranged structure despite its piecemeal revelation.
"Move not thy tongue concerning the (Quran) to make haste with it. It is for Us to collect it and to promulgate it"
The above verse clearly states the purpose of God to collect it (The Quran) / put together and then to order its recitation.
THE QURAN WAS PUT TOGETHER BY THE PROPHET HIMSELF BY GOD'S DECREE:
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