2:178 (Security of life is the cornerstone of a civilized society.) O You who have chosen to be graced with belief! The Law of Just Recompense (Qisaas) has been prescribed for you in dealing with murder. If a free person has committed murder, that free person will face the Law. If a servant has committed murder, that servant will face the Law. And if a woman has committed murder, that woman will face the Law. If the victim’s kin pardons the guilty, the murderer must be appreciative and pay an equitable compensation to the kin in handsome gratitude. This pardon is a concession and Mercy from your Lord. Whoever, after this, trespasses this Law will have an awful doom in the Court of God.
[See 4:92-93, 5:32, 17:33, 42:40. Color, creed, race, status or gender of the victim or the offender will have no bearing before the Justice System]
2:179 For, there is life for you in the Law of Just Recompense, O You who possess understanding! This is so that you may live in security. [Hence, Qisaas is a deterrent and not revenge]
Murderers forfeit their lives. Beheading is one way, guillotine, gas chamber, hanging, poison injection, etc. Public viewing should deter others, but where are the bounds of decency in this situation?
5:33 The just punishment for those who wage war against God and His Messenger and endeavor to commit bloody crimes on earth, is that they be killed or crucified, or have their hands and feet severed on alternate sides, or be entirely banished from the land. Such is their disgrace in this world, and an awful suffering awaits them in the Hereafter.
[Fasaad = Bloody crimes = Spreading corruption in the land = Creating disorder. ‘God and Rasool’ … None can physically fight against God, and the Rasool (S) was a mortal man. Hence, God and Rasool denote the Central Authority of the Islamic State. Waging war against God and Rasool would mean rebellion against the true Islamic State. ‘Severing the hands and feet’ may also be understood as cutting of their ability to create Fasaad. See 5:38 & 12:31. ‘Banishing from the land’ indicates exile or imprisonment for life]
5:34 Unless the corruptors repent before you become more powerful than they are. Know that God is Forgiving, Merciful. [Peace will prevail when the righteous become more powerful than the guilty]