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Raziuddin Siddiqui
By:Muhammad Rafi
Date: Friday, 29 January 2010, 9:00 am

Very few people know that Prof. Raziuddin Siddiqui wasd a student of Einstein and Heisenberg. The following information is from Wikipedia

Raziuddin Siddiqui
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Muhammad Raziuddin Siddiqui
Born January 8, 1908
Hyderabad, India
Died January 8, 1998 (aged 90)
Islamabad, Pakistan,

Citizenship Pakistani [1]
Nationality Pakistani
Fields Theoretical Physics
Institutions Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC)
United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA)
Commission for Atomic Energy(CEA)
Quaid-e-Azam University, Pakistan
University of Sindh, Pakistan
University of Peshawar, Pakistan
Osmania University, India
University of Paris, France
Pakistan Mathematical Society (PMS)
Alma mater Osmania University, India
University of Cambridge, UK
University of Berlin, Germany
Doctoral advisor Dr. Werner Karl Heisenberg
Other academic advisors Dr. Albert Einstein
Known for Electroweak theory
Black hole thermodynamics
Apparent magnitude
Theory of relativity
nuclear energy
Notable awards Sitara-i-Imtiaz (1960) and Hilal-i-Imtiaz (1981)
Prof. Dr. Muhammad Raziuddin Siddiqui (Urdu:رضی الدین صدیقی) (January 8, 1908–January 8, 1998) was an eminent Pakistani theoretical physicist, mathematician, research scientist, scholar and an educationist of Pakistan. He was a prominent nuclear scientist and theoretical physicist who had conducted and carried out vast amoung of research in the atomic programs of Pakistan, France, and United Kingdom. He specialized in mathematics, nuclear energy, nuclear fission and general relativity.

He has closely worked in Pakistan, United Kingdom and French atomic program during his life career. Siddiqui was an eminent and prominent educationist of Pakistan who dedicated his life for physics and mathematics in his country. He was an avid supporter of science and technology in Pakistan and attended various conferences for physics, science, and mathematics in Pakistan and abroad. He had been the vice-chancellor of four Pakistani universities and the first V.C. of Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad. Dr. Raziuddin Siddiqui was also nominated for Nobel Prize in Physics for his research work in string theory.

Contents [hide]
1 Life and Education
1.1 Higher Education
2 Academic career
3 Death and Legacy
4 Family
5 Awards
6 Institution Named After Dr. Raziuddin Siddiqui
7 Award Named After Raziuddin Siddiqui
8 Books
9 References
10 External links

[edit] Life and Education
Raziuddin Siddiqui was born on January 8, 1908 in Hyderabad- Deccan, India. He was one of the pioneering students who attended the newly established Osmania University. After passing the Rashidia Exams in 1918, Siddiqui completed his matriculation from Osmania University in 1921 and earned the B.A. degree in mathematics with distinction.

[edit] Higher Education
He was then awarded a scholarship from the Government of State of Hyderabad to pursue higher studies in England where he completed his M.A. in mathematics from the University of Cambridge in 1928. Then he proceeded further to work for his Ph.D at the University of Leipzig in Germany. In those days renowned scientist and theoretical physicist Albert Einstein was also teaching at the same university. He had the rare privilege to study mathematics and quantum mechanics under Albert Einstein in Berlin and Heisenberg at Leipzig. He then received his M.Sc. in mathematics under the distinction of Albert Einstein.

He completed his Ph.D in theoretical physics, writing a thesis on the Theory of relativity, under the supervision of the renowned theoretical physicist and Nobel Laureate in Physics dr. Werner Karl Heisenberg in 1930. Later, he did his post doctoral work at the University of Paris, France.

[edit] Academic career
After returning to his homeland, Siddiqui joined Osmania University, Hyderabad, as an Associate Professor of mathematics. It is said that the philosopher Muhammad Iqbal requested him to write down a book on the theory of relativity but Iqbal had died before the completion of the book. Maulvi Abdul Haq published this title from Anjuman Taraqqi-i-Urdu Delhi.

Dr. Raziuddin Siddiqui founded the first mathematical society in Pakistan in 1952 by the name of "All Pakistan Mathematics Association" (now known as Pakistan Mathematical Society). He remained its President of the Pakistan Mathematical Society (PMS)from 1952 to 1972. Dr. Raziuddin Siddiqui was a close friend of Pakistani theoretical physicist Dr.Abdus Salam. He had closely worked with Dr. Abdus Salam in Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC). At PAEC, Raziuddin Siddiqui was put in charge of Mechanics lab at the PAEC.

While studying in Europe, dr. Siddique continued his research work at United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority and Commissariat l'énergie atomique where he published his thesis in the fields of nuclear energy and nuclear fission. During the late 1940s and early 1950s, Siddiqui closely collaborated with Britain's atomic program, and had participated in the clandestine nuclear research project-Tube Alloys. He then specialized in quantum mechanics and Supersymmetric quantum mechanics from the UKAEA where he printed numerous of scientific articles and journals in his discoveries in the fields of nuclear physics and theoretical physics. He was a keen research in the field of Supersymmetric quantum mechanics, Quantum electrodynamics and Tensor–vector–scalar gravity.

During the 1970s, Siddiqui worked with notable Pakistani physicists and engineers in Pakistan's integral to acquire the atomic bomb. He had the distinguished career and carried out wide variety of nuclear research in British atomic weapon program and French atomic program. At the PAEC, he became a mentor of Pakistani nuclear scientists and heavily carried out the research in Pakistan's atomic program. Dr. Raziuddin Siddiqui contributed richly to the advancement of science in Pakistan. He was the first full-time Technical Member of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission and was responsible for preparation of its charter.

Siddiqui also served as Vice-Chancellor of Osmania University during 1948-49. Later he migrated to Karachi, Pakistan along with a majority of his family members. In Karachi, he also joined Anjuman-i Tarraqi-i Urdu. He was then simultaneously appointed as the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Sindh and the University of Peshawar. He was also the first vice-Chancellor of the University of Islamabad, later Quaid-e-Azam University, from 1964 to 1972.

[edit] Death and Legacy
He peacefully died on January 8, 1998 in Islamabad. Dr. Raziuddin Siddiqui was considered one of the prominent theoretical physicist in Pakistan. He was known to be introduced the complex applications of theoretical physics in Pakistan. He played an important and key role in establishing of theoretical physics elementary particle physics, quantum mechanics and mathematical physics laboratories at PAEC. In 1960, due to his efforts, he was awarded the third-high civilian award of Pakistan, Sitara-i-Imtiaz, from the then-President of Pakistan, Field Marshal Ayub Khan.

In 1981, he was awarded the second highest civilian award, Hilal-i-Imtiaz, from President of Pakistan and military ruler General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq due to his significant efforts in Pakistan's atomic program, and popularizing science in Pakistan. Dr. Raziuddin Siddiqui was a prominent educationist of Pakistan. He was one of the few Pakistani scientists who were very close to Prime Minister of Pakistan, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and the only Pakistani Nobel laureate, dr. Abdus Salam (late).

[edit] Family
Amongst his notable children is his daughter, Shirin Tahir-Kheli, who is the Special Assistant to the President of the United States of America, and Senior Director for Democracy, Human Rights and International Operations.

[edit] Awards
Sitara-i-Imtiaz (1960)
Hilal-i-Imtiaz (1981)
[edit] Institution Named After Dr. Raziuddin Siddiqui
Dr. Raziuddin Siddiqui Memorial Library, Quaid-i-Azam University
[edit] Award Named After Raziuddin Siddiqui
M. Raziuddin Siddiqi Gold Medal.
[edit] Books
Dastan-e-Riazi (The Story of Mathematics)
Experiences in science and education by M. Raziuddin Siddiqui, published in 1977.
Establishing a new university in a developing country: Policies and procedures by M. Raziuddin Siddiqui, published in 1990.
South Asian Cultures of the Bomb: Atomic Publics and the State in India and Pakistan ( the book is written by Dr. Itty Abraham under the guidance of Dr. Raziuddin Siddiqui)
[edit] References
^ http://www.chowk.com/articles/8387 -Dr Abdus Salam - The ’Mystic’ scientist
[edit] External links
Muhammad Raziuddin Siddiqui
Dr. Raziuddin Siddiqui Memorial Library
Iiit.ac.in, Iqbal Ka Tasawwuf-e-Zaman-o-MakaN at Digital Library of India
[hide]v • d • eScience and technology in Pakistan

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