Dear Friends, Brothers and Sisters, Salamun alaikum!
We have had extensive discussion about SALAAT & NAMAAZ over the years. I still find some of my respected readers a bit unclear on this very important subject.
Finally, it has occurred to me that I should start, proceed and close the subject in clear SEQUENCE OF COMMANDS as described by Allah in His Glorious Book.
The article is being dictated without reading and editing will be done only after completion. Some verse references may also be held until after completion.
Please keep revisiting this post since it might take three days to complete it.
Let us begin.
With the Glorious Name of Allah, the Instant and Sustaining Source of all Mercy and Kindness
THE GOAL OF LIFE: ".... The real existence on earth is of the one that benefits humanity." (13:17)
Cast a trace of doubt on Hadith and you will meet with the knee jerk response: "Well, the Qur'an does not give us the method of praying (Namaaz)." The argument sounds convincing and conclusive but is it? Aren't they implying that the Qur'an is an incomplete book - And that Allah forgot to explain something so vital that He mentions scores of times in His Book? Did He leave it up to the "Imams" of Hadith and Fiqh?
Muslims do not know that the huge body of 1.4 million Ahadith combined together fails to delineate the unified, non-contradictory, complete and satisfactory method of Namaaz. [Same is true for all books of Fiqh.]
See what Dr. Ghulam Jeelani Barq writes in his Urdu DOU ISLAM (Two Islams) translated by Dr. Shabbir into English as "Dual Islam".
DOES HADITH EXPLAIN THE METHOD OF RITUAL PRAYER?
Mullahs insist that Ahadith explain the detailed, uniform method of Namaaz. But go through the 1.4 million conjectures called Hadith and this will happen to you :-)
Details online: DUAL ISLAM (Dr. Shabbir's translation of DOU ISLAM (Two Islams) by the top ranking scholar, Fazil Deeniyaat Dr. Ghulam Jeelani Barq) in the Library of Ourbeacon.com.
THE HADITHI PUNCH LINE - NAMAAZ
Let us now deal with the top Hadithi punch line. Cast any doubt on the Hadith literature before any so-called Muslim and the knee jerk response will be, “Oh, how can we pray without Hadith? The Qur’an does not tell us how to perform Namaaz.”
[PARADOX: Less than 5% Muslims ‘perform’ or ‘offer’ Namaaz five times a day, and that too, without understanding. Yet, everybody argues about it. Less than 1% of them have ever tried to understand the Qur’an in full. Hardly 1% ever read its complete translation in their language. True, the Qur’an does not explain the method of Namaaz. Did Allah forget? Or, are we missing something? Does SALAAT mean NAMAAZ? Or, are they two different entities? Is it possible that Namaaz is a very minor part of SALAAT? The answers can be found in ISLAM: THE TRUE HISTORY AND FALSE BELIEFS by Dr. Shabbir Ahmed. I will, later, post again WHO CONTRIVED NAMAAZ?]
THE QUESTION IS: Do the 1.4 million Ahadith give us a complete, unified, method of NAMAAZ (How to pray, ‘perform’ or ‘offer' NAMAAZ)? The answer is a resounding NO!
- Please remind yourself of the famous, weird tale of the Prophet (S) ascending to heavens to meet with Allah, the so-called Me'raaj (the word is non-existent in the Qur'an). Is not Allah Omnipresent? If He is present everywhere, then, how does space travel to meet with Him makes any sense?
The "Imams" of Hadith want us to believe that Allah ordained 50 ritual prayers daily for Muslims on that occasion. As the exalted Prophet was descending from the highest sky, Prophet Moses told him of the impossibility of the situation and sent Muhammad (S) back again and again. Imagine the Prophet (S) bargaining with God! Repeated visits to and fro then bring the number down to 40, 30, 20, 10, (elsewhere, from 50 down to half - 25 - and again to another half - 12.5 - and so on - 6.25 Namaaz, finally to 5, why not 3.125?)!
Allah also said, “These are five and these are fifty. I do not alter My Word.” Read again. Moses a. s. wanted him to make one more trip but Muhammad (S) said, “I feel shy of my Lord” (to go back and bargain any further.)
Was this Hadith, in addition to promoting ritualism, fabricated by a Jewish narrator to prove the superiority of Moses a. s. over Muhammad (S) and even God? Only an extremely gullible mind would accept this nonsensical story. (See Bukhari vol 1 Kitab-us-Salaat pg 215 Hadith 339 for exact details.)
So, neither Allah nor Rasool had any idea of human limitations. Had Moses not intervened, the Ummah would be praying a non-stop 24 hours day and night. Thank Moses a. s. for being the instructor of Allah and Rasool. Thank him for saving Islam from their blunder. What mockery! Think: Allah also said, “These are five and these are fifty. I do not alter My Word.”
But the story has just begun. Let us see a little more closely what Hadith has to offer about teaching us NAMAAZ. [Please note again that Dr. Barq does not give the publishers’ names. So, the page numbers can vary in different editions.]
- Hazrat Anas said: The Prophet (S) used to do a new Wudhu (ablution) for every Namaaz. (Bukhari vol 1 pg 35)
- Contradiction - Hazrat Ibn Abbas said: Rasool (S) slept for a while – went to the Masjid and prayed (‘offered’ Namaaz) without Wudhu. (Bukhari, Kitabul Wudhu)
- The Sahaba of Rasool (S) used to ‘perform’ Namaaz without Wudhu after waking up from sleep. (Muslim with Fathil Mulhim pg 500)
Is Ghusl (bath) mandatory after intercourse?
- Hazrat Usman said: If a man withdraws before ejaculation, let him wash the genitals and make Wudhu (No bath necessary). (Bukhari, vol 1 Kitabul Wudhu pg 164 Hadith 176)
- Bath becomes mandatory after penetration. (Muwatta pg 22)
- Rasool (S) said: When a man sits between the woman’s legs and pushes hard, Ghusl (bath) becomes mandatory with or without ejaculation. (Muslim vol 1 Bab-il-Wudhu pg 485, Thanks for being so explicit!)
- Ubbi bin Ka’ab asked Rasoolullah (S), “If a man engages in intercourse and withdraws before ejaculation, should he take bath?” He replied, “He should do Wudhu and pray.”
[Now what conclusion can we reach if any?! Would the great men who conquered 1/3rd of the world and ruled peoples' hearts in 100 years and became teachers of humanity, indulge in such trivia and nonsense?]
- Rasool (S) said, “Renew Wudhu after eating anything cooked on fire.” (Muslim vol 1 pg 486)
- BUT, Ibn Abbas says, “Rasoolullah ate a roasted goat shoulder and then prayed without ablution.” (Same vol 1 pg 488)
- Hazrat Bilal was ordered to say two Takbeers in Azaan and one in Iqaamat. (Muslim vol 2 pg 2)
Why do Muslims say two Takbeers in Iqaamat? There must be another Hadith contradicting this one.
- When asked what to recite after Surah Fatihah in Namaaz, Abu Hurairah said, “Reciting any Surah is good but Al-Fatihah is sufficient.” (Muslim vol 2 pg 31) The Imams of FIQH maintain that Al-Fatihah alone will invalidate Namaaz.
- Hazrat Umar used to recite “Subhaanakallahumma ---” loudly. (Muslim vol 2 pg 38) The Imams tell us to recite it in the heart.
- Hazrat Anas said, “I prayed behind Rasoolullah, Abu Bakr, Umar and Usman. They used to begin Namaaz with Al-Fatihah.” No Subhanakallahumma ---. (Muslim vol 2 pg 38)
- When the pulpit was built in Masjid Nabawi, the Rasool (S) climbed on it, turned to the Qiblah, said Takbeer and people got arranged in columns. After recitation, he bowed on his knees, then came down, prostrated on the ground, then again climbed on the pulpit. He did bow (did rukoo’) again and then came down for prostration on the ground. (Bukhari vol 1 pg 53) What! Say that again.
- Rasoolullah picked up his daughter Zainab’s little girl Amama and began praying. When he went into Sajdah (prostration) he placed her on the ground and when he got up, he picked her up again. (Bukhari vol 1 pg 69). Why no Muslim does anything like that? - Contradicting Ahadith and Fiqh.
- If someone passes in front of a praying person, stop him. If he doesn’t stop, kill him because he is Shayitaan. (Bukhari vol 1 pg 68)
- But: Abdullah Ibn Abbas said, “I rode a she-ass to MINA. Rasoolullah (S) was leading the prayer. I passed before some praying ones and got off from the animal and joined the prayers. None objected. (Bukhari vol 1 pg 107)
- Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqaas used to pass from in front when the prayer was on. (Muwatta 55)
- No harm is done to prayers if someone passes from in front. (Muwatta 55)
- Rasoolullah said, “The prayer is broken if a woman, a donkey or a dog come in front.” (Muslim vol 2 pg 111)
AGAIN, THE QUESTION IS: Do the 1.4 million Ahadith give us a complete, unified, method of NAMAAZ (How to pray, ‘perform’ or ‘offer’ NAMAAZ? The answer is a resounding NO!)
- Hazrat Ayesha said, “You (narrators) have made us donkeys and dogs. By Allah! I used to be lying in front on the rug while Rasoolullah prayed. (Muslim vol 2 pg 111)
- Bukhari (Kitab-us-Salaat, vol 1 pg 93) narrates four Ahadith that the Rasool (S) used to raise his hands up to the ears before bowing and also on rising from ‘Attahayyaat --.’ Why don’t the majority of Muslims do it?
- Rasoolullah used to combine Zuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib and ‘Isha prayers without duress or travel. (Muwatta 51, Muslim vol 2 pg 265) Why can't we do it? Because of other contradictory Ahadith and the Fuqaha, the 'Jurists'.
- Mu’aawiyah bin Hakam was praying with Rasool (S). A praying one sneezed and I said the customary blessing, ‘Yarhamakallah’. The Rasool (S) told me after prayers, “Human words are not permissible during Salaat.” (Muslim vol 2 pg 126)
- BUT – Once, the Satan came before Rasoolullah during Namaaz and the Rasool (S) said three times, “Allah’s curse be upon you!” (Muslim vol 2 pg 131) Human words, how’s that? And how about depicting the “Satan” as a physical entity rather than the Qur’anic ‘selfish desire’?
- The Rasool (S) was praying ‘Isha. After rising from rukoo’ he said, “O Allah! Have mercy on 'Ayyaash bin Abi Rabia’ah and other poor Muslims. Grasp the Al-Mudhar Tribe and send famine on them.” (Muslim vol 2 pg 236) Human words, aren't they? Did the exalted Prophet, Mercy for the Worlds, ever pray for doom? He always prayed for guidance of people and wished well for all.
- Rasoolullah never used to raise hands in prayers except when praying for rains. (Bukhari vol 1 page 125)
- He always raised hands during any du'a. (References too many to point)
- Rasoolullah used to offer prayers with shoes on. (Bukhari vol 1 pg 55) [Can we? The Mullah drives out even a non-Muslim from the Masjid if he is wearing shoes]
- Sahaba used to pray even when bleeding from an arrow. (Bukhari vol 1 pg 32, Ibn Majah, Muslim, Nisaai & many other sources)
- Oozing of blood from anywhere in the body nullifies Wudhu and Salaat. (Same sources and Fuqaha)
- Hazrat Anas states that Rasool (S) used to pray the briefest complete Namaaz. (Muslim vol 2 pg 86)
- The Rasool (S) used to scold people who led long prayers. (Two Ahadith, Muslim vol 2 ppg 84, 85)
- BUT, Hazrat Anas states that Rasool (S) stood still so long after bowing (rukoo’) that the watcher thought he forgot to proceed. The same used to happen after Sajdah (prostration). (Muslim vol 2 pg 87)
- Abu Saeed Khadri narrates: Rasoolullah’s prayer used to be so long that supposing the noon prayer has begun. A man walks to the graveyard of Baqee’, comes back home, makes ablution and goes to the Masjid. And he finds him still leading the first raka’at (unit). (Muslim vol 2 pg 48)
Then there are innumerable contradictions in what du’as the exalted Messenger used to recite and teach at each point in Namaaz. (See Bukhari vol 1 ppg 99 to104, Muslim vol 2 ppg 43, 48, 90)
[Dr. Ghulam Jeelani Barq has cited only a very few (2-3%) of the contradictions found in the books of Hadith about Namaaz, but I think, he has made the point.]
So, this is what the Hadith teaches us about Namaaz:
1. If you have been snoring in sleep, you need not do Wudhu. Sorry, you do need Wudhu.
2. Cooked food will break your ablution, but, the roasted goat won’t.
3. Bleeding does not spoil Wudhu and prayers. Sorry, it does.
4. If there is no ejaculation, bath is not necessary. Sorry, it is necessary.
5. You can combine the noon, afternoon, evening and night prayers. Sorry, you cannot.
6. Don’t raise your hands for du’a. Do raise your hands for du’a.
7. Before Rukoo’, raise your hands to the shoulders. No, don’t.
8. Pray two units after ‘Asr. No, don’t.
9. You can pray with your child in your lap. You can’t do that. (FIQH)
10. You can keep climbing up and down the stairs during Namaaz. (No way! FIQH)
11. Only Al-Fatiha is enough for Namaaz. Sorry, it’s not enough.
12. ‘Allahhumma’ can be read aloud. No, it cannot be read aloud. But, you can pray without it. No, never! You can’t pray without it.
13. You may curse the Satan during Namaaz and pray for or curse others. No, never!
14. Say anything after At-Tahiyyat that you want. No, only say this and this.
15. Kill anyone passing in front of the Namaazis, but leave alone Hazraat Abdullah Ibn Abbas and Sa’d bin Abi Waqas.
16. If a woman, donkey, or dog passes from in front, the Namaaz is broken. But if your wife is lying down on your prayer rug right in front, never mind.
So, this is the Salaat or Namaaz of Hadith. Can you pray at all according to Hadith? If you claim Hadith tells you the method of Namaaz, then, which one is the greater riddle; Hadith or your thinking?
dictated, not read