Dear Dr. Ahmed,
We thank you for allowing us to be of help in Yemen.
My friends have a question. They say that the Shahadah LA ILAHA ILLALLAHU MUHAMMAD-UR-RASULULLAH should be questioned since it violates the Qur’an. It does not appear anywhere together. We see LA ILAHA ILL-ALLAH in 37:35 and MUHAMMAD-UR-RASULULLAH in 63:1.
Shaibani: Also see the following verses:
1. When God alone is advocated, the hearts of those who do not believe in the hereafter shrink with aversion. But when OTHERS are mentioned besides Him, they rejoice. Surah 39:45.
Shabbir: 39:45 refers to Taghoot or false gods including humans, particularly the clergy who are taken as ultimate authorities. It does not refer to the exalted Prophet or his noble companions at all.
Shaibani: It is the hypocrites who say, “We witness that you (Muhammad” are the Messenger of God.”
Should we behave like hypocrites by saying by what they said?
2. “When the hypocrites come to you and say: “WE BEAR WITNESS THAT YOU ARE THE MESSENGER OF GOD. God indeed knows that you are His Messenger. God bears witness that the hypocrites are liars”. Surah 63:1.
Shabbir: Read the verse again. Allah is bearing witness, so why shouldn’t we for our own benefit? The hypocrites are called liars since they were saying something that was not in their hearts.
3. “God bears witness concerning what He has revealed to you. He has revealed it with His knowledge. And the angels bear witness as well, BUT GOD IS ENOUGH AS A WITNESS” Surah 4:166.
Shabbir: God bears witness to the Truth. Why shouldn’t we bear witness to the Truth? Should we deny it and be among the rejecters?
4. “Do not accept anything that you yourself cannot verify. Surely your hearing, your eyesight and your mind will be questioned.” Surah 17:36.
Your insight and comments on the above would be a great help.
Shabbir: Dear brother, hearing and reading the Qur’an with due reflection fulfills the above condition of verification.
Please also note that in addition to 63:1, verse 48:29 repeats .... (Muhammad is the Messenger of God).
Shahadah together - If I tell you that Allah is Forgiving and His mercy encompasses all things, the sentence is not found together at one place in the Qur’an. I have exercised TASREEF-IL-AYAAT. No conflict.
Dear brother Shaibani,
Perhaps you know that Rashad Khalifa and a few other “scholars” have been trying to belittle the exalted messenger (S).
Historically, many “Imams” and especially Sufia have been envious of the exalted messenger (S).
They belittled him to increase their own stature. Please read THE CRIMINALS OF ISLAM. People like Ibn Arabi, Abdul Qadir Jeelani, Shah Waliullah and many more have arrogantly written such things as, “My banner is higher than that of the Prophet (S).”
Now take a different example. Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani was an obvious impostor. But, like many sincere exponents before and after him, he writes that Jesus Christ died of natural causes and was never raised to the heavens, and he is quite right according to the Qur’an.
3:55 “O Jesus! I will cause you to die of natural causes, I will exalt you in My Sight and will clear you of the slander of the disbelievers. And I will cause those who truly follow you to dominate those who reject, until the Day of Resurrection. Eventually, all of you will return to Me. Then I will judge among you about that wherein you used to differ.” [Wafaat = Dying of natural causes. Rafa’ = Exalt = Raising in honor. Ilayya = allegorically, in My Sight]
Why should we deny this truth just because Qadiani wrote it? Truth is truth and falsehood is falsehood regardless of who says it. So, if the hypocrites say something that is true and Allah confirms it in the Qur’an, it remains true. Therefore, I see no contradiction here.
LA ILAHA ILL-ALLAHU MUHAMMAD-ANR-RASULULLAH does not conflict with the Qur’an in any way.
"We must see what is said and not who says it."
- Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib
Allama Iqbal rightly said:
BA-MUSTAFA BARASAN KHWAISH RA KE DEEN HAMA OST
AGAR BA O NARASEEDI TAMAM BU-LAHABI AST
(Take your ‘self’ to Mustafa (S) for all Deen is he – If you fail to reach him, the rest is nothing but Bu Lahabi - Abi Lahab’s demeanor).
Shaibani: The Qur’an seems to tell us that Muhammad (S) was just another prophet.
Shabbir: I would rather say that he was one of the prophets. He was the final apostle of God bearing the most glorious title: Grace for the Worlds. Muhammad (S) was the only Prophet sent to all mankind for all times.
There are three verses in the Qur’an about distinction between the prophets. One (2:136) pertains to us and so we believe equally in all prophets.
The others 2:253 and 17:55, pertain to God. He excels one prophet over the other depending upon their duties, greatness and impact of their mission.
2:136 (O You who have chosen to believe) Say, “We believe in God, and the revelation that has been given to us, and (the surviving truth) in what was sent down to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, as well as the Tribal Israelite Prophets and in what was given to Moses and Jesus and to all Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction among them (since all of them were one in purpose and they got their guidance from the One True God). And for Him, we are Muslims.”
[‘No distinction’ = All of them were commissioned by God and they were one in purpose, although their times and places varied. They were given the message emphasizing the social needs of their respective nations. Humanity is now able to receive the Final revelation that embraces all truth and sorts out the human touch in the previous scriptures. 2:101, 6:34, 6:91, 6:115-116, 10:64, 15:9 18:27, 41:53, 75:16-19. 'No distinction' also indicates that we do not deny some and accept some of the Prophets named in the Qur’an. A misconception recently trying to hold grounds should probably be addressed here: It is God alone Who is Impeccable and there is none like unto Him. And no two human beings are identical in every respect. The apostles of God were made to excel one another concerning their specific duties relevant to the times and places of their advent.
2:136 We make no distinction among them ….
2:253 We caused some of the Messengers to excel others.
17:55 …. We caused some Prophets to excel the others….
[However, they were all one in purpose, so we make no distinction among them on that account, and we do not accept some and deny some of them.]
2:253 (All Messengers were one in purpose. They were assigned different strategies suitable to their times, locations and people.) We caused some of those Messengers to excel others. God spoke to some of them. Others He raised in degrees of high honor. Jesus son of Mary was one of those Messengers whom We gave clear signs of truth and helped him with Noble revelation. If God had so willed, the later generations would not have fought among themselves after clear evidence of the truth had come to them. But they chose to differ, some believing them and others rejecting. Yet, if God had so willed, they would not have fought each other. But God does everything according to His laws.
17:55 And your Lord is best Aware of all beings who are in the highs and the lows. We caused some Prophets to excel the others. To David We gave a Book of wisdom.
[The Psalms, as well as a kingdom that was matchless in its times. 21:79, 34:10, 38:19-20. All Prophets were one in purpose, so we make no distinction between them. 2:136, 2:253, 17:55]
May Allah bless you and increase us in knowledge.
Shabbir, a lifelong student