Respected Sister UmeAimon,
Your dissertation is always marvelous. May Allah bless you!
While I continue my research on SAUM, there are two more points worth reflecting.
1. As you pointed out, the so-called five "Pillars of Islam" are a frank forgery as we see below.
2. The terms "WAKULOO WASHRABOO" (And eat and drink) have been used in the Qur'an literally as well as allegorically.
Literal: Eat and drink.
Allegorical: Enjoy the bounties that Allah has given you.
The allegorical meaning appeals more to reason. For example, WAKULOO WASHRABOO WA LA TUSRIFOO.
Literal: Eat and drink and waste not.
Allegorical: Enjoy Allah's bounties but waste not.
THE FABRICATED PILLARS OF ISLAM
The term "Pillars of Islam” is absolutely non-Qur’anic. There is no such term as 'Imaadil Islam' or 'Imaad-id-Deen’ in the Book. ('Imaad means pillars.) But our clergy, the "Imams" of Hadith, invented the so-called five pillars of Islam.
The Sunni Pillars:
*Iman (Faith) – *Salat (Relegated to ritual prayers five times a day) - *Zakaat (distorted as annual charity or poor-due) - *Saum (Fasting in the month of Ramadhan) - *Hajj (Pilgrimage to Makkah).
The clergy, however, abjectly fail to describe a beautiful building on these “pillars”. Guarding human rights, benefiting people are the central themes in the Qur’an. Give and grow!
I can imagine “Imam” Bukhari committing an atrocious forgery, writing an incomplete, erroneous sentence with a fibrillating heart and a trembling hand, "Al-binaa-il-Islam ‘ala khams.” (The foundation of Islam is on five.) Notice the word 'Pillars' missing even here, betraying his attempt at frank forgery.
The Shi’a Pillars are quite different:
*Tawheed (Monotheism) – *‘Adl (Justice) *Nubuwwat (Belief in the prophets of God) - *Imamat (Imamate or belief in "Imams") -*Qiyamat (Resurrection).
PS: Respected Sister,
Kindly reconsider your thought of freeing a slave as a ransom for fasting. This is not ordained in the Qur'an. I think it was an "intellectual typo" in your brilliant mind :-) Or, is it with me?
Thanks a lot!