Janaab Dr Saahib, assalaamualaykum, as per your comments on 'aastana.com', that you need more of my material, here is all that I have developed in respect of the usage of non-Quraanic terms in Islaam. Wassalaam, Anwar Ahmad Ansari.
Brothers and sisters in Islam , Assalamualaikum
I am taking the liberty of most respectfully inviting your attention to the fact that how deficient we, the entire Muslim world, are in interpreting and performing the obligations of Salaat and Sawm! When we have the social order based on Salaat then and only then can we have the concept of Muslim Ummah realised. We do not adhere to Salaat. We have erroneously made it ‘reading namaaz’.
Although I am now 75 years old but I could not do 'Namaaz, Roza' right up to the age of well over 50 because in Qur'aan or Hadiis I could not find any reference to Namaaz and Roza. However, constantly studying Quraan and pondering over it, it was very late in life that I came to the realisation that it is Salaat and Sawm and discovered that, according to Quraan, it entails a great deal more than just five times supplication, and that calling these 'ibaadat by the names of 'namaaz' and 'roza' is absolutely wrong, nay, it is kufr.
May I add that that to my knowledge of Quraan and Hadis, there is no such thing as khudaa, parwardigaar, namaaz, jaaey namaaz, namaazi, roza, roza daar, mehar, in Islaam. These terms are exclusively of Zoroastrian faith. These are, therefore, the terms of kufr that are being used in Islaam.
If anything, there is in Quraan, in Suurah al-a'araaf, aayah 162, a very severe warning against replacing or substituting even a word of 'Ibaadah. Translation:
''But the transgressors (zaalim) among them changed the word from that which had been given them so we sent on them a plague from heaven. For that they repeatedly transgressed (zulm).”
That warning in the above quoted aayah is about changing just one word of 'Ibaada, that is hittatun, whereas here in Islaam the whole terms of 'Ibaadah have been changed. Imagine what 'azaab of Allaah can we expect!
Allaah has given us the word 'Allaah' and it has been changed to Zoroastrian khudaa. Allaah has given us the word 'Rabb' and it has been changed to Zoroastrian parwardigaar, Allaah has given us the word 'salaat' and it has been changed to Zoroastrian namaaz, Allaah has given us the word 'musallaa' and it has been changed to Zoroastrian jaaey namaaz, Allaah has given us the word 'musallii' and it has been changed to Zoroastrian namaazi, Allaah has given us the word 'sawm' and it has been changed to Zoroastrian roza, .Allaah has given us the word 'saaim' and it has been changed to Zoroastrian roza daar. Allaah has given us the word 'saduq' and it has been changed to Zoroastrian mehar.
We have repeatedly transgressed on Allaah, and are duly receiving 'azaab of Allaah for our repeated transgression on Allaah.
In the article that follows this introduction, I have attempted to show from Quraan that it is ‘to adhere to Salaat’ and ‘to remain adhering to Salaat at all time’, and not ‘namaaz’ and 'roza'. Salaat and Sawm are only and only the names of 'Ibaadaat of Islam and these are Haqq (The Truth). Namaaz and Roza are only and only the names of worships of mushrik Zoroastrian faith. The words Namaaz and Roza are not used in the Persian language in any other way, and these are Baatil (The Falsehood) by the standards of Quraan.
As regards to calling Salaat and Sawm by the kufr (that is, Zoroastrian) names of namaaz and roza, it appears that we Muslims are defying Qur’aan at least in six ways:
1. Wa laa talbisul haqqa bilbaatili wa taktumulhaqqa wa antum t'a-lamuun. (Qur’aan 2:42); translation: 'And cover not Truth with falsehood nor conceal the Truth when ye know (what it is).' Salaat and Sawm are Haqq, the Truth, and namaaz and roza are Baatil, the falsehood, being names of worships of mushrikiin. Yet we have covered, concealed Salaat and Sawm by mushrikiin's namaaz and roza.
2. Wa man yakfur be aayaatillaahi fa innallaaha sarii-’ulhisaab. (Quraan 3:19); translation: 'But if any deny (commit Kufr) the Signs (aayaah) of Allaah. Allaah is swift in calling to account.' Kufr of Allaah’s aayaah is being committed by replacing Salaat and Sawm by the names of worshipping of kufr, i.e. namaaz and roza. Fire-worshippers’ namaaz and roza are just as much kufr for Salaat and Sawm, as Hindus’ yaatra and daan are kufr for Hajj and Zakaah.
3. Salaat and Sawm are Sha-'aaiir of Allaah. Allaah ordains: Yaa ayyu hallaziina aamanuu laa tahilluu sha-'aairallahi; (Quraan 5:2); translation: 'O ye who believe! Violate not the sanctity of the Symbols of Allaah.' It is quite evident that, by calling Salaat and Sawm by the kufr names of namaaz and roza, we Muslims are defiling Sha-'aaiir of Allaah, in defiance of Quraan. Violating the sanctity of Symbols of Allaah is violating the sanctity of Allaah.
4. Translation: 'Follow what thou art taught by inspiration (wahii) from thy Rabb. There is no god but He. And turn aside from those who join gods with Allaah.' (Quraan 6:106) Salaat and Sawm have come down as wahii, namaaz and roza are not. Yet we practise namaaz and roza; never mind we read Qur’aan in it and not Zand Avistan, it still remains what it is named, i.e. namaaz and roza of fire-worshipping mushrikiin.
5. Namaaz and Roza are the names of mushrikiin's worship our forefathers have given to Allaah’s 'Ibaadaat as against what has come down as wahii. Allaah ordains in Quraan 12:40; translation: 'If not Him, ye worship nothing but names which ye have named - ye and your fathers - for which Allaah hath sent down no authority; the command is for none but Allaah; He hath Commanded that ye worship none but Him; that is the right religion, but most men understand not.'
6. Wa haaza lisaanun 'arabiyyu-Mmubin (Quraan 16:103); “translation: while this is Arabic, pure and clear.” Mubiin is a sifaat Allaah Has specified the Arabic language with, accordingly nothing, nothing can be equated with 'Arabic. Thus, to equate any language with 'Arabic is to equate it with Allaah. That is tantamount to shirk. It cannot be said, therefore, that these Zoroastrian names are the same as those bestowed by Allaah. Translation is another matter. Here, Allaah, Rabb, Salaat, Musallii, Musallaa, Sawm, Saaim and Saduq are being substituted and replaced by the Zoroastrian and Farsi khudaa, parwardigaar, namaas, namaazi, jaae namaaz, roza, roza daar and mehar. And with these Zoroastrian and Farsi names we Muslims are performing our 'Ibaadaat. In doing so, we Muslims are committing the great sin (gunaahe kabiira) of shirk by the standard of the aayah Wa haaza lisaanun 'arabiyyu-Mmubin.
In this regard attention is invited again to Aayah 162 of suurah al-a'araaf, translation: “But the transgressors (Zaalim) among them changed the word from that which had been given them so we sent on them a plague from heaven. For that they repeadedly trnasgressed (did zulm).”
That is for changing just one word of 'Ibaadah. It is beyond imagination what 'azaab is to befaal upon us for changing all those words of 'ibaadah!!!!! Which is in addition to the committal of gunaahe kabiira of Farsi being equated with 'Arabbiyyu-Mmubiin.
I fervently look up to you for knowledge and to have my anxieties dispelled if you find I am wrong in any way. Kindly do give authority from Quraan for ‘namaaz and roza’, or please direct me to some literature where from I can get information on this subject with the authority of Quraan only. Kindly let me have your observations and comments; must be quoting authority from Quraan only. If you agree with the contents of this article then please bring it to the attention of others. I shall remain extremely grateful.
Wassalaam, Anwar Ahmad Ansari, Harrow, England.
The significance of Allaah and Rabb And The nature and the reality of Salaat and Sawm
As Muslims we are to obey what Allaah swt Has ordained us to do and try our best not to deviate from His Commands. In this connection I would like to draw your attention to two very important issues: I) the name of Allaah and ii) the names of His 'Ibaadaat: Salaat and Sawm.
1. The importance of Asmaa-ul-Husna: For Allaah and Rabb we use the names of ‘khudaa’ and ‘parwardigaar’. Quraan tells us that this is wrong. In this regard Quraan ordains: “The Most Beautiful Names – Asmaa-ul-Husnaa- belong to Allaah; so call on Him by Them; but shun such people as use profanity in His Names; for what they do, they will soon be requited.” (Al-A’a-raaf 7:180). We see that Allaah has quite clearly and emphatically ordained that He be called only by Asmaa-ul-Husnaa, and to call Him by any other name is profanity for which there is punishment. Asmaa-ul-Husnaa are the only ones which are in Quraan. ‘Khudaa’ and ‘parwardigaar’ are not in Quraan. ‘Khudaa’ and ‘parwardigaar’ are Persian words and in itself mean nothing. These are the terms of the the Zoroastrian, the fire worshipping, faith and therefore are the terms of kufr, (that is that of Zoroastrianism).
There are many gods – ‘khudaas’ called ‘khudayaan’ and the mammoth crowd of ‘khudaas’ is called ‘khudaaigaan’. Then there is the mightiest ‘khudaa’ known as ‘khudaai khudaaigaan’. Similarly, ‘parwardigaar’ is an attributive name given to their god. So, by calling Allaah by the name of ‘khudaa’, we are not only disobeying Allaah according to the Aayah quoted above, we are also negating the Oneness of Allaah by giving Him a pluralistic name. Our Iimaan is in Allaah, but on our lips is ‘khudaa’. Allaah ordains: “O ye who believe! Celebrate the praises of Allaah and do so often.” (Al-Ahzaab 33:41). This Zikr is to be of Allaah and not of ‘khudaa’, ‘parwardigaar’, ‘parmaatma’ or ‘bhagwaan’ – the names of Zoroastrian and Hindu deities. Qur’aan further says: “They call on such deities, besides Allaah , as can neither hurt nor profit them, that is straying far indeed (from the Way).” (Al-Hajj 22:12). It is clearly evident from this Aayah that it is a great sin to call Allaah by any names other than the ones which have come down in Quraan. We are committing this great sin of calling Allaah by the kufr names of ‘khudaa’ and ‘parwardigaar’– and deservedly receiving punishment for it. We sacrifice an animal by reciting Bismi~Llaah, Allaahu Akbar. Can we sacrifice an animal by saying ‘bismi-khudaa’, ‘khudaai-akbar’? If we do so, will it be halaal? No. It will not be. It will be haraam. This amply illustrates how wrong we are in using the names of ‘khudaa’ and ‘parwardigaar’. Likewise, it is wrong to call Allaah as God and Rabb as Lord.
2. Salaat and Sawm: Of the five pillars of Islam, Iimaan, Salaat, Sawm, Hajj and Zakaah, our forefathers have made Salaat and Sawm into ‘namaaz’ and ‘roza’. This distortion is commonplace in Iran, India, Turkey, and the states of Asia Minor and even in some Eastern European countries. So much so that Islamic education in universities, particularly in Pakistan, is being imparted in these names. Prof. Abdul Qayyum Natiq in his book ‘Siraat-e-Mustaqiim – Islaamiyaat Compulsory for degree classes’, wrote in page 169 that “so far as the word ‘namaaz’ is concerned, it does not appear in the period of Sahaaba to the period of Taaba’iin.” Despite this the professor has written chapters in his aforementioned book under the names of ‘namaaz’ and ‘roza’. Similarly, in the book ‘Islaamiyaat (Compulsory) for degree classes’ of Allama Iqbal Open University on page 118 is written that “namaaz is a word of old Farsi and before Islam it was probably applied to some sort of physical worship’. And in the same book in page 129 is written. ‘The third type of worship in Islaam is roza.” Surely, before Islaam there was kufr in Iran and therefore the terms ‘namaaz’ and ‘roza’, by the investigation of these very authors, are the terms of kufr by the very reason of being prevalent before Islaam and not being 'Arabbiyyim Mubiin . Islaam came to eliminate kufr, its names and all its signs. But how strange it is that our learned people have changed the names, which are bestowed on us by Allaah, by the names of kufr.
‘Namaaz’ and ‘roza’ are Persian words but these words have no meanings in Islaam with the authority of Qur'aan. These words are wholly and exclusively the terms of Persian Zoroastrian (fire worshipping) faith. When
the Zoroastrians, sit before their ‘khudaa’ of fire and read their holy book called ‘Zand Avestan’, that act is called in Persian ‘namaaz khaandan’, that is, ‘reading namaaz’. What an atrocity it is that we Muslims call performing Allaah’s Salaat, as mushrikiin’s ‘bearing roza‘ It is a travesty of Quraanic aayaat. And when the Zoroastrians punish themselves by starving and bewail to their ‘khudaa’ - god of fire - not to further punish them, that self-punishment by starving is called ‘roza bardaaran’. To bear the burden of ‘Roza’ is self-punishment by starving, whereas Sawm is Taqwa. Again, what an atrocity it is that we have turned Allaah’s Taqwa into self- punishment of roza.
Allaah ordains: “If not Him, ye worship nothing but names which ye have named – ye and your fathers – for which Allaah hath sent down no authority; the command is for none but Allaah; He hath Commanded that ye worship none but Him; that is the right religion, but Most men understand not.” (Yusuf 12:40)
Our forefathers have changed the names of Allaah’s 'Ibadaat to the names of idolatry. ‘Namaaz’, ‘roza, ‘khuda’, ‘parwardigaar’ are not with the authority of Quraan. To perform Allaah’s 'Ibadaa with such names for which there is no authority from Quraan is violation of Allaah’s Command in the Suurah quoted above. We do not call Hajj by the name of ‘yaatra’ nor do we call Zakaah by the name of ‘daan’, because these are the names of the idolaters’ worship. Thus, it is a great sin to call Allaah’s 'Ibadaat by such names which are without authority from Quraan.
3. Haqq-o-Baatil: As has been stated above, ‘namaaz’ and ‘roza’ are purely the terms of Zoroastrian faith, which are by definition Baatil- falsehood. Whereas Salaat and Sawm are ordained by Allaah, which are Haqq – The Truth. Surprisingly, by suppressing Salaat and Sawm, i.e. Haqq, we have adopted Baatil names of ‘namaaz’ and ‘roza’. Allaah
swt Says in the Qur’aan: Wa laa talbisul haqqa bilbaatili wa taktumul haqqa wa antum t'a-lamuun. (Al-Baqara 2.42). “And cover not Truth with falsehood, nor conceal The Truth when ye know (what it is).” And it is further ordained in Quraan: Yaa ahlal kitaabi lima talbisuunal haqqa bilbaatili wa taktumuunal haqqa wa antum t'a-lamuun. (Aali-'Imraan 3:71). “Ye People of the Book! Why do ye clothe Truth with falsehood, and conceal The Truth while ye have knowledge?” Spare a thought, O Muslims! How great a violation of Allaah’s decrees are we committing by knowingly suppressing Haqq Salaat and Sawm by Baatil ‘namaaz’ and ‘roza’.
Salaat and Sawm of Allaah are Haqq, whereas ‘namaaz’ and ‘roza’ of Zoroastrian fire worshippers are Baatil. And we are being guilty of knowingly suppressing Haqq by Baatil. And replacing or changing the name of an 'ibaadah as bestowed by Allaah s.w.t. by something of own construction, is zulm on Allaah and there is great 'azaab for this zulm. This is manifest from Suraah al-a'araaf, aayahs 161 and 162. Thus changing Allaah, Rabb, salaat, musallaa, musallii, sawm, saaim, saduq to own construction of khudaa, parwardigaar, namaaz, jaae namaaz, namaazi, roza, roza daar, mehar falls under this category of zulm on Allaah.
4. Kufr of Allaah’s Aayaahs: It be further noted that Allaah, Rabb, Salaat, Musallii, Musallaa, Sawm, Saa’im are Allaah’s Aayaahs. Whereas ‘khudaa’, ‘parwardigaar’, ‘namaaz’, ‘namaazii’, ‘jaae namaaz’, ‘roza’, ‘roza daar’ are wholly and exclusively the terms of Zoroastrian, fire worshipping, faith. Therefore to use idolatry’s names of ‘khudaa’ (plural khudayaan), ‘namaaz’ (fire worship), ‘namaazii’ (fire worshipper), ‘jaae namaaz’ (fire worshipping place), ‘roza’ (self-punishment by starving), etc. in the place of names bestowed by Allaah and to give these idolatry names the status of Allaah’s Aayaahs is tantamount to committing kufr of Allaah’s Ayaahs. Allaah swt Says: Wa main yakfur bi aayaatillaahi fa innallaaha sarii-’ul hisaab. (Aal-i-‘Imraan 3:19). “But if any deny the Signs of Allaah, Allaah is swift in calling to account.” Allaah swt further Says in the same Suurah: Qul yaa ahlal kitaabi lima takfuruuna bi aayaatillaahi wallaahu shahiidun 'alaa maa t'a-maluun (Aal-i-‘Imraan 3:98).
“Say: “O People of the Book! Why reject ye the Signs of Allaah, when Allaah is Himself witness to all ye do?” It is clearly evident from these Aayaahs that we are committing the great sin of doing kufr of Allaah’s Aayaahs by using the names of ghair Allaah for the names of 'Ibadaat as ordained by Allaah.
5. Ittib'a (Compliance) of what has come down as Wahii: As Allaah swt can only be addressed by Asmaa-ul-Husnaa, similarly the 'Ibaadaat Allaah swt has ordained can only be complied with by the names which have come down as Wahii. Allaah swt Says: Ittab'i ma uuhiya ilaika min rabbika la ilaahi illa huwa wa a’a-ridh 'anil mushrikiin. (Al-An’aam 6:106), “Comply with what thou art taught by inspiration from thy Rabb; there is no god but He; and turn aside from those who join gods with Allaah.” Salaat and Sawm have come down as Wahii, but we Muslims have substituted them by the mushrikiin’s ‘namaaz’ and ‘roza’. Whereas Allaah swt Says in the aayaah quoted above ‘to turn away from mushrikiin’. It follows that to worship Allaah swt by the names of mushrikiin is in itself shirk. Thus, we are being guilty of committing the great sin of shirk by performing our 'ibadaat by the mushrikiin’s names of ‘namaaz’ and ‘roza’.
Allaah swt Says: wattab'i maa yuuhaa ilaika min rabbika innallaaha kaana bimaa ta’maluuna khabiira (Al-Ahzaab 33:2), “Thus comply with that which comes to thee by inspiration, wahii, from thy Rabb; for Allaah is well acquainted with (all) that ye do.” Allaah, Rabb, Salaat, Sawm have come down as Wahii, but we are insistent on using in our 'ibadaat the mushrikiin’s names of gods and their worships, i.e. khudaa, parwardigaar, namaaz and roza, etc, which have no authority from Quraan. Therefore, we are in flagrant violation of the suurahs quoted above.
By adamantly insisting on using the names of mushrikiin’s gods and worship, it appears that we have reached the stage where Allaah Says: khatamallaahu ‘ala quluubi him wa ’alaa sam ’i him wa ‘alaa absaari him ghishaawatun walahum ’azaabun aziim (Al-Baqarah 2:7) “Allaah hath set a seal on their hearts and on their hearing, and on their eyes is a veil; Great is the penalty they (incur).” If we look around ourselves, to-day this Great penalty is imploding in the Muslim world which is the direct result of our grave and flagrant violation upon violation of Allaah’s Commands of Wahii.
6 Aqaama~ssalaat: Allaah swt Has made Salaat obligatory on all Muslims. We, though, by denoting it by the worshipping name of the Zoroastrians, have changed it to ‘namaaz’. Now, whether we read ‘Zand Avistan’ or Quraan in ‘namaaz’, it will remain ‘namaaz’, that is, the worship of fire worshippers and not Allaah’s Salaat. It is fallacious to say that Allaah knows the intention – niyya. It is cheating on Allaah. First, in flagrant violation of His injunctions, we have deliberately and knowingly changed the names of Allaah’s 'Ibaadat to that of the names of kufr worshipping and then we say: Allaah knows the intention. What a farce we are playing on Islaam!
Allaah swt Has ordained Aqaama~ssalaat. Now, when we ponder as to what Salaat is, we find that Salaat is a supplication, a prayer that is offered in the state of being in the presence of Allaah, in harmony with Allaah. Salaat. establishes a very special relationship with Allaah. Thus, in the context of Allaah’s 'Ibaadah, it means that Allaah Swt Has made it obligatory on, and a duty of, every Muslim to adhere to Salaat - the special closeness with Allaah - at all times. An obligation, a duty is carried out, performed and not read. Therefore, it is illogical to say ‘to read namaaz’. So, Allaah ordains: Aqaama~ssalaat (Al-Baqara 2:177) “Adhere to Salaat - nearness and closeness with Allaah”. What needs to be ascertained here is: what is Aqaam? Allaah swt Says: wa low annahum aqaamu~ttauraata wal injiila wa maa unzila ilaihim min rabbihim (AlMaaida 5:66) “If only they had stood fast by (adhered to, established life on, complied with) the Laws (of) - the Torah and the Gospel (the Bible) and all the revelation that was sent”. It is clear from this aayah that aqaam means to establish life on, to stand fast by, to adhere to, to comply with, the law. Therefore, in Qur’aanic parlance of Aqaama~ttauraata wal injiila, Aqaama~ssalaat will mean to stand fast by, to adhere to, to establish life on, to live by Salaat – that is, nearness, closeness with Allaah.
Slaat, Sawm, Hajj and Zakaah are the laws of Allaah and together these form a legal system. To establish the law or a legal system is for the ruler or the ruling authority. For the ruled is to obey, to establish life on, to adhere to, to live by the law within the frame-work of that legal system. So, Allaah Has established for us the laws and the legal system of Salaat, Sawm, Hajj and Zakaah and ordered His servants Aqaama~ssalaat - to obey, to adhere to and to establish our life on these laws. By virtue of having Iimaan, a mumin’s connection and closeness with Allaah is already established -Qaaim. Now we, His servants, are being ordered Aqaama~ssalaat as an obligation
and a duty to sustain in purity that already established connection, nearness and closeness with Allaah. Islaam provides the guidance till the Day of Judgement, even for the life hereafter, and thus the believers have been Commanded Aqaama~ssalaat.
Allaah Says: wa kazaalika anzalnaahu hukman ‘arabiyya (Al Ra’ad 13:37) “It is with this instruction that We have sent this Command in Arabic to you.” According to this Aayah, a Command of Allaah cannot be complied with in Persian or in
any other language. Therefore, to go through the ritual of ‘namaaz’ and ‘roza’ and purport it to obeying Allaah’s Commands of Salaat and Sawm is in contravention of the Ayaah referred to above. Moreover, by suppressing haqq Salaat and Sawm by baatil ‘namaaz’ and ‘roza’, we are in grave violation of Allaah’s Command of walaa talbisul haqqa bil baatil, and thereby remain ignorant of the nature and the reality of Salaat and Sawm.
Thus, with this deviance of ‘namaaz’ and ‘roza’ we are depriving ourselves of the Blessings – barakaat – of Sallat and Sawm.
7. Manaasik-e-Salaat like Manaasik-e-Hajj: The lexical meaning of Hajj is to go to or to intend to go to a revered place. Allaah swt Says: wa lillaahi ‘alannaasi hijjul baiti manis tataa’a ilaihi sabiilaa (Aali ‘Imraan 3.97) “Pilgrimage thereto of the House is a duty men owe to Allaah those who can afford (and endure)
the journey.” The ‘House’ is the Ka’ba. According to Qur’aan the components, the manaasik, of Hajj comprise of Ahraam,Waquuf at ‘Arafaat, station of Mash ‘aral Haraam (Mazdalfa), Tawaaf-e-Ka’aba (circumambulation), Station of Ibrahiim, Safa-wa-Marwa, Jamaraat, Qurbaani (sacrifice of animal) and halq. And in the sequence and the manner Allaah’s Last Prophet (puh) performed the Manaasik-e-Hajj, that Sunna became the standard to perform Hajj.
Likewise, Allaah swt Has given the components, the Manaasik, of performance of His Command of
Aqaama~ssalaat. According to Quraan the components, the manaasik, of Salaat comprise of: yaqiimuuna~ssalaat
(AlBaqara 2:3), muqiimi~ssalaat (Al Hajj 22.35), salaati him daai muun (Alma-’aarij 70:23) and s alaati him yuhaafizuun (Alma-’aarij 70:34). And in the sequence and the manner The Last Prophet (puh) performed the Manaasik-e-Salaat, that Sunna of Prophet (puh) came to be the standard to perform Salaat.
Yuqiimuuna~ssalaat: is to conform to the nearness of Allaah with complete trust, humility and single-mindedness. To attain this reunion, to be in harmony, Allaah Has fixed five times in the day for His servants to stand before Him, to bow before Him in humility and to humble before Him in prostration. This special five times attendance before Allaah is the foundational condition of Aqaama~ssalaat.
Muqiimi~ssalaat: After yuqiimuuna~ssalaat, the believer is now in the constant state of salaat, exactly the same way as in I'hraam one constantly, at all time, is in the state of Ihraam. As being in the state of Ihraam implies that one’s every action, speech, movement, presence anywhere, even thinking is with due reverence to the state of Ihraam, so does the condition of being in the state of Salaat – nearness, closeness with Allaah. Since Salaat is obligatory for all time, therefore the believer
is in the state of Salaat at all the time. That is to say, a believer is Muqiim – resident – in Salaat. A believer thus has to live by Salaat. A believer has to remain conscious at all time of being in closeness, nearness of Allah– walking, talking, sleeping, awake, thinking, working, driving, in employment, as a boss, in relation with wife, children, nears and dears, strangers – all. Every moment, every breath, every thought, every action, every deed,
whether for oneself or for others, must be in accordance with the condition of being in the state of Salaat – closeness,
nearness of Allaah. One’s inner is, thus, filled at all time with conscious closeness with Allaah. This is Muqiimi~ssalaat – living by Salaat
Salaati him daaimuun: To be perpetually in Salaat does not mean sitting on the musalla all the time and continuously performing the ritual of prayer. Our remaining in closeness with Allaah constantly and perpetually - Salaati him daai muun - concerns with our outer. An Arab Suufi scholar has explained Salaati him daaimuun thus: 'It is not the ritual that is implied here, but what the regular ritual imparts in outer action to the person of inner serenity and appropriate orientation' (attained by Muqiimi~ssalaat). Therefore, it follows that in our worldly affairs, whatever we do, our every activity, in every situation, in all walks of life, at all time, all must be reflective of that inner spiritual orientation and closeness with Allaah that is imparted by the five times ritual prayers. That encompasses our every action, every word we speak, anything we contemplate to do or undertake to do, perform or carry out, in every walk of life, everything external and at all time, in this way combining the spiritual with the temporal.
Salaati him yuhaafizuun: Now, we are Commanded by Allaah to guard our Salaat – closeness with Allaah. As in the state of Ihraam we have to be at our guard, in the duration of being in Ihraam, for every moment and at all time that a slightest breach of any condition of being in the state of Ihraam incurs the penalty of dam. Likewise, any breach of being in the state of Salaat incurs the wrath of Allaah. Since Salaat – closeness with Allaah – is obligatory in perpetuity, daaimuun, therefore, if even for one single moment we are not in closeness with Allaah then we are in violation of Allaah’s Command of Salaati him daaimuun. Such is the gravity of guarding our Salaat – closeness with Allaah.
We implement the guarding of Salaat (in the state of closeness with Allaah) by being extremely careful, in our actions, in our speech, in carrying out our duties, our obligations, in our movements, in our behaviour, in every function of life, in every activity, whether in solitude or in company, to avoid any thing and every thing that will render us unworthy of Salaat - i.e. nearness, closeness with Allaah.
In conclusion, to fully comply with Allaah’s Command of Aqaama~ssalaat, that is to adhere to the nearness of Allaah and to remain adhering to the nearness of Allaah (as is meant in the format of aqaama~ttaurat-wal-injiil), is possible only when we fulfil all the the components – manaasik – of Salaat as mentioned in Quraan being yuqiimuuna~ ssalaat, muqiimi~ssalaat, salaati him daaimuun, and salaati him yuhaafizuun. However, by performing the ritual of five times prayers we carry out only one - yuqiimuuna~ssalaat - part of the Command of Aqaama~ssalaat (even this we render pointless by denoting it as mushrikiin Zoroastrians' reading namaaz) A part is not equal to its whole. Therefore, the whole completion of carrying out the Command of Aqaama~ssalaat is possible only if we carry out all the components - manaasik – of Salaat viz: yuqiimuuna~ssalaat; muqiimi~ssalaat; salaati him daaimuun, and salaati him yuhaafizuun, according to the Sunna of the Last Prophet (puh).
All that has been said is with and from the authority of Quraan and Allaah’s Last Prophet (puh). Whereas ‘khudaa’ ‘parwardigaar’, ‘namaaz’, ‘namaazii’, ‘jaae namaaz’, ‘roza’, ‘roza daar’, derive authority from ‘Zand Avestan’ of Iran’s mushrik Zoroastrians. We have Iimaan in Allaah and His Last Prophet (puh) and not in fire worshippers’ ‘khudaa’ and their ‘Zand Avestan’. In fact it should be legally forbidden to use the terminology of kufr in Islaam and it should be made legally binding to use the terminology that has come down as wahii, viz: Allaah; Rabb; Salaat; musallii; musallaa; sawm; and saaim. That will enable us to understand all the components - manaasik – of Salaat. When every member of a Muslim society, fulfils all the four Quraanic components – manaasik – in obeying the Command Aqaama~ssalaat, then and only then that Muslim society will be established on Salaat.
Let us pray Allaah swt that we comply with and adhere to what has come down to us in wahii - ittab'i maa uuhia ilaika min rabbika, that is Haqq, and desist from using the Baatil terminology of kufr. Let us adhere to Salaat - nearness with Allaah - and earn the Blessings of Salaat by following the instruction in Sura Yusuf, aaya 40. May we heed the warning in wa laa talbisul haqqa bil baatile and save ourselves from Allaah’s punishment as stated in wa main yakfur bi aayaatillaahi fa innallaaha sarii-’ul hisaab.
Anwar Ahmad Ansari, Harrow, Middlesex, England.